Skilled labor flows : lessons from the European Union
AbstractThis study evaluates European Union (EU) experience of the mobility of skilled labor migrants after the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements and from the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) countries. The study concludes that migration generally improves the allocated efficiency of labor markets and there is little if any evidence of statistically significant or economically relevant negative aggregate effects of migration on receiving labor markets. While outflow of young and skilled workers may pose risks to sending countries'economic prospects and public finance, circular migration, brain gain, and remittances attenuate such risks, and have the potential to become powerful engines of convergence. Obstructive legislation and ill-designed migration policies impede migration and deprive sending and receiving of such potential benefits.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 75529.
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2013
Date of revision:
Population Policies; Labor Markets; Labor Policies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-03-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2013-03-09 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-LAB-2013-03-09 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2013-03-09 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-TRA-2013-03-09 (Transition Economics)
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- Brian Fabo & Martin Kahanec, 2013.
"Migration strategies of the crisis-stricken youth in an enlarged European Union,"
6, Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI).
- Kahanec, Martin & Fabo, Brian, 2013. "Migration Strategies of the Crisis-Stricken Youth in an Enlarged European Union," IZA Discussion Papers 7285, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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