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Costos de la violencia urbana y políticas públicas: algunas lecciones de Medellín

  • Carlos Medina

    ()

  • Christian Posso

    ()

  • Jorge Andrés Tamayo

    ()

Este artículo describe la evolución y los principales determinantes de los homicidios en Medellín en los últimos 30 años, destacando el papel del narcotráfico en la financiación del crimen organizado presente en Medellín y otras ciudades del país y América Latina. Se enumeran y cuantifican varios de los principales costos sociales del crimen, enfatizando los costos sociales asociados a la vida diaria de los jóvenes de los barrios en conflicto, que en Medellín podrían abarcar a más de la mitad de la población, y los costos en dimensiones más amplias como la satisfacción con la vida. Se resaltan los efectos perdurables sobre la tasa de homicidios de la ciudad que tuvo el proceso de desmovilización de paramilitares, a pesar de la rápida capacidad que tiene el crimen organizado de reinventarse y reactivarse. La reevaluación de una intervención militar masiva orientada a erradicar grupos delincuenciales de una zona de la ciudad, denominada Operación Orión, revela que la misma solamente habría disminuido la tasa de homicidios en el corto plazo. No obstante los altos costos que gran parte de la ciudadanía paga por cuenta del conflicto, se describe la falta de sensibilización a la ciudadanía por parte de los hacedores de política, y las consecuencias que esta situación implica en la construcción de consensos en torno al salto en intervenciones que se requiere dar para enfrentar la situación.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 009076.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 10 Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:009076
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  1. Alex Michalos & Bruno Zumbo, 2000. "Criminal Victimization and the Quality of Life," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 245-295, June.
  2. Alejandro Gaviria & Carlos Medina & Leonardo Morales & Jairo Núñez, 2010. "The Cost of Avoiding Crime: The Case of Bogotá," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of Crime: Lessons for and from Latin America, pages 101-132 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Alejandro Gaviria & Carlos Medina & Jorge Tamayo, 2010. "Assessing the Link between Adolescent Fertility and Urban Crime," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006860, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. Soares, Rodrigo R., 2006. "The welfare cost of violence across countries," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 821-846, September.
  5. Bernard M.S. van Praag & Néstor Gandelman & Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell & Andrés Ham & Eduardo Lora & Martín Tetaz & Carlos Medina & Pablo Sanguinetti & Guillermo Cruces & Giorgina Piani & Lorena Alcázar &, 2010. "The Quality of Life in Latin American Cities: Markets and Perception," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 60258 edited by Bernard M.S. van Praag & Eduardo Lora & Pablo Sanguinetti & Andrew Powell, April.
  6. Leonardo Morales, 2013. "Peers Effects on a Fertility Decision: an Application for Medellín Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 010975, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  7. Carlos Medina & Christian Posso & Jorge Andrés Tamayo, 2011. "Costos de la violencia urbana y políticas públicas: algunas lecciones de Medellín," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009076, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Powdthavee, Nattavudh, 2003. "Unhappiness and Crime : Evidence from South Africa," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 685, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  9. Carlos Medina & Jorge Andrés Tamayo Author-Email jtamayca@banrep.gov.co, . "An Assessment of How Urban Crime and Victimization Affects Life Satisfaction," Borradores de Economia 640, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  10. Mark A. Cohen, 2008. "The Effect of Crime on Life Satisfaction," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(S2), pages S325-S353, 06.
  11. repec:idb:brikps:60258 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 2000. "Well-Being Over Time in Britain and the USA," NBER Working Papers 7487, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Rodrigo Reis Soares, 2010. "Welfare Costs of Crime and Common Violence: A Critical Review," Textos para discussão 581, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  14. Clark, Andrew E & Oswald, Andrew J, 1994. "Unhappiness and Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(424), pages 648-59, May.
  15. Rodrigo R. Soares & Joana Naritomi, 2010. "Understanding High Crime Rates in Latin America: The Role of Social and Policy Factors," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of Crime: Lessons for and from Latin America, pages 19-55 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Gaviria, Alejandro, 2000. "Increasing returns and the evolution of violent crime: the case of Colombia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 1-25, February.
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