# The Psychometric Society

# Psychometrika

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Web: http://www.springer.com/psychology/journal/11336/PS2

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### 1972, Volume 37, Issue 3

**311-322 A new solution to the additive constant problem in metric multidimensional scaling***by*Lee Cooper**323-355 Nonmetric multidimensional scaling: A monte carlo study of the basic parameters***by*Charles Sherman

### 1972, Volume 37, Issue 2

**115-117 Sir Cyril Burt (1883–1971)***by*Arthur Jensen**119-136 The simplex in pair comparisons***by*Bruce Bloxom**137-141 Departures from binomial assumptions in short-term memory models***by*William Grams & Gerald Belle**143-148 Obtaining squared multiple correlations from a correlation matrix which may be singular***by*Ledyard Tucker & Lee Cooper & William Meredith**149-166 On sensitive rank tests for comparing the effects of two treatments on a single group***by*Hans Ury**167-177 The asymptotic distribution of response probabilities in the Audley-Jonckheere learning model***by*David Wolter & Robert Earl**179-186 The implications of convergent and discriminant validity data for instrument validation***by*Merton Krause**187-191 Note on the “longitudinal factor analysis” model***by*John Nesselroade**193-216 A geometrical analysis of the unfolding model: Nondegenerate solutions***by*J. Davidson**217-236 Reviews***by*J. Torcivia & Allen Shub & G. Raleigh Pegram & Warren Findley & David Weiss

### 1972, Volume 37, Issue 1

**1-2 Gösta Ekman (1920–1971)***by*Lyle Jones**3-27 Relations between multidimensional scaling and three-mode factor analysis***by*Ledyard Tucker**29-51 Estimating item parameters and latent ability when responses are scored in two or more nominal categories***by*R. Darrell Bock**53-59 Local dependence latent structure models***by*Dean Harper**61-91 Some new results on factor indeterminacy***by*Peter Schönemann & Ming-Mei Wang**93-97 The occurrence of an increase in correlation by restriction of range***by*Joseph Levin**99-101 A note on McDonald's generalization of principal components analysis***by*Lester Shine**103-106 The fisher-yates exact test and unequal sample sizes***by*Edgar Johnson**107-114 Reviews***by*Robert Thorndike & David Messick & Arthur Riopells

### 1971, Volume 36, Issue 4

**329-347 Measurement as structural theory***by*Louis Guttman**349-367 Some models for individual-group comparisons and group behavior***by*Stephen Fienberg & F. Larntz**369-388 A scalar product model for the multidimensional scaling of choice***by*Gordon Bechtel & Ledyard Tucker & Wei-Ching Chang**389-408 Matrix analysis of identifiability of some finite markov models***by*James Greeno & Richard Millward & Coleman Merryman**409-426 Simultaneous factor analysis in several populations***by*K. Jöreskog**427-436 Relations of factor score estimates to their use***by*Ledyard Tucker**437-442 Reviews***by*Charles Noty & Samuel Mayo & Elliot Cramer

### 1971, Volume 36, Issue 3

**207-225 On the theory of a set of tests which differ only in length***by*Walter Kristof**227-242 A theoretical study of two-stage testing***by*Frederic Lord**243-249 Comparison of ranks of cross-product and covariance solutions in component analysis***by*M. Corballis**251-252 A normal approximation for testing the equality of two independent Chi-square variables***by*Ralph D'Agostino & Bernard Rosman**253-259 On the polychoric series method for estimation of ρ in contingency tables***by*M. Hamdan**261-288 Bayesian inference and the classical test theory model: Reliability and true scores***by*Melvin Novick & Paul Jackson & Dorothy Thayer**289-302 Stochastic processes and the guttman simplex***by*Guy Groen**303-316 Sequential decision making: An aggregate scheduling methodology***by*Ronald Ebert**317-328 Reviews***by*William Mehrens & John Boulger & Roy Freedle

### 1971, Volume 36, Issue 2

**83-107 Econometrics and psychometrics: A survey of communalities***by*Arthur Goldberger**109-133 Statistical analysis of sets of congeneric tests***by*K. Jöreskog**135-154 A dual scaling analysis for paired compositions***by*Gordon Bechtel**155-163 Maximum likelihood solution to factor analysis when some factors are completely specified***by*Friedrich Gebhardt**165-174 A comparison of computer routines for the calculation of the tetrachoric correlation coefficient***by*Ernest Froemel**175-193 A comparative evaluation of several prominent methods of oblique factor transformation***by*A. Ralph Hakstian**195-203 Some boundary conditions for a monotone analysis of symmetric matrices***by*James Lingoes**204-204 A review***by*Nancy Wiggins

### 1971, Volume 36, Issue 1

**1-19 Bias and runs in dice throwing and recording: A few million throws***by*Gudmund Iversen & Willard Longcor & Frederick Mosteller & John Gilbert & Cleo Youtz**21-30 The minimum average correlation between equivalent sets of uncorrelated factors***by*Peter Schönemann**31-34 The effect of unequal group size on Tukey's HSD procedure***by*Robert Smith**35-55 A covariance analysis of multiple paired comparisons***by*Gordon Bechtel**57-62 Monotone regression: Continuity and differentiability properties***by*J. Kruskal**63-70 A note on some equations of confirmatory factor analysis***by*Stanley Mulaik**71-78 A posterior region for parallel profile differentials***by*Seymour Geisser & Russell Kappenman**79-81 Book review***by*A. Riopelle & E. Menzel

### 1970, Volume 35, Issue 4

**401-415 A second generation little jiffy***by*Henry Kaiser**417-437 The estimation of variance-covariance and correlation matrices from incomplete data***by*Neil Timm**439-454 Determination of joint distributions from marginal distributions in dichotomous systems***by*N. Castellan**455-473 Nonmetric multidimensional scaling: Recovery of metric information***by*Forrest Young**475-491 Multidimensional analysis of complex structure: Mixtures of class and quantitative variation***by*Richard Degerman**493-505 A general approach to procrustes pattern rotation***by*Gunnar Gruvaeus**507-511 Reviews***by*Emil Heermann & Lee Cronbach**513-515 Minutes of the 1970 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*W. Schrader

### 1970, Volume 35, Issue 3

**283-319 Analysis of individual differences in multidimensional scaling via an n-way generalization of “Eckart-Young” decomposition***by*J. Carroll & Jih-Jie Chang**321-332 A general rotation criterion and its use in orthogonal rotation***by*Charles Crawford & George Ferguson**333-347 Maximizing the validity of a unit-weight composite as a function of relative component lengths with a fixed total testing time***by*Paul Jackson & Melvin Novick**349-366 On metric multidimensional unfolding***by*Peter Schönemann**367-392 The analysis of categorizing behavior***by*Glen Evans**393-394 Some comments on an item analysis procedure***by*Frank Baker & John Gurland**395-398 Reviews***by*Norman Cliff & Allen Shub**399-399 Simple reaction time with markovian evolution of gaussian discriminal processes***by*Phillip Emerson

### 1970, Volume 35, Issue 2

**143-162 Estimating the reliability of interview data***by*Joseph Fleiss**163-178 The relation between sample and population characteristic vectors***by*Norman Cliff**179-197 Fitting a response model forn dichotomously scored items***by*R. Darrell Bock & Marcus Lieberman**199-227 A “halo”-model for multidimensional ratio scaling***by*H. Micko**229-235 Orthogonal rotation algorithms***by*Robert Jennrich**237-243 Extensions of the significance test for one-parameter signal detection hypotheses***by*Leonard Marascuilo**245-255 Fitting one matrix to another under choice of a central dilation and a rigid motion***by*Peter Schönemann & Robert Carroll**257-271 A comparison of three predictor selection techniques in multiple regression***by*Robert McCornack**273-282 Reviews***by*John Horn & Bert Green & J. Carroll & Kenneth Hopkins & James Collins

### 1970, Volume 35, Issue 1

**1-21 Fitting a simplex symmetrically***by*Peter Schönemann**23-42 A set theoretic analysis of group interactions***by*Kenneth Mackenzie**43-50 Item characteristic curves estimated without knowledge of their mathematical form—a confrontation of Birnbaum's logistic model***by*Frederic Lord**51-72 Statistical methods for a general theory of all-or-none learning***by*Peter Polson**73-78 A probabilistic formulation and statistical analysis of guttman scaling***by*C. Proctor**79-98 Longitudinal factor analysis***by*M. Corballis & R. Traub**99-109 Simple reaction time with markovian evolution of gaussian discriminal processes***by*Phillip Emerson**111-128 Three common factor models for groups of variables***by*Roderick McDonald**129-138 Reviews***by*Oscar Kempthorne & Jerome Cornfield & Daniel Norton**139-139 Estimation of latent ability using a response pattern of graded scores***by*Fumiko Samejima

### 1969, Volume 34, Issue 4

**407-420 Retrospective anticipation***by*Harry Harman**421-459 Evaluation of factor analytic research procedures by means of simulated correlation matrices***by*Ledyard Tucker & Raymond Koopman & Robert Linn**461-487 An analysis of some conditions for representingN state Markov processes as general all or none models***by*Theodore Steiner & James Greeno**489-507 Estimation of true score and error variance for tests under various equivalence assumptions***by*Walter Kristof**509-518 Control charts for sequential testing***by*H. Levitt & M. Treisman**519-520 Review***by*John Noak**521-523 Minutes of the 1969 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*W. Schrader

### 1969, Volume 34, Issue 3

**259-299 Estimating true-score distributions in psychological testing (an empirical bayes estimation problem)***by*Frederic Lord**301-318 Best linear composites with a specified structure***by*Bert Green**319-330 A monte carlo investigation of the statistical significance of Kruskal's nonmetric scaling procedure***by*David Klahr**331-333 Testing significance of differences between two chi-squares***by*Dennis Knepp & Doris Entwisle**335-345 More on least squares estimation of the transition matrix in a stationary first-order markov process from sample proportions data***by*Timothy McGuire**347-361 Univariate selection: The effects of size of correlation, degree of skew, and degree of restriction***by*James Brewer & John Hills**363-373 A test of the hypothesis that cronbach's alpha or kuder-richardson coefficent twenty is the same for two tests***by*Leonard Feldt**375-394 Fitting the factor analysis model***by*Michael Browne**395-405 Reviews***by*Esther Diamond & William Crano & Louis Guttman & Ronald Ragsdale

### 1969, Volume 34, Issue 2

**139-165 Multidimensional scaling: Combining observations when individuals have different perceptual structures***by*C. Horan**167-182 Some statistical considerations in multidimensional scaling***by*J. Ramsay**183-202 A general approach to confirmatory maximum likelihood factor analysis***by*K. Jöreskog**203-214 The asymptotic values of response probabilities in the Audley-Jonckheere learning model***by*David Wolter & Robert Earl**215-232 Derivations of learning statistics from absorbing Markov chains***by*Richard Millward**233-235 Average exponent from magnitude production***by*Stanley Rule**237-248 On the oblique rotation of a factor matrix to a specified pattern***by*Michael Browne & Walter Kristof**249-256 Reviews***by*Susan Gross & John French

### 1969, Volume 34, Issue 1

**1-3 Phillip Justin Rulon (1900–1968)***by*John Carroll**5-20 Negative relationships between abilities***by*Donald Broverman & Edward Klaiber**21-32 Optimal choice of rater terms I: Theory***by*Janet Elashoff**33-44 Optimal choice of rater teams II: Applications***by*Janet Elashoff & Donald Spiegel**45-49 Some further inequalities and an identity in factor analysis***by*John Darroch**51-75 Efficient estimation in image factor analysis***by*K. Jöreskog**77-83 Some extensions of image analysis***by*P. Bentler**85-110 Restricted ranking***by*James Norman & H. David**111-123 A Newton-Raphson algorithm for maximum likelihood factor analysis***by*Robert Jennrich & Stephen Robinson**125-126 Note on the relation between Kendall's tau and the Cronholm-Revusky test***by*B. Bennett**127-138 Reviews***by*Frank Baker & Bert Green & James Wardrop & John Horn

### 1968, Volume 33, Issue 4

**391-403 The error***by*B. Winer**405-422 An asymptotic likelihood ratio test for a markov chain with bernoullian or contingent input***by*Richard Bogartz**423-439 The influence of communality andN on the sampling distributions of factor loadings***by*Roger Pennell**441-449 A central limit theorem for families of stochastic processes indexed by a small average step size parameter, and some applications to learning models***by*M. Norman & Norma Graham**451-468 A semi-orthogonal dependent factor solution***by*Olgierd Porebski**469-506 A general nonmetric technique for finding the smallest coordinate space for a configuration of points***by*Louis Guttman**507-512 Reviews***by*Donald Meyer & David Sears & Jason Millman & Roy Williams**513-513 Minutes of the special meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*W. Schrader**515-517 Minutes of the 1968 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*W. Schrader

### 1968, Volume 33, Issue 3

**259-266 An extension of item analysis procedures to the case of polychotomous response***by*Frank Baker & John Gurland**267-334 A comparison of factor analytic techniques***by*Michael Browne**335-345 Alpha-maximized factor analysis (alphamax): Its relation to alpha and canonical factor analysis***by*P. Bentler**347-350 A note on invariance in three-mode factor analysis***by*Bruce Bloxom**351-381 A unified treatment of the weighting problem***by*Roderick McDonald**383-385 Symmetric limiting distributions of response probabilities***by*G. Marliss & J. McGregor**387-389 Book Reviews***by*Donald Campbell & George Graen

### 1968, Volume 33, Issue 2

**133-167 The theory of abstract partials: An introduction***by*William Rozeboom**169-172 Comments on “markovian processes with identifiable states: General considerations and applications to all-or-none learning”***by*James Greeno & Theodore Steiner**173-215 Identifiability and statistical properties of two-stage learning with no successes in the initial stage***by*James Greeno**217-223 A remark on Bower's estimate for the one-element Markov learning model***by*Paul Holland**225-232 The “idealized individual” interpretation of individual differences in multidimensional scaling***by*Norman Cliff**233-236 A note on lower bounds for the number of common factors***by*Michael Browne**237-247 Factorial rotation to simple structure and maximum similarity***by*Bruce Bloxom**249-252 A note on a cognitive probability model incorporating the serial position effect***by*James Brewer & F. King**253-257 Book reviews***by*Stanley Rickard & Maurice Tatsuoka

### 1968, Volume 33, Issue 1

**1-18 Probabilistic foundations for coefficients of generalizability***by*John Hunter**19-33 On two-sided orthogonal procrustes problems***by*Peter Schönemann**35-36 A counterexample to two-dimensional varimax-rotation***by*Friedrich Gebhardt**37-71 A monte carlo approach to the number of factors problem***by*Robert Linn**73-115 A statistical model which combines features of factor analytic and analysis of variance techniques***by*Harry Gollob**117-124 Maximum likelihood estimation of parameters of signal detection theory—A direct solution***by*Donald Dorfman & Edward Alf**125-132 Book reviews***by*William Moonan & Frank Kobler & Richard Doiron

### 1967, Volume 32, Issue 4

**363-379 On factors and factor scores***by*Chester Harris**381-401 A comparison of four methods of constructing factor scores***by*Roderick McDonald & E. Burr**403-417 A maximum likelihood solution for the method of successive intervals allowing for unequal stimulus dispersions***by*Peter Schönemann & Ledyard Tucker**419-423 Note on a rank test of cronholm and revusky***by*B. Bennett**425-434 Properties and applications of gramian factoring***by*W. Gibson**435-441 A correction for replicated error in correlation coefficients***by*W. Bashaw & Harry Anderson**443-482 Some contributions to maximum likelihood factor analysis***by*K. Jöreskog**483-486 Book reviews***by*John McCall & James Erdmann & Michael Zieky

### 1967, Volume 32, Issue 3

**241-254 Hierarchical clustering schemes***by*Stephen Johnson**255-264 The use of limit theorems in paired comparison model building***by*W. Thompson & Jagbir Singh**265-277 Asymptotic sampling variances for factor analytic models identified by specified zero parameters***by*R. Lockhart**279-289 On a new property of partially balanced association schemes useful in psychometric structural analysis***by*J. Srivastava & R. Maik**291-296 A note on a matrix criterion for unique colorability of a signed graph***by*Terry Gleason & Dorwin Cartwright**297-308 Successive intervals scaling of paired comparisons***by*Lennart Sjöberg**309-326 The influence of communality, factor strength, and loading size on the sampling characteristics of factor loadings***by*Norman Cliff & Roger Pennell**327-338 An estimation of true scores in the case of items scored on a continuous scale***by*A. Srivastava & Harold Webster**339-353 Estimates of test size for several test procedures based on conventional variance ratios in the repeated measures design***by*Raymond Collier & Frank Baker & Garrett Mandeville & Thomas Hayes**355-360 Book reviews***by*Kenneth Hopkins & Robert Smith & Warren Findley & John McCall

### 1967, Volume 32, Issue 2

**115-123 The classification of individuals into two criterion groups on the basis of a discontinuous payoff function***by*Edward Alf & Donald Dorfman**125-132 On oblique procrustes rotation***by*Michael Browne**133-141 Developing prediction weights by matching battery factorings***by*Clifford Lunneborg**143-154 Tandem criteria for analytic rotation in factor analysis***by*Andrew Comrey**155-156 The number of ways to label a structure***by*Frank Harary & Edgar Palmer & Ronald Read**157-182 F tests for the absolute invariance of dominance and composition scales***by*Gordon Bechtel**183-193 Latent partition analysis***by*David Wiley**195-198 Difficulty scaling of recognition items***by*Edward Cureton**199-227 Orthogonal inter-battery factor analysis***by*Walter Kristof

### 1967, Volume 32, Issue 1

**1-13 Coefficient alpha and the reliability of composite measurements***by*Melvin Novick & Charles Lewis**15-24 Tests of hypothesis in a repeated measures design from a permutation viewpoint***by*Raymond Collier & Frank Baker & Garrett Mandeville**25-33 A significance test for one parameter isosensitivity functions***by*Vivian Gourevitch & Eugene Galanter**35-46 A latent structure for the simplex***by*W. Gibson**47-65 The analysis of variance and pairwise scaling***by*Gordon Bechtel**67-76 Testing independence in two-way contingency tables with data subject to misclassification***by*Kwanchai Assakul & Charles Proctor**77-112 Numerical methods for polynomial models in nonlinear factor analysis***by*Roderick McDonald

### 1966, Volume 31, Issue 4

**437-445 The computer revolution in psychometrics***by*Bert Green**447-455 Simultaneous nonlinear prediction***by*Jean Fortier**457-473 A base-free measure of change***by*Ledyard Tucker & Fred Damarin & Samuel Messick**475-490 A model for the analysis of multiple strategies***by*N. Castellan**491-504 Classical and bayesian inference in certain latency processes***by*Gordon Bechtel**505-506 A note on Jost's law and exponential forgetting***by*Herbert Simon**507-534 Analysis of covariance structures***by*R. Bock & Rolf Bargmann**535-538 A matrix formulation of Kaiser's varimax criterion***by*Richard Sherin**539-543 The algebra of factorial indeterminancy***by*Emil Heermann**545-561 Alpha factor analysis of infallible variables***by*Gene Glass**563-571 Resolution of the heywood case in the minres solution***by*Harry Harman & Yoichiro Fukuda