The Effects of Migration on the Relative Demand of Skilled versus Unskilled Labour: Evidence from Spain
AbstractIn this paper we construct a simple model of the effects of immigration on the labour market outcomes of natives. In this model, skilled and unskilled labour are substitutes, immigrants are complementary to the former, and wages are determined by bargaining. We are able to prove that, irrespective of the degree of competition in the market for skilled labour, there are sufficient conditions for immigration to raise total employment. We then estimate the effects of immigration on wages and employment of both types of workers across Spanish provinces following the lifting of some restrictions on migration policy in 1991. We find little evidence that the subsequent inflows of immigrants are associated with negative effects on both wages and employment of less-skilled natives.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1476.
Date of creation: Sep 1996
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- H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
- J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
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