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Does Financial Development Increase Energy Consumption? Role of Industrialization and Urbanization in Tunisia

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  • Muhammad, Shahbaz
  • Lean, Hooi Hooi

Abstract

This paper assesses the relationship among energy consumption, financial development, economic growth, industrialization and urbanization in Tunisia from 1971-2008. The autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing approach to cointegration and Granger causality tests are employed for the analysis. The result confirms the existence of long-run relationship between energy consumption, economic growth, financial development, industrialization and urbanization in Tunisia. Moreover, financial development, industrialization and urbanization are positively related to energy consumption especially in the long-run. Long-run bidirectional causal relationships are found between financial development and energy consumption, financial development and industrialization, and industrialization and energy consumption. Hence, sound and developed financial system which can attract investors, boost the stock market and improve the efficiency of economic activities should be encouraged in the country. Nevertheless, promoting industrialization and urbanization can never be left out from the process of development. On the other hand, the unidirectional causality from energy consumption to financial development implies that government should implement loose monetary policy which will stimulates investment activities and enhances economic growth and hence the energy consumption.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 33194.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2011
Date of revision: 06 Sep 2011
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:33194

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Keywords: Energy Consumption; Financial Development; Economic Growth;

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Cited by:
  1. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Solarin, Sakiru Adebola & Mahmood, Haider, 2012. "Does Financial Development Reduce CO2 Emissions in Malaysian Economy? A Time Series Analysis," MPRA Paper 40603, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Aug 2012.
  2. Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2012. "Multivariate granger causality between CO2 Emissions, energy intensity, financial development and economic growth: evidence from Portugal," MPRA Paper 37774, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Mar 2012.
  3. Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2011. "Electricity Consumption, Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus: A Revisit Study of Their Causality in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 35588, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Dec 2011.
  4. Zeshan, Muhammad, 2012. "Finding the Optimal Way of Electricity Production in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 38485, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 May 2012.
  5. Altinay, Galip & Karagol, Erdal, 2005. "Electricity consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Turkey," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 849-856, November.
  6. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Khan, Saleheen, 2012. "Is Energy Consumption Per Capita Stationary? Evidence from First and Second Generation Panel Unit Root Tests," MPRA Paper 41607, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Sep 2012.
  7. Muhammad, Shahbaz & Ilhan, Ozturk, 2012. "Electricity consumption and economic growth causality revisited: evidence from Turkey," MPRA Paper 37637, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Mar 2012.

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