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Inflation dynamics in Asia: Causes, changes, and spillovers from China

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  • Osorio, Carolina
  • Unsal, D. Filiz

Abstract

The perception that Asia's inflation dynamics are driven by idiosyncratic supply shocks implies, as a corollary, a limited scope for policy responses to inflationary pressures. However, Asia's fast growth and integration with the global economy in the last couple of decades suggest that the drivers of inflation may have changed. This paper presents a quantitative analysis of inflation dynamics in Asia using a Global VAR (GVAR) model, which explicitly incorporates trade and financial linkages among economies, as well as the role of regional and global inflationary spillovers. Our results suggest that over the past two decades, the main drivers of inflation in Asia have been monetary and supply shocks; but that, in recent years, the contribution of these shocks to the region's inflation has fallen. Domestic demand pressures, however, have played a larger role in driving inflation in Asia over the last decade. Moreover, economies in the region are exposed to notable inflation spillovers from China, both directly from higher imported goods prices and indirectly through higher commodity prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Osorio, Carolina & Unsal, D. Filiz, 2013. "Inflation dynamics in Asia: Causes, changes, and spillovers from China," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 26-40.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:asieco:v:24:y:2013:i:c:p:26-40
    DOI: 10.1016/j.asieco.2012.10.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Aviral Kumar Tiwari & Muhammad Shahbaz & Haslifah M. Hasim & Mohamed M. Elheddad, 2019. "Analysing the spillover of inflation in selected Euro-area countries," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 17(3), pages 551-577, September.
    3. Georgios Magkonis & Simon Rudkin, 2019. "Does Trilemma Speak Chinese?," Working Papers in Economics & Finance 2019-01, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth Business School, Economics and Finance Subject Group.
    4. Ha,Jongrim & Ivanova,Anna & Ohnsorge,Franziska Lieselotte & Unsal Portillo Ocando,Derya Filiz, 2019. "Inflation : Concepts, Evolution, and Correlates," Policy Research Working Paper Series 8738, The World Bank.
    5. Tan, Madeleine Sui-Lay, 2016. "Policy coordination among the ASEAN-5: A global VAR analysis," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 20-40.
    6. Pham, Thai-Binh & Sala, Hector, 2019. "The macroeconomic effects of oil price and risk-premium shocks on Vietnam: Evidence from an over-identifying SVAR analysis," MPRA Paper 96873, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Jul 2019.
    7. Nguyen, Anh D.M. & Dridi, Jemma & Unsal, Filiz D. & Williams, Oral H., 2017. "On the drivers of inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 71-84.
    8. Mohanty, Deepak & John, Joice, 2015. "Determinants of inflation in India," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 86-96.
    9. Nasir, Muhammad Ali & Huynh, Toan Luu Duc & Yarovaya, Larisa, 2020. "Inflation targeting & implications of oil shocks for inflation expectations in oil-importing and exporting economies: Evidence from three Nordic Kingdoms," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    10. Dridi, Jemma & Nguyen, Anh D. M., 2017. "Inflation Convergence In East African Countries," MPRA Paper 80393, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Nasir, Muhammad Ali & Duc Huynh, Toan Luu & Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2020. "Exchange rate pass-through & management of inflation expectations in a small open inflation targeting economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 178-188.
    12. Anna Sznajderska & Mariusz Kapuściński, 2020. "Macroeconomic spillover effects of the Chinese economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 992-1019, September.
    13. Alan Finkelstein Shapiro & Andres Gonzalez Gomez & Jessica Roldan-Pena & Victoria Nuguer, 2018. "Price Dynamics and the Financing Structure of Firms in Emerging Economies," 2018 Meeting Papers 339, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Kang, Sang Hoon & Lahmiri, Salim & Uddin, Gazi Salah & Arreola Hernandez, Jose & Yoon, Seong-Min, 2020. "Inflation cycle synchronization in ASEAN countries," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 545(C).
    15. Mohammad Mirbagherijam, 2014. "Survey the Dynamic of Inflation in Iran Since 1990," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(6), pages 210-224, June.
    16. Anna Sznajderska & Mariusz Kapuściński, 2019. "The spillover effects of Chinese economy on Southeast Asia and Oceania," NBP Working Papers 315, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation; Global VAR (GVAR); Monetary policy; Asian economies; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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