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Demografía, juventud y homicidios en Colombia, 1979-2006

  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía


En este documento se busca esclarecer si el hecho de que entre 1979 y 2006, Colombia tuvo una mayor proporción de jóvenes en la población total, contribuyó a que hubiera mayores tasas de homicidio. Tal hipótesis se ha estudiado en otros países del mundo, pero ha recibido poca atención en nuestro país. Lo que se observó en este periodo fue una relación positiva y significativa entre el porcentaje de jóvenes en la población total y la tasa de homicidio. Para verificar hasta qué punto son los cambios demográficos los responsables del aumento en los homicidios, se empleó información de población y homicidios, desagregada por grupos de edad. Dos mecanismos a través de los cuales un cambio demográfico de esta naturaleza puede influir sobre los homicidios son considerados: el efecto de composición y el efecto específico de edad.

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Date of creation: 30 Oct 2009
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:005941
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  1. Joshua D. Angrist & Adriana D. Kugler, 2008. "Rural Windfall or a New Resource Curse? Coca, Income, and Civil Conflict in Colombia," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(2), pages 191-215, May.
  2. Rodrigo R. Soares & Joana Naritomi, 2010. "Understanding High Crime Rates in Latin America: The Role of Social and Policy Factors," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of Crime: Lessons for and from Latin America, pages 19-55 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2009. "Revisión de la literatura económica reciente sobre las causas de la violencia homicida en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 005733, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. John M. Nunley & Richard Alan Seals & Joachim Zietz, 2010. "Demographic Change, Macroeconomic Conditions, and the Murder Rate: The Case of the United States, 1934 to 2006," Auburn Economics Working Paper Series auwp2010-04, Department of Economics, Auburn University.
  5. Jairo Núñez & Fabio Sánchez & François Bourguignon, 2003. "What Part Of The Income Distribution Matters For Explaining Property Crime? The Case Of Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003775, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  6. repec:pra:mprapa:16315 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Juan D. Barón, 2009. "El homicidio en los tiempos del Plan Colombia," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 005734, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  8. Gaviria, Alejandro, 1998. "Increasing Returns and the Evolution of Violent Crime: The Case of Columbia," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt6x42726z, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  9. María Teresa Ramírez G. & Juana Patricia Téllez C., . "La educación primaria y secundaria en Colombia en el siglo XX," Borradores de Economia 379, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  10. João Manoel Pinho de Mello & Alexandre Schneider, 2007. "Age Structure Explaining a Large Shift in Homicides: The Case of the State of São Paulo," Textos para discussão 549, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
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