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Economic Growth, Energy Consumption, Financial Development, International Trade and CO2 Emissions, in Indonesia

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  • Muhammad, Shahbaz
  • Qazi Muhammad Adnan, Hye
  • Aviral Kumar, Tiwari

Abstract

This study examines the linkages among economic growth, energy consumption, financial development, trade openness and CO2 emissions over the period of 1975Q1-2011Q4 in the case of Indonesia. The stationary analysis is performed by using Zivot-Andrews structural break unit root test and the ARDL bounds testing approach for a long run relationship between the series in the presence of structural breaks. The causal relation between the concerned variable is examined by the VECM Granger causality technique and robustness of causal analysis is tested by innovative accounting approach (IAA). Our results confirm that the variables are cointegrated; it means that the long run relationship exists in the presence of structural break stemming in the series. The empirical findings indicate that economic growth and energy consumption increases CO2 emissions, while financial development and trade openness compact it. The VECM causality analysis has shown the feedback hypothesis between energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Economic growth and CO2 emissions are also interrelated i.e. bidirectional causality. Financial development Granger causes CO2 emissions. The study opens up a new policy insights to control the environment from degradation by using energy efficient technologies. Financial development and trade openness can also play their role in improving the environmental quality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43272.

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Date of creation: 03 Dec 2013
Date of revision: 10 Dec 2012
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43272

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Keywords: Growth; Energy; Financial Development; CO2 Emissions;

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Cited by:
  1. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Farhani, Sahbi & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2013. "Coal Consumption, Industrial Production and CO2 Emissions in China and India," MPRA Paper 50618, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Oct 2013.
  2. repec:ipg:wpaper:37 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Sahbi Farhani & Muhammad Shahbaz & Rashid Sbia & Anissa Chaibi, 2014. "What is MENA Region Initially Needed: Grow Output or Mitigate CO2 Emissions?," Working Papers 2014-529, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  4. Nanthakumar, Loganathan & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Taha, Roshaiza, 2014. "The Effect of Green Taxation and Economic Growth on Environment Hazards: The Case of Malaysia," MPRA Paper 56843, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jun 2014.
  5. Mohamed Arouri & Gazi Salah Uddin & Kishwar Nawaz & Muhammad Shahbaz & Frédéric Teulon, 2013. "Causal Linkages between Financial Development, Trade Openness and Economic Growth: Fresh Evidence from Innovative Accounting Approach in Case of Bangladesh," Working Papers 2013-037, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.

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