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AIDS, “reversal” of the demographic transition and economic development: evidence from Africa

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  • Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan

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Abstract

Using country- and region-level data, I investigate the effect of HIV/AIDS on fertility in Africa during 1985-2000. Results differ depending on the variation used and the estimation method. Between estimates that exploit cross-sectional variation suggest a positive significant effect of HIV/AIDS on fertility, whereas within estimates that are identified of off time-series variation show both positive and negative results depending on the HIV/AIDS variable used. These within estimates are insignificant in most of the specifications.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 25 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 871-897

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:25:y:2012:i:3:p:871-897

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Related research

Keywords: AIDS; Fertility; Growth; O11; I12; J11; J13;

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References

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  1. Kalemli-Ozcan, Sebnem, 2003. "A stochastic model of mortality, fertility, and human capital investment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 103-118, February.
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  36. repec:rus:hseeco:71105 is not listed on IDEAS
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