Rising Wages: Has China Lost Its Global Labor Advantage?
We document dramatic rising wages in China for the period 1978-2007 based on multiple sources of aggregate statistics. Although real wages increased seven-fold during the period, growth was uneven across ownership types, industries and regions. Over the past decade, the wages of state-owned enterprises have increased rapidly and wage disparities between skill-intensive and labour-intensive industries have widened. Comparisons of international data show that China's manufacturing wage has already converged to that of Asian emerging markets, but China still enjoys enormous labour cost advantages over its neighbouring developed economies. Our analysis suggests that China's wage growth will stabilize to a moderate pace in the near future. Copyright 2010 The Authors. Pacific Economic Review 2010 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
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Volume (Year): 15 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
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