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Explaining Plant Exit in the U.S. Meat and Poultry Industries


  • Muth Mary K

    (Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle ParK, North Carolina, USA)

  • Wohlgenant Michael K

    (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA)

  • Karns Shawn A

    (Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle ParK, North Carolina, USA)

  • Anderson Donald W

    (Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle ParK, North Carolina, USA)


Recent U.S. pathogen reduction and HACCP food safety regulations, which increased the costs of producing meat and poultry products, may have affected the rate of plant exit during the 1996 to early 2000 time period over which the regulations were implemented. We estimate and compare probit models for U.S. federally inspected meat slaughter (920 plants), poultry slaughter (280 plants), and meat and poultry processing-only (4,300 plants) plants to determine which factors most contributed to the probability of plant exit. The factors we consider include plant-level, company-level, and regional-level characteristics and regional supply conditions. Although plant size affected the probability of exit for slaughter plants, it did not affect exit for processing-only plants. Other variables, such as measures of market structure and competition, have different effects for each of the industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Muth Mary K & Wohlgenant Michael K & Karns Shawn A & Anderson Donald W, 2003. "Explaining Plant Exit in the U.S. Meat and Poultry Industries," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-23, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bjafio:v:1:y:2003:i:1:n:7

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    Cited by:

    1. Glynn T. Tonsor & Ted C. Schroeder & Joost M. E. Pennings & James Mintert, 2009. "Consumer Valuations of Beef Steak Food Safety Enhancement in Canada, Japan, Mexico, and the United States," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 57(3), pages 395-416, September.
    2. repec:eee:jfpoli:v:74:y:2018:i:c:p:23-38 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Tengying Weng & Tomislav Vukina & Xiaoyong Zheng, 2015. "The Effects of Productvity and Demand-Specific Factors on Plant Survival and Ownership Change in the U.S. Poultry Industry," Working Papers 15-20, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.

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