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Analyzing the Exchange Rate Pass-through in Mexico: Evidence Post Inflation Targeting Implementation

Listed author(s):
  • Sylvia Beatriz Guillermo Peón

    ()

  • Martín Alberto Rodríguez Brindis

This paper presents an analysis of the exchange rate pass-through mechanism for the Mexican economy after the formal adoption of inflation targeting policy. In particular, this research work analyzes how a change in the nominal exchange rate depreciation is transmitted to domestic prices along the distribution chain of pricing. The analysis is carried out using a recursive Structural Vector Autorregression with exogenous variables (recursive SVAR-X) model, which aims at the estimation of structural impulse-response-functions as a tool to analyze the degree and speed of the effect of exchange rate depreciation changes on domestic prices. Additionally, variance decompositions are computed to capture the relative importance of exchange rate depreciation shocks in explaining inflation fluctuations. Our results show that, for the period of analysis (after the formal adoption of inflation targeting in Mexico), the exchange rate pass-through to consumer prices is quite small and fast and exchange rate surprises are not relevant to explain consumer price inflation variation. ****** Este trabajo de investigación presenta un análisis del mecanismo de traspaso de movimientos del tipo de cambio para la economía mexicana después de la implementación formal de la política de objetivos de inflación. En particular, este trabajo de investigación analiza cómo un cambio en la tasa de depreciación del tipo de cambio nominal se transmite a los precios locales a lo largo de la cadena de precios. El análisis se lleva a cabo utilizando un modelo VAR estructural recursivo con una variable exógena (SVAR-X), cuyo objetivo es la estimación de las funciones impulso-respuesta estructurales como una herramienta para analizar el grado y la rapidez de los efectos en los precios por los cambios en la depreciación del tipo de cambio. Además, la descomposición de varianzas se lleva a cabo para captar la importancia que los choques en la depreciación del tipo de cambio tienen en las fluctuaciones de la tasa de inflación. Nuestros resultados muestran que, para el periodo de análisis (después de la adopción de la política de objetivos de inflación en México), el traspaso del tipo de cambio a los precios del consumidor es muy pequeño y rápido y que las sorpresas en el tipo de cambio no son relevantes para explicar la variación de la inflación en precios al consumidor.

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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): 32 (2014)
Issue (Month): 74 (June)
Pages: 18-35

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:012394
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  1. Brüggemann, Ralf & Krolzig, Hans-Martin & Lütkepohl, Helmut, 2002. "Comparison of model reduction methods for VAR processes," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2002,80, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  2. Burstein, Ariel T. & Neves, Joao C. & Rebelo, Sergio, 2003. "Distribution costs and real exchange rate dynamics during exchange-rate-based stabilizations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(6), pages 1189-1214, September.
  3. Jeffrey Frankel & David Parsley & Shang-Jin Wei, 2012. "Slow Pass-through Around the World: A New Import for Developing Countries?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 213-251, April.
  4. Nkunde Mwase, 2006. "An Empirical Investigation of the Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Inflation in Tanzania," IMF Working Papers 06/150, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Peersman, Gert & Smets, Frank, 2001. "The monetary transmission mechanism in the euro area: more evidence from VAR analysis," Working Paper Series 0091, European Central Bank.
  6. José Manuel Campa & Linda S. Goldberg, 2005. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Import Prices," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(4), pages 679-690, November.
  7. Taylor, John B., 2000. "Low inflation, pass-through, and the pricing power of firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(7), pages 1389-1408, June.
  8. Christiano, Lawrence J. & Eichenbaum, Martin & Evans, Charles L., 1999. "Monetary policy shocks: What have we learned and to what end?," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 65-148 Elsevier.
  9. Choudhri, Ehsan U. & Hakura, Dalia S., 2006. "Exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices: Does the inflationary environment matter?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 614-639, June.
  10. Devereux, Michael B. & Yetman, James, 2010. "Price adjustment and exchange rate pass-through," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 181-200, February.
  11. Armandobaqueiro & Alejandro Diaz Deleon & Albertotorres, 2003. "¿Temor A La Flotacióno Al Inflación? La Importancia Del Traspaso Del Tipo De Cambio A Losprecios," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 21(44), pages 64-94, December.
  12. Ramos-Francia, Manuel & Torres, Alberto, 2008. "Inflation dynamics in Mexico: A characterization using the New Phillips curve," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 274-289, December.
  13. Peter Rowland, 2004. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through To Domestic Prices: The Case Of Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 22(47), pages 106-125, December.
  14. Choudhri, Ehsan U. & Faruqee, Hamid & Hakura, Dalia S., 2005. "Explaining the exchange rate pass-through in different prices," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 349-374, March.
  15. Sergio Ocampo & Norberto Rodríguez, 2011. "An Introductory Review of a Structural VAR-X Estimation and Applications," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009200, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  16. Carlos Capistrán & Manuel Ramos-Francia, 2010. "Does Inflation Targeting Affect the Dispersion of Inflation Expectations?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(1), pages 113-134, 02.
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