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Meta-Analysis of Empirical Evidence on the Labour Market Impacts of Immigration

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Author Info

  • Longhi, Simonetta

    ()
    (ISER, University of Essex)

  • Nijkamp, Peter

    ()
    (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Poot, Jacques

    ()
    (University of Waikato)

Abstract

The increasing proportion of immigrants in the population of many countries has raised concerns about the ‘absorption capacity’ of the labour market, and fuelled extensive empirical research in countries that attract migrants. In previous papers we synthesized the conclusions of this empirical literature by means of meta-analyses of the impact of immigration on wages and employment of native-born workers. While we have shown that the labour market impacts in terms of wages and employment are rather small, the sample of studies available to generate comparable effect sizes was severely limited by the heterogeneity in study approaches. In the present paper, we take an encompassing approach and consider a broad range of labour market outcomes: wages, employment, unemployment and labour force participation. We compare 45 primary studies published between 1982 and 2007 for a total of 1,572 effect sizes. We trichotomise the various labour market outcomes as benefiting, harming or not affecting the native born, and use an ordered probit model to assess the relationship between this observed impact and key study characteristics such as type of country, methodology, period of investigation and type of migrant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3418.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Région et Développement, 2008, 27(1), 161-191
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3418

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Keywords: comparative research; factor substitution; labour market; immigration; meta-analysis;

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References

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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Immigration caps: irrational & unimaginative
    by chris dillow in Stumbling and Mumbling on 2008-09-10 08:52:29
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Cited by:
  1. E. J. Wilson & K. Jayanthakumaran & R. Verma, 2012. "Demographics, Labor Mobility, and Productivity," Labor Economics Working Papers 23348, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  2. Sari Pekkala, 2005. "Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey," Discussion Papers 362, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  3. de la Rica, Sara & Glitz, Albrecht & Ortega, Francesc, 2013. "Immigration in Europe: Trends, Policies and Empirical Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 7778, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Giovanni Peri & Chad Sparber, 2010. "Assessing Inherent Model Bias: An Application to Native Displacement in Response to Immigration," NBER Working Papers 16332, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011. "The Economic Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market of Host Countries - Meta-Analytic Evidence," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-103/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Rob Hodgson & Jacques Poot, 2011. "New Zealand Research on the Economic Impacts of Immigration 2005-2010: Synthesis and Research Agenda," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1104, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  7. Herbert Brücker & Elke Jahn & Richard Upward, 2012. "Migration and Imperfect Labor Markets: Theory and Cross-country Evidence from Denmark, Germany and the UK," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2012020, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  8. S. Longhi & P. Nijkamp & J. Poot, 2010. "Joint impacts of immigration on wages and employment: review and meta-analysis," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 355-387, December.
  9. Brücker, Herbert & Fachin, Stefano & Venturini, Alessandra, 2011. "Do foreigners replace native immigrants? A panel cointegration analysis of internal migration in Italy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 1078-1089, May.
  10. repec:dgr:uvatin:2009047 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Roland Aeppli & Martin Gassebner, 2008. "Auswirkungen der Personenfreizügigkeit auf die Schweiz," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 2(4), pages 23-34, December.
  12. Brücker, Herbert & Hauptmann, Andreas & Jahn, Elke J. & Upward, Richard, 2014. "Migration and imperfect labor markets: Theory and cross-country evidence from Denmark, Germany and the UK," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 205-225.

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