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Revisiting the European Monetary System Experience: Were Some Members More Equal than Others?

Listed author(s):
  • Lorenzo Bini Smaghi
  • Giovanni Ferri

Difficulties in implementing effective liquidity support - to counter speculative attacks - may partly explain why regional exchange rate agreements crawl regional trade integration. Our novel analysis of the European Monetary System confirms that liquidity support was provided under the discretion of the anchor country (Germany), and was indeed asymmetric across member countries and/or periods. In particular, it was less forthcoming (i) to countries further away from Germany (less politically influential there), (ii) to larger countries (interfering more with the Bundesbank's monetary control) and (iii) during periods when German inflation accelerated (and the Bundesbank needed a firmer grip on liquidity). Copyright 2006 The Author Journal compilation 2006 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA

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Article provided by Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA in its journal Economic Notes.

Volume (Year): 35 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (07)
Pages: 151-172

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ecnote:v:35:y:2006:i:2:p:151-172
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