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Urban Poverty in Vietnam: Determinants and Policy Implications

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  • Nguyen Viet, Cuong
  • Vu Hoang, Linh
  • Nguyen, Thang

Abstract

This study examines the profile and determinants of poverty in the two largest cities in Vietnam – Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh. Data used in this study are from the 2009 Urban Poverty Survey. Using the poverty line of 12,000 thousand VND/year, the poverty incidence is estimated at 17.4 percent for Hanoi and 12.5 percent for Ho Chi Minh (HCM) city. There is a large proportion of the poor who are found stochastically poor. Hanoi has higher rates of structurally poverty than HCM city. The proportion of structurally poor and stochastically non-poor is rather small. Overall, the poor have fewer assets than the non-poor. The poor also have poorer housing conditions, especially they have much lower access to tap water than the non-poor. Heads of the poor households tend to have lower education and unskilled works than the heads of the non-poor households.

Suggested Citation

  • Nguyen Viet, Cuong & Vu Hoang, Linh & Nguyen, Thang, 2010. "Urban Poverty in Vietnam: Determinants and Policy Implications," MPRA Paper 40767, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40767
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/40767/1/MPRA_paper_40767.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Glewwe, Paul, 1991. "Investigating the determinants of household welfare in Cote d'Ivoire," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 307-337, April.
    2. Long T. Giang & Wade D. Pfau, 2009. "Vulnerability of Vietnamese Elderly to Poverty: Determinants and Policy Implications ," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 23(4), pages 419-437, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Do, Thu Trang & Le, Hai Chau & Nguyen, Viet Cuong & Nguyen, Hong Thuy & Phung, Thanh Thu & Phung, Duc Tung, 2013. "Impact Assessment of Poverty Reduction Programs of Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam," MPRA Paper 52876, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Urban poverty; income; expenditure; household survey; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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