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Migration in an Enlarged EU: A Challenging Solution?

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  • Kahanec, Martin

    ()
    (Central European University)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA and University of Bonn)

Abstract

The 2004 and 2007 enlargements of the European Union were unprecedented in a number of economic and policy aspects. This essay provides a broad and in-depth account of the effects of the post-enlargement migration flows on the receiving as well as sending countries in three broader areas: labour markets, welfare systems, and growth and competitiveness. Our analysis of the available literature and empirical evidence shows that (i) EU enlargement had a significant impact on migration flows from new to old member states, (ii) restrictions applied in some of the countries did not stop migrants from coming but changed the composition of the immigrants, (iii) any negative effects in the labour market on wages or employment are hard to detect, (iv) post-enlargement migration contributes to growth prospects of the EU, (v) these immigrants are strongly attached to the labour market, and (vi) they are quite unlikely to be among welfare recipients. These findings point out the difficulties that restrictions on the free movement of workers bring about.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3913.

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Length: 58 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published by the European Commission as Economic Paper 363 , March 2009; and in: Filip Keereman and István Pál Székely (eds.), Five years of an enlarged EU - a positive-sum game, pp. 63-94, Springer: Berlin, et al., 2010
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3913

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Keywords: EU Eastern enlargement; migration effects; migration; free movement of workers;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Hinte, Holger & Rinne, Ulf & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2011. "Zuwanderung, Demografie und Arbeitsmarkt: Fakten statt Vorbehalte," IZA Standpunkte 37, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Jean-Claude Berth�lemy & Mathilde Maurel, 2009. "The consistency of EU foreign policies towards new member states," European Economy - Economic Papers, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission 365, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  3. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Balli, Hatice Ozer, 2013. "International income risk-sharing and the global financial crisis of 2008–2009," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2303-2313.
  4. Brenke, Karl & Yuksel, Mutlu & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2009. "EU Enlargement under Continued Mobility Restrictions: Consequences for the German Labor Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 7274, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Gligorov, Vladimir, 2009. "Mobility and Transition in Integrating Europe," MPRA Paper 19198, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Muysken, Joan & Vallizadeh, Ehsan & Ziesemer, Thomas, 2012. "Migration, Unemployment, and Over-qualification: A Specific-Factors Model Approach," MPRA Paper 43057, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Diana Mihaela Pociovalisteanu, 2012. "Workforce Movement: Romania and the European Union," Proceedings of FIKUSZ '12, Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management, in: Pál Michelberger (ed.), Proceedings of FIKUSZ '12, pages 69-80 Óbuda University, Keleti Faculty of Business and Management.
  8. Cécily Defoort & Carine Drapier, 2012. "Immigration and its dependence on the welfare system: the case of France," Working Papers hal-00995293, HAL.
  9. Rinne, Ulf & Schüller, Simone & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2011. "Ethnische Vielfalt und Arbeitsmarkterfolg (Ethnic diversity and labor market success)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 44(1/2), pages 81-89.
  10. Zimmermann, Klaus F. & Kahanec, Martin & Giulietti, Corrado & Guzi, Martin & Barrett, Alan & Maitre, Bertrand, 2012. "Report No. 43: Study on Active Inclusion of Migrants," IZA Research Reports 43, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Diana-Mihaela Pociovălişteanu, 2012. "Migration For Education Nowadays," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1, pages 82-87, March.
  12. Mari Kangasniemi & Merja Kauhanen, 2013. "Characteristics and labour market performance of the new member state (NMS12) immigrants in Finland, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom," Norface Discussion Paper Series, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London 2013002, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  13. Muysken, Joan & Vallizadeh, Ehsan & Ziesemer, Thomas, 2012. "The impact of Medium-Skilled immigration: A general equilibrium approach," MERIT Working Papers 055, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  14. World Bank, 2010. "Taking Stock of Recent Migration Flows in the European Union," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2965, The World Bank.
  15. Marcin, Piatkowski, 2009. "The Coming Golden Age of New Europe," MPRA Paper 19523, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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