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Migration to Sweden from the New EU Member States

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  • Wadensjö, Eskil

    ()
    (Stockholm University)

Abstract

Sweden did not apply any transitional rules for migrants coming from the ten new European Union member states in May 2004. The migration to Sweden from these countries also increased, especially from Poland and the Baltic states, even if not to the same extent as the immigration to Ireland and the UK (two countries with transitory rules of minor importance). The composition of the migrants changed. While earlier many more women than men arrived, now the gender composition is much more even. In this paper the labour market situation is studied for people living in Sweden at the end of 2005 who were either born in one of new member states or born in Sweden. The immigrants are represented in all sectors of the economy but overrepresented in some sectors. Their wages controlling for education are somewhat lower than those for natives. The labour market situation is rather good for the new immigrants and they are not overrepresented in different income transfer programs. The knowledge of these conditions may explain that Sweden abstained from introducing transitional rules also when Bulgaria and Romania became members of the European Union in January 2007.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3190.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3190

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Keywords: international migration; migration policy; common labour market;

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References

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  1. Xavier Chojnicki, 2004. "The economie impact of immigration for the host countries," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 47(1), pages 9-28.
  2. Borjas, George J, 1999. "Immigration and Welfare Magnets," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(4), pages 607-37, October.
  3. Jan Ekberg, 1999. "Immigration and the public sector: Income effects for the native population in Sweden," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 411-430.
  4. Torun Österberg & Björn Gustafsson, 2001. "Immigrants and the public sector budget - accounting exercises for Sweden," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 689-708.
  5. Willi Leibfritz & Paul O'Brien & Jean-Christophe Dumont, 2003. "Effects of Immigration on Labour Markets and Government Budgets - An Overview," CESifo Working Paper Series 874, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Boeri, Tito & Hanson, Gordon H. & McCormick, Barry (ed.), 2002. "Immigration Policy and the Welfare System: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199256310, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Benjamin Elsner, 2013. "Does emigration benefit the stayers? Evidence from EU enlargement," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 531-553, April.
  2. Månsson, Jonas & Olsson, Mikael, 2010. "Mobility sans integration? An analysis of labor market attainment in Sweden among its post-war immigrants from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland," CAFO Working Papers, Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University 2010:6, Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University.
  3. Anzelika Zaiceva & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2008. "Scale, diversity, and determinants of�labour migration in Europe," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(3), pages 428-452, Autumn.
  4. Michael Landesmann & Robert Stehrer & Hermine Vidovic & Charles Wyplosz, 2009. "Monthly Report No. 3/2009," wiiw Monthly Reports, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw 2009-03, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  5. Martti Randveer & Tairi Rõõm, 2009. "The structure of migration in Estonia: survey-based evidence," Bank of Estonia Working Papers, Bank of Estonia 2009-01, Bank of Estonia, revised 14 Jul 2009.

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