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Public Information, IPO Price Formation, and Long-Run Returns: Japanese Evidence

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  • KENJI KUTSUNA
  • JANET KIHOLM SMITH
  • RICHARD L. SMITH

Abstract

The price formation process of JASDAQ IPOs is more transparent than in the United States. The transparency facilitates analysis of important issues in the IPO literature-why offer prices only partially adjust to public information and adjust more fully to negative information, and why adjustments are related to initial returns. The evidence indicates that early price information conveys the underwriter's commitment to compensate investors for acquiring and/or disclosing information. Offer prices reflect pre-IPO market values of public companies and implicit agreements between underwriters and issuers that originate well before the offering. Underadjustment of offer prices is substantially reversed in the aftermarket. Copyright (c) 2009 The American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenji Kutsuna & Janet Kiholm Smith & Richard L. Smith, 2009. "Public Information, IPO Price Formation, and Long-Run Returns: Japanese Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 64(1), pages 505-546, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:64:y:2009:i:1:p:505-546
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    Cited by:

    1. Bao, Xiaolu & Johan, Sofia & Kutsuna, Kenji, 2016. "Do political connections matter in accessing capital markets? Evidence from China," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 24-41.
    2. repec:eee:jfinin:v:32:y:2017:i:c:p:60-75 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hanley, Kathleen Weiss & Hoberg, Gerard, 2012. "Litigation risk, strategic disclosure and the underpricing of initial public offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 235-254.
    4. repec:eee:corfin:v:44:y:2017:i:c:p:34-47 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Fabio Bertoni & Matteo Bonaventura & Giancarlo Giudici, 2013. "The allotment of IPO shares: placing strategies between retail versus institutional investors," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research on IPOs, chapter 10, pages 207-218 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Dorsman, André & Gounopoulos, Dimitrios, 2013. "European Sovereign Debt Crisis and the performance of Dutch IPOs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 308-319.
    7. Chang, Hsiu-Hua & Chen, Anlin & Kao, Lanfeng & Wu, Chin-Shun, 2014. "IPO price discovery efficiency under alternative regulatory constraints: Taiwan, Hong Kong and the U.S," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 83-96.
    8. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:295-313 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Randall Morck & Bernard Yeung, 2017. "East Asian Financial and Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 23845, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Jiang, Li & Li, Gao, 2013. "Investor sentiment and IPO pricing during pre-market and aftermarket periods: Evidence from Hong Kong," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 65-82.
    11. Feng, Xunan & Johansson, Anders C., 2016. "Judging a Book by Its Cover: Analysts and Attention-Driven Price Patterns in China’s IPO Market," Stockholm School of Economics Asia Working Paper Series 2016-39, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm China Economic Research Institute.
    12. Bakke, Einar & Leite, Tore E. & Thorburn, Karin S., 2010. "Public information and IPO underpricing," Discussion Papers 2010/6, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science.
    13. Banerjee, Suman & Dai, Lili & Shrestha, Keshab, 2011. "Cross-country IPOs: What explains differences in underpricing?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 1289-1305.
    14. Chang, Chih-Hsiang & Lin, Shih-Jia, 2015. "The effects of national culture and behavioral pitfalls on investors' decision-making: Herding behavior in international stock markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 380-392.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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