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Vulnerability of Vietnamese Elderly to Poverty: Determinants and Policy Implications

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  • Long T. Giang
  • Wade D. Pfau

Abstract

We identify determinants of elderly poverty in Vietnam using household survey data from 2004. The elderly living in urban and rural areas face significantly different conditions. Some factors impact poverty in both urban and rural areas (e.g. age, marital status, region and remittance receipts), some factors are insignificant in both areas (e.g. living arrangements and household head characteristics) and some factors have a differing impact in the two areas (e.g. gender, ethnicity, and household composition and size). With these findings, we formulate policy priorities, including reducing regional disparities, promoting the rural economy and reforming social security. Copyright 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation 2009 East Asian Economic Association and Blackwell Publishing Ltd..

Suggested Citation

  • Long T. Giang & Wade D. Pfau, 2009. "Vulnerability of Vietnamese Elderly to Poverty: Determinants and Policy Implications ," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 23(4), pages 419-437, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:asiaec:v:23:y:2009:i:4:p:419-437
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    Cited by:

    1. Social Policy and Population Section, Social Development Division, ESCAP., 2011. "Asia-Pacific Population Journal Volume 26, No. 2," Asia-Pacific Population Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 26(2), pages 1-92, June.
    2. Cuong Nguyen & Vu Linh & Thang Nguyen, 2013. "Urban poverty in Vietnam: determinants and policy implications," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 12(2), pages 110-139, June.
    3. Giang, Long Thanh & Pfau, Wade Donald, 2009. "A Gender Perspective on Elderly Work in Vietnam," MPRA Paper 24946, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:spr:ariqol:v:12:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11482-016-9500-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. La, Hai Anh & Xu, Ying, 2017. "Remittances, social security, and the crowding-out effect: Evidence from Vietnam," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 42-59.
    6. Christophe Guilmoto & Myriam de Loenzien, 2015. "Emerging, transitory or residual? One-person households in Viet Nam," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 32(42), pages 1147-1176, June.
    7. Quang Tran, Tuyen & Quy Nguyen, Thanh & Vu Van, Huong & Thanh Doan, Tinh, 2015. "Religiosity and life satisfaction among old people: Evidence from a transitional country," MPRA Paper 81360, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Jun 2015.
    8. Pfau, Wade Donald & Giang, Thanh Long, 2009. "Remittances, Living Arrangements, and the Welfare of the Elderly," MPRA Paper 19121, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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