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Credit Market Shocks, Monetary Policy, and Economic Fluctuations

Author

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  • Alberto Ortiz Bolaños

    (Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos (CEMLA))

Abstract

This paper uses a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with credit market imperfections to estimate the role of credit market shocks and monetary policy in us business cycles. The estimated model captures much of the historical narrative regarding the conduct of monetary policy and developments in financial markets that led to episodes of financial excess and distress over the last two decades. The estimation suggests that credit market shocks are an important factor behind economic fluctuations accounting for 15% of the variance in real output since 1985. In addition, we find that once credit market imperfections are considered, monetary policy is also an important force behind real output fluctuations explaining 12.5% of its variance.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto Ortiz Bolaños, 2013. "Credit Market Shocks, Monetary Policy, and Economic Fluctuations," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 317-369, July-Dece.
  • Handle: RePEc:cml:moneta:v:i:y:2013:i:2:p:317-369
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bernanke, Ben S. & Gertler, Mark & Gilchrist, Simon, 1999. "The financial accelerator in a quantitative business cycle framework," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 21, pages 1341-1393 Elsevier.
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    Cited by:

    1. Occhino, Filippo & Pescatori, Andrea, 2015. "Debt overhang in a business cycle model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 58-84.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial accelerator; monetary policy; dsge models; Bayesian estimation.;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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