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Politiques du marché du travail et négociations par branches d'activité dans un modèle d'appariement

  • Olivier L’Haridon
  • Franck Malherbet

Dans la plupart des pays européens, la redéfinition du contrat de travail et de ses modalités de rupture est au cœur des débats contemporains de politique économique de marché du travail. Ces débats s’appuient sur l’imposante littérature consacrée aux liens entre protection de l’emploi et performance du marché du travail développée au cours des dix dernières années. Toutefois, une source de divergence importante entre les marchés du travail européens, le degré de centralisation des négociations salariales, a été curieusement éludée dans la plupart de ces études. L’objet de cet article, est précisément d’envisager d’un point de vue théorique la nature des interactions entre politiques du marché du travail et niveaux de négociation. Dans cette perspective, nous développons un modèle dynamique du marché du travail dans la lignée des travaux Pissarides (2000) intégrant différentes branches d’activité. Notre analyse montre que dans ce cadre de référence, les négociations de branche conduisent systématiquement à une allocation inefficace des ressources. Il existe alors une justification explicite à l’introduction des politiques d’emploi. Nous montrons alors qu’un ensemble de politiques, notamment fiscales et de protection de l’emploi est susceptible d’assurer l’équivalence entre équilibre de branches et optimum.

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Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Recherches économiques de Louvain.

Volume (Year): 75 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 183-228

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reldbu:rel_752_0183
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