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Öffentlich geförderte Kinderbetreuung in Deutschland: Evaluierung der Auswirkungen auf die Arbeitsmarktbeteiligung von Müttern

Author

Listed:
  • Helmut Rainer

    ()

  • Wolfgang Auer

    ()

  • Stefan Bauernschuster
  • Natalia Danzer

    ()

  • Anita Fichtl

    ()

  • Timo Hener

    ()

  • Christian Holzner

    ()

  • Janina Reinkowski
  • Martin Werding

Abstract

Die Förderung institutionalisierter Kinderbetreuung durch die öffentliche Hand ist eines der zentralen Elemente in der deutschen Familienpolitik der letzten 20 Jahre. Während bereits zum 1. Januar 1996 ein Rechtsanspruch auf Tagesbetreuung für Kinder ab dem vollendeten dritten Lebensjahr eingeführt wurde, rückte in den letzten Jahren die Tagesbetreuung für Kinder unter drei Jahren stärker in den Vordergrund. Am 1. August 2013 wird ein Rechtsanspruch auf einen Betreuungsplatz für alle Kinder vom vollendeten ersten bis zum vollendeten dritten Lebensjahr eingeführt. Auch im Bereich der Betreuung von Schulkindern gab es in den letzten Jahren Bewegung. So wurde im Rahmen des Investitionsprogramms »Zukunft Bildung und Betreuung« in den Jahren 2003 bis 2009 der Auf- und Ausbau von Ganztagesschulen durch Bund und Länder finanziell gefördert. Eine aktuelle Forschungsstudie des ifo Instituts, die die Auswirkungen von öffentlich geförderter Kinderbetreuung für Familien mit unter-dreijährigen Kindern, mit drei- und sechsjährigen Kindern und mit über-sechsjährigen Schulkindern untersucht hat, zeigt, dass sich die öffentliche Kinderbetreuung positiv auf die Arbeitsmarktbeteiligung von Müttern auswirkt. Die Kosten einer staatlich geförderten Kinderbetreuung finanzieren sich dabei größtenteils selbst.

Suggested Citation

  • Helmut Rainer & Wolfgang Auer & Stefan Bauernschuster & Natalia Danzer & Anita Fichtl & Timo Hener & Christian Holzner & Janina Reinkowski & Martin Werding, 2013. "Öffentlich geförderte Kinderbetreuung in Deutschland: Evaluierung der Auswirkungen auf die Arbeitsmarktbeteiligung von Müttern," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(07), pages 31-40, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:66:y:2013:i:07:p:31-40
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Holger Bonin & Anita Fichtl & Helmut Rainer & C. Katharina Spieß & Holger Stichnoth & Katharina Wrohlich, 2013. "Zentrale Resultate der Gesamtevaluation familienbezogener Leistungen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(40), pages 3-13.
    2. Holger Bonin & Reinhold Schnabel & Holger Stichnoth, 2014. "Zur Effizienz der ehe- und familienbezogenen Leistungen in Deutschland im Hinblick auf soziale Sicherungs- und Beschäftigungsziele," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 83(1), pages 29-48.
    3. Holger Bonin & Anita Fichtl & Helmut Rainer & C. Katharina Spieß & Holger Stichnoth & Katharina Wrohlich, 2013. "Lehren für die Familienpolitik – Zentrale Resultate der Gesamtevaluation familienbezogener Leistungen," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(18), pages 22-30, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Kinderbetreuung; Kinderbetreuungseinrichtung; Weibliche Arbeitskräfte; Frauenerwerbstätigkeit; Familienpolitik; Arbeitsmarkt; Mütter; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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