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The pricing of green bonds: are financial institutions special?

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  • Serena Fatica

    (European Commission – Joint Research Centre, Directorate for Innovation and Growth, Economy and Finance Unit)

  • Roberto Panzica

    (European Commission – Joint Research Centre, Directorate for Innovation and Growth, Economy and Finance Unit)

  • Michela Rancan

    (European Commission – Joint Research Centre, Directorate for Innovation and Growth, Economy and Finance Unit)

Abstract

The financial system plays a major role in the transition to a low-carbon economy. We investigate this issue analyzing the recent developments and challenges in the bond and debt markets. First, we study the pricing of green bonds at issuance. We find a premium when green bonds are issued by supranational institutions and corporates while there is no effect for financial institutions. We also document an effect for external review and repeated access to this market. Second, we investigate lending decisions by banks issuing green bonds. Our results show that these lenders reduce their funding towards more polluting segments of the economy but limited to the amount of loans they granted as lead bank in the deal. This evidence may explain why we do not find a green premium for financial issuers. Yet it also suggests that the banking system may play a much larger role in channelling funds towards low-carbon activities, and thus reducing the environmental risks also for the financial system.

Suggested Citation

  • Serena Fatica & Roberto Panzica & Michela Rancan, 2019. "The pricing of green bonds: are financial institutions special?," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 157, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:anc:wmofir:157
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    Cited by:

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    3. Palea, Vera & Drogo, Federico, 2020. "Carbon Emissions and the Cost of Debt Financing: What Role for Policy Commitment, Firm Disclosure and Corporate Governance?," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 202002, University of Turin.
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    6. Serena Fatica & Roberto Panzica, 2021. "Green bonds as a tool against climate change?," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(5), pages 2688-2701, July.
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    8. Pauline Deschryver & Frederic de Mariz, 2020. "What Future for the Green Bond Market? How Can Policymakers, Companies, and Investors Unlock the Potential of the Green Bond Market?," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 13(3), pages 1-26, March.
    9. Clara I. González & Soledad Núñez, 2019. "Mercados, entidades financieras y bancos centrales ante el cambio climático: retos y oportunidades," Working Papers 2019-06, FEDEA.
    10. Hinsche, Isabelle Cathérine, 2021. "A greenium for the next generation EU green bonds: Analysis of a potential green bond premium and its drivers," CFS Working Paper Series 663, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    11. Douglas A. Adu & Basil Al‐Najjar & Thitima Sitthipongpanich, 2022. "Executive compensation, environmental performance, and sustainable banking: The moderating effect of governance mechanisms," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(4), pages 1439-1463, May.
    12. Ricardo Gimeno & Fernando Sols, 2020. "Incorporating sustainability factors into asset management," Revista de Estabilidad Financiera, Banco de España, issue Autumn.
    13. Alessi, Lucia & Ossola, Elisa & Panzica, Roberto, 2021. "What greenium matters in the stock market? The role of greenhouse gas emissions and environmental disclosures," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    14. Ramelli, Stefano & Ossola, Elisa & Rancan, Michela, 2021. "Stock price effects of climate activism: Evidence from the first Global Climate Strike," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    15. Rannou, Yves & Boutabba, Mohamed Amine & Barneto, Pascal, 2021. "Are Green Bond and Carbon Markets in Europe complements or substitutes? Insights from the activity of power firms," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    16. Alessandro Ferrari & Valerio Nispi Landi, 2022. "Toward a green economy: the role of central bank's asset purchases," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1358, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    17. Yevheniia Antoniuk & Thomas Leirvik, 2021. "Climate Transition Risk and the Impact on Green Bonds," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(12), pages 1-19, December.
    18. Mariantonietta Intonti & Laura Serlenga & Giovanni Ferri & Matteo De Leonardis, 2022. "The Green Bond Premium: A Comparative Analysis," CERBE Working Papers wpC40, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    19. Danilo Liberati & Giuseppe Marinelli, 2022. "Everything you always wanted to know about green bonds (but were afraid to ask)," IFC Bulletins chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Statistics for Sustainable Finance, volume 56, Bank for International Settlements.
    20. Lin, Boqiang & Su, Tong, 2022. "Green bond vs conventional bond: Outline the rationale behind issuance choices in China," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    21. Kristin Ulrike Löffler & Aleksandar Petreski & Andreas Stephan, 2021. "Drivers of green bond issuance and new evidence on the “greenium”," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 11(1), pages 1-24, March.
    22. K. Thomas Liaw, 2020. "Survey of Green Bond Pricing and Investment Performance," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 13(9), pages 1-12, August.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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