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Channelling The Nigeria’s Foreign Exchange Reserves into Alternative Investment Outlets: A Critical Analysis


  • Asimiyu Gbolagade Abiola

    (Research Division, National Institute for Legislative Studies,National Assembly, 14/18 Danube Street, Maitama, Abuja-Nigeria)

  • Francis Ojo Adebayo

    (Research Division, National Institute for Legislative Studies, National Assembly, 14/18 Danube Street, Maitama, Abuja-Nigeria)


In recent years, impressive price of crude oil has stimulated the accumulation of foreign exchange reserves in Nigeria. However, observers have expressed fears about the channels of utilisation of the reserves, especially to other alternatives investment outlets. This paper examines the cost-effective propositions of the foreign reserves in Nigeria, and considers alternative investment channels. The study uses data from publications of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Statistical Bulletin, Annual Reports and Statement of Accounts. It adopts the theory of demand for internationalreserves based on three motive notably transaction, precautionary and mercantilist. The study among others finds that Nigeria foreign reserve is adequate. The level of reserves to import satisfies the international benchmark etc. The study recommends among others the need to split foreign reserves into four portfolios. The liquidity portfolio, long-term portfolio or investment portfolio, immunization portfolio, and the petroleum fund buffer portfolio or sovereign wealth fund.

Suggested Citation

  • Asimiyu Gbolagade Abiola & Francis Ojo Adebayo, 2013. "Channelling The Nigeria’s Foreign Exchange Reserves into Alternative Investment Outlets: A Critical Analysis," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(4), pages 813-826.
  • Handle: RePEc:eco:journ1:2013-04-4

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Mohsin S. Khan, 1979. "Inflation and International Reserves: A Time-Series Analysis (Inflation et réserves internationales: analyse de séries chronologiques) (Inflación y reservas internacionales: Un análisis de series ," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 26(4), pages 699-724, December.
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    10. Levy-Yeyati, Eduardo & Sturzenegger, Federico, 2005. "Classifying exchange rate regimes: Deeds vs. words," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1603-1635, August.
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    12. Steven Radelet & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1998. "The East Asian Financial Crisis: Diagnosis, Remedies, Prospects," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 29(1), pages 1-90.
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    More about this item


    Foreign exchange reserve; investment outlet; gross domestic product;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • P45 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages


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