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Lectures on Behavioral Macroeconomics

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  • Paul De Grauwe

    (London School of Economics and Political Science)

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    Abstract

    In mainstream economics, and particularly in New Keynesian macroeconomics, the booms and busts that characterize capitalism arise because of large external shocks. The combination of these shocks and the slow adjustments of wages and prices by rational agents leads to cyclical movements. In this book, Paul De Grauwe argues for a different macroeconomics model--one that works with an internal explanation of the business cycle and factors in agents' limited cognitive abilities. By creating a behavioral model that is not dependent on the prevailing concept of rationality, De Grauwe is better able to explain the fluctuations of economic activity that are an endemic feature of market economies. This new approach illustrates a richer macroeconomic dynamic that provides for a better understanding of fluctuations in output and inflation. De Grauwe shows that the behavioral model is driven by self-fulfilling waves of optimism and pessimism, or animal spirits. Booms and busts in economic activity are therefore natural outcomes of a behavioral model. The author uses this to analyze central issues in monetary policies, such as output stabilization, before extending his investigation into asset markets and more sophisticated forecasting rules. He also examines how well the theoretical predictions of the behavioral model perform when confronted with empirical data.

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    Bibliographic Info

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    This book is provided by Princeton University Press in its series Economics Books with number 9891 and published in 2012.

    Volume: 1
    Edition: 1
    Handle: RePEc:pup:pbooks:9891

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    Web page: http://press.princeton.edu

    Related research

    Keywords: mainstream economics; New Keynesian macroeconomics; booms; busts; capitalism; shocks; adjustments; wages; prices; rational agents; cyclical movements; macroeconomics; business cycle; rationality; behavioral model; market economies; fluctuations; inflation; optimism; pessimism; animal spirits; ecomomic activity; monetary policies; output stabilization; asset markets; forecasting; theoretical predictions; empirical data;

    References

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    46. repec:dgr:uvatin:2009040 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:
    1. Isabelle SALLE & Marc-Alexandre SENEGAS & Murat YILDIZOGLU, 2013. "How Transparent About Its Inflation Target Should a Central Bank be? An Agent-Based Model Assessment," Cahiers du GREThA 2013-24, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    2. Paul De Grauwe & Corrado Macchiarelli, 2013. "Animal Spirits and Credit Cycles," CESifo Working Paper Series 4480, CESifo Group Munich.

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