Spesa pubblica e criminalità organizzata in Italia: evidenza empirica su dati Panel nel periodo 1997-2003
[ENGLISH]This work presents original results regarding the relationship between economic life and organised crime in Italy. This empirical study is underpinned by some theoretical insights drawn from conflict and rent-seeking theories. Then the paper presents a panel analysis including the twenty Italian regions over the period 1997-2003. The results show that : (a) a significant positive association does exist between investments in real estate sector and the index of organised crime; (b) a significant positive association does exist between public investments and the index of organised crime index; (c) a significant negative association does exist between social protection expenditures and the index of organised crime; (d) a significant negative association does exist between investments in private investments and the index of organised crime. [ITALIAN] In questo lavoro si presentano risultati nuovi inerenti al legame tra sistema economico e criminalità organizzata. Sulla base di alcuni intuizioni teoriche derivate dalle teoria economiche del rent-seeking e dei conflitti, è stata costruita un’analisi panel per le 20 regioni italiane nel periodo 1997-2003. I risultati dell’analisi empirica mostrano che: (a) esiste un’associazione positiva significativa tra gli investimenti nel settore delle costruzioni e l’indice di criminalità organizzata; (b) Esiste una associazione positiva significativa tra gli investimenti della pubblica amministrazione e l’indice di criminalità organizzata; (c) Esiste un’associazione negativa significativa tra la spesa per protezione sociale e l’indice di criminalità organizzata; (d) Esiste un’associazione negativa significativa tra gli investimenti in industria in senso stretto e l’indice di criminalità organizzata.
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