What Underpins Occupational Success? Race, Access, and Reward in Professional and Managerial Jobs in Australia
The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors underpinning occupational success. This is defined, first, in terms of the chances of obtaining professional and managerial jobs and then, having secured such jobs, in terms of the monetary rewards received. The study is based on unit record data from the Australian Census of Population for 2001 and it places particular emphasis on the role of race and ethnicity in determining occupational success. It argues that the role of race in determining labour market advantage in Australia changed significantly between 1996 and 2001. In 1996, being born in Australia, or in one of the old Commonwealth countries, was very important in conferring advantage in the labour market. In 2001, this was no longer a factor. Asian men and women outperformed Australian and (old) Commonwealth born persons, sometimes in terms of access to professional and managerial jobs, sometimes in terms of the rewards attached to such jobs, and sometimes in terms of both access and rewards. Copyright 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation CEIS, Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2007.
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Volume (Year): 21 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4-5 (December)
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