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The collateral channel: Evidence on leverage and asset tangibility

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  • Hall, Thomas W.

Abstract

We examine how asset structure is related to leverage in different institutional environments, using tens of thousands of firm-level observations from small, privately held, emerging market firms that are likely to face financing constraints. Our empirical analysis indicates that the linkage between asset tangibility (fixed assets as a portion of total assets) and leverage (measured as long-term debt over total assets) varies, such that in countries with fewer restrictions on collateral (land transferability), the relationship between these variables is much tighter. This also applies to the linkage between tangibility and debt maturity structure (measured as long-term debt over total debt). We find no evidence that industry concentration in different countries or changing composition of firms over time is driving our findings. The results are robust to using firm-level fixed effects specifications, to clustering error terms at the country level, and to using an alternative proxy for collateral law regime.

Suggested Citation

  • Hall, Thomas W., 2012. "The collateral channel: Evidence on leverage and asset tangibility," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 570-583.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:18:y:2012:i:3:p:570-583 DOI: 10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2011.12.003
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    2. Vithessonthi, Chaiporn & Tongurai, Jittima, 2015. "The effect of firm size on the leverage–performance relationship during the financial crisis of 2007–2009," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, pages 1-29.
    3. Thomas Hall & Frederick Joergensen, 2015. "Legal variation and capital structure: comparing listed and non-listed companies," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 511-543, December.
    4. Norden, Lars & van Kampen, Stefan, 2013. "Corporate leverage and the collateral channel," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5062-5072.
    5. Huang, Ronghong & Tan, Kelvin Jui Keng & Faff, Robert W., 2016. "CEO overconfidence and corporate debt maturity," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, pages 93-110.
    6. Yomna Abdulla & Viet Anh Dang & Arif Khurshed, 2016. "Debt maturity and initial public offerings," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 1129-1165, November.
    7. Hall, Thomas & Mateus, Cesario & Mateus, Irina Bezhentseva, 2014. "What determines cash holdings at privately held and publicly traded firms? Evidence from 20 emerging markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 104-116.
    8. Kara, Alper & Marques-Ibanez, David & Ongena, Steven, 2015. "Securitization and Credit Quality," International Finance Discussion Papers 1148, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    9. Hubert Tchakoute Tchuigoua, 2015. "Capital Structure of Microfinance Institutions," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, pages 313-340.
    10. Ebrahim, M. Shahid & Jaafar, Aziz & Omar, Fatma A. & Salleh, Murizah Osman, 2016. "Can Islamic injunctions indemnify the structural flaws of securitized debt?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, pages 271-286.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Collateral; Leverage; Debt maturity; Emerging markets; Asset tangibility;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • K20 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - General

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