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Demografía, juventud y homicidios en Colombia, 1979-2006

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  • Mejía, Leonardo Bonilla

Abstract

Resumen: Durante los anos sesenta la población colombiana creció a tasas históricamente altas, los ninos y ninas nacidos durante este periodo se hicieron jóvenes adultos en las décadas de los ochenta y noventa, anos en los cuales más homicidios se cometieron en la historia reciente del país. Este documento busca esclarecer si existe alguna relación entre estos dos fenómenos, y en particular, si la mayor proporción de jóvenes pudo causar mayores tasas de homicidio. Para esto, se emplea información de población y víctimas de homicidio, desagregada por grupos de edad; además, se consideran dos mecanismos a través de los cuáles un cambio demográfico de esta naturaleza puede influir sobre los homicidios: el efecto de composición y el efecto específico de edad.Abstract: During the sixties, Colombian population grew faster than ever. Children that were born during that particular period became young adults in the decades of the eighties and nineties, the same years in which homicide rates reached historical maximums. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the relationship between these two phenomena. Can the explosive increases in homicide rates be attributed to demographic change? Cohort-level data on population and homicide victims is used to explore two mechanisms through which population forces could affect homicide rates; these mechanisms are composition effect and age-specific effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Mejía, Leonardo Bonilla, 2010. "Demografía, juventud y homicidios en Colombia, 1979-2006," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, CIE, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000174:007353
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Homicidio; demografía; juventud; falacia ecológica; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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