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Zentrale Resultate der Gesamtevaluation familienbezogener Leistungen

Author

Listed:
  • Holger Bonin
  • Anita Fichtl
  • Helmut Rainer
  • C. Katharina Spieß
  • Holger Stichnoth
  • Katharina Wrohlich

Abstract

Commissioned by the Federal Government, the "Overall Evaluation of Benefit Payments to Married Couples and Families" is the first study to systematically and comprehensively evaluate the key instruments of German family policy. The evaluation focused on the following family-policy goals: securing families' financial stability, better reconciliation of family and career, early support for children, fulfilling the desire to have children, and compensating for inequalities between families. Viewed as a whole, the findings of the evaluation studies conducted by the DIW Berlin, ifo, and ZEW primarily show that one measure stands out as not having any conflicting family-policy objectives - namely public funding of daycare for children. There should be further investment in this measure - current parent participation should be retained initially and used to improve quality. The parental leave benefit (Elterngeld) also cause hardly any goal conflicts and should be developed further in order to provide greater incentives for fair division of labor between the partners. A reform of income splitting within the income tax for married couples toward limited "real" income splitting (Realsplitting) could help generate more financial scope. Since child benefit has relatively weak effects on the goals analyzed, it should not be increased. Mit der von der Bundesregierung in Auftrag gegebenen "Gesamtevaluation ehe- und familienbezogener Leistungen" wurden erstmals zentrale Instrumente der deutschen Familienpolitik systematisch und umfassend evaluiert. Dabei wurden folgende familienpolitische Ziele vorgegeben: die Sicherung der wirtschaftlichen Stabilität der Familien, die bessere Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf, die frühe Förderung von Kindern, die Erfüllung von Kinderwünschen und der Nachteilsausgleich zwischen den Familien. Die Gesamtschau der Ergebnisse der Evaluationsstudien des DIW Berlin, ifo und ZEW zeigt, dass primär eine Maßnahme heraussticht, mit der keine familienpolitischen Zielkonflikte verbunden sind. Dies ist die öffentliche Finanzierung der Kindertagesbetreuung. In sie sollte weiter investiert werden - die bisherige Elternbeteiligung sollte zunächst beibehalten und für Verbesserungen der Qualität verwandt werden. Auch das Elterngeld verursacht kaum Zielkonflikte und sollte so weiterentwickelt werden, dass es mehr Anreize für eine partnerschaftliche Arbeitsteilung setzt. Finanzieller Spielraum könnte durch eine Reform des Ehegattensplittings hin zu einem gedeckelten Realsplitting gewonnen werden. Aufgrund relativ schwacher Effekte des Kindergeldes auf die analysierten Ziele sollte von einer Erhöhung dieser Leistung abgesehen werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Holger Bonin & Anita Fichtl & Helmut Rainer & C. Katharina Spieß & Holger Stichnoth & Katharina Wrohlich, 2013. "Zentrale Resultate der Gesamtevaluation familienbezogener Leistungen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(40), pages 3-13.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:80-40-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Viktor Steiner & Katharina Wrohlich, 2004. "Household Taxation, Income Splitting and Labor Supply Incentives – A Microsimulation Study for Germany," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 50(3), pages 541-568.
    2. Pia S. Schober & C. Katharina Spieß, 2012. "Frühe Förderung und Betreuung von Kindern: bedeutende Unterschiede bei der Inanspruchnahme besonders in den ersten Lebensjahren," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(43), pages 17-28.
    3. Stefan Bach & Johannes Geyer & Peter Haan & Katharina Wrohlich, 2011. "Reform des Ehegattensplittings: nur eine reine Individualbesteuerung erhöht die Erwerbsanreize deutlich," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 78(41), pages 13-19.
    4. Bonin, Holger & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reuß, Karsten & Stichnoth, Holger, 2013. "Mikrosimulation ausgewählter ehe- und familienbezogener Leistungen im Lebenszyklus: Gutachten für die Prognos AG. Forschungsbericht," ZEW Expertises, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research, number 111441, May.
    5. Richard Ochmann & Katharina Wrohlich, 2013. "Familiensplitting der CDU/CSU: Hohe Kosten bei geringer Entlastung für einkommensschwache Familien," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(36), pages 3-11.
    6. Helmut Rainer & Stefan Bauernschuster & Natalia Danzer & Anita Fichtl & Timo Hener & Christian Holzner & Janina Reinkowski, 2013. "Kindergeld und Kinderfreibeträge in Deutschland: Evaluierung der Auswirkungen auf familienpolitische Ziele," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(09), pages 28-36, April.
    7. Helmut Rainer & Stefan Bauernschuster & Wolfgang Auer & Natalia Danzer & Mine Hancioglu & Bastian Hartmann & Timo Hener & Christian Holzner & Notburga Ott & Janina Reinkowski & Martin Werding, 2013. "Kinderbetreuung," ifo Forschungsberichte, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 59, June.
      • Rainer, Helmut & Bauernschuster, Stefan & Auer, Wolfgang & Danzer, Natalia & Hancioglu, Mine & Hartmann, Bastian & Hener, Timo & Holzner, Christian & Ott, Notburga & Reinkowski, Janina & Werding, Mart, . "Kinderbetreuung," Monographs in Economics, University of Munich, Department of Economics, number 20678, November.
    8. Helmut Rainer & Wolfgang Auer & Stefan Bauernschuster & Natalia Danzer & Anita Fichtl & Timo Hener & Christian Holzner & Janina Reinkowski & Martin Werding, 2013. "Öffentlich geförderte Kinderbetreuung in Deutschland: Evaluierung der Auswirkungen auf die Arbeitsmarktbeteiligung von Müttern," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(07), pages 31-40, April.
    9. Mathis Schröder & Rainer Siegers & C. Katharina Spieß, 2013. ""Familien in Deutschland" - FiD: Enhancing Research on Families in Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 556, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    10. Stefan Bauernschuster & Timo Hener & Helmut Rainer, 2013. "Does Expanding Public Child Care Encourage Fertility? County-Level Evidence from Germany," ifo Working Paper Series 158, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
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    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Margit Schratzenstaller, 2015. "Family Benefits and Family Policy Tools in Selected European Countries," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 88(3), pages 195-209, March.
    2. repec:wfo:wstudy:60797 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Anna Busse & Christina Gathmann, 2018. "Free Daycare and Its Effects on Children and Their Families," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 958, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    4. repec:wfo:wstudy:50840 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mühlenkamp Holger, 2016. "Effizienzmessung und quantitative Instrumente zur Effizienzsteigerung im öffentlichen Sektor," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 17(2), pages 106-128, July.
    6. Busse, Anna & Gathmann, Christina, 2015. "The Effects of Free Childcare on Labor Supply and Children," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113078, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    7. Hermann Buslei & Katharina Wrohlich, 2014. "Besteuerung von Paaren: das Ehegattensplitting und seine Alternativen," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 21, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    8. Kai-Uwe Müller & C. Katharina Spieß & Katharina Wrohlich, 2014. "Kindertagesbetreuung: wie wird ihre Nutzung beeinflusst und was kann sie für die Entwicklung von Kindern bewirken?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 83(1), pages 49-67.
    9. Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der Gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung (ed.), 2015. "Zukunftsfähigkeit in den Mittelpunkt. Jahresgutachten 2015/16," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201516, April.
    10. Margit Schratzenstaller, 2015. "Family Benefits and Family Policy in Selected European Countries," WIFO Bulletin, WIFO, vol. 20(15), pages 166-179, September.
    11. repec:wfo:monber:y:2018:i:2:p:121-137 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Family policy; evaluation; child care; labor supply; family taxation;

    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H43 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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