## Content

### March 1979, Volume 44, Issue 1

**85-92 Joint-space analysis of “pick-any” data: Analysis of choices from an unconstrained set of alternatives***by*Joel Levine**93-97 The relationship between external variables and common factors***by*James Steiger**99-113 A study of algorithms for covariance structure analysis with specific comparisons using factor analysis***by*S. Lee & R. Jennrich**115-119 Improving the efficiency and effectiveness of interactively selected MDS data designs***by*Rex Green & Peter Bentler**120-121 On meredith's solution for weighted procrustes rotation***by*Klaas Nevels**123-128 On the estimation of parameters in latent structure analysis***by*Leo Goodman**129-130 Review***by*Glenn Milligan**131-131 Errata to generalizations of the partial, part and bipartial canonical correlation analysis***by*Sik-Yum Lee

### December 1978, Volume 43, Issue 4

**443-477 Structural analysis of covariance and correlation matrices***by*Karl Jöreskog**479-490 A new computational method to fit the weighted euclidean distance model***by*Jan Leeuw & Sandra Pruzansky**491-519 A direct approach to individual differences scaling using increasingly complex transformations***by*James Lingoes & Ingwer Borg**521-532 A method for simulating non-normal distributions***by*Allen Fleishman**533-549 Extending the temporal range of psychometric prediction by optimal linear filtering of mental test scores***by*Jan Drösler**551-560 Contributions to factor analysis of dichotomous variables***by*Bengt Muthén**561-573 A rating formulation for ordered response categories***by*David Andrich**575-579 A series of lower bounds to the reliability of a test***by*J. Berge & Frits Zegers**581-583 Scale freeness in factor analysis***by*Hariharan Swaminathan & James Algina**585-586 Reviews***by*James Ramsay & Suzanne Winsberg**587-587 Optimal scaling of paired comparison and rank order data: An alternative to Guttman's formulation***by*Shizuhiko Nishisato**599-600 Minutes of the 1978 annual Business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Mark Appelbaum

### September 1978, Volume 43, Issue 3

**293-306 A definition for the common-factor analysis model and the elimination of problems of factor score indeterminacy***by*James Williams**307-315 A monte carlo study of kruskal's variance based measure on stress***by*David Levine**317-325 Reliability of multiple classifications***by*Huynh Huynh**327-342 Robust techniques for testing heterogeneity of variance effects in factorial designs***by*Ralph O'Brien**343-352 Statistical aspects of a three-mode factor analysis model***by*P. Bentler & Sik-Yum Lee**353-366 Likelihood methods for testing group problem solving models with censored data***by*Ronald Regal & Kinley Larntz**367-379 Multidimensional scaling of nominal data: The recovery of metric information with alscal***by*Forrest Young & Cynthia Null**381-396 An alternative to the methodology for analysis of covariance***by*Dag Sörbom**397-408 Constrained multidimensional scaling inN spaces***by*Bruce Bloxom**409-420 Tests of symmetry in three-way contingency tables***by*Campbell Read**421-426 Rotational equivalence of factor loading matrices with specified values***by*Robert Jennrich**427-431 Generalizations of the partial, part and bipartial canonical correlation analysis***by*Sik-Yum Lee**433-435 Three notes on ALSCAL***by*Forrest Young & Yoshio Takane & Rostyslaw Lewyckyj**437-438 Reviews***by*Bert Green & Yoshio Takane

### June 1978, Volume 43, Issue 2

**145-160 Confidence regions for multidimensional scaling analysis***by*J. Ramsay**161-175 Some approximate tests for repeated measurement designs***by*Huynh Huynh**177-192 The effect of additional variables on factor indeterminacy in models with a single common factor***by*Stanley Mulaik & Roderick McDonald**193-201 The problem of the additive constant and eigenvalues in metric multidimensional scaling***by*Takayuki Saito**203-212 Gapping***by*Howard Wainer & Stephen Schacht**213-223 Measuring nominal scale agreement between a judge and a known standard***by*D. Wackerly & J. McClave & P. Rao**225-243 On various causes of improper solutions in maximum likelihood factor analysis***by*Otto Driel**245-258 Estimating true score in the compound binomial error model***by*Rand Wilcox**259-262 Approximate interval estimation for a certain intraclass correlation coefficient***by*Joseph Fleiss & Patrick Shrout**263-271 Optimal scaling of paired comparison and rank order data: An alternative to guttman's formulation***by*Shizuhiko Nishisato**273-275 Simultaneous optimization of factor assessibility and representativeness***by*Vernon Greene**277-278 Procrustean analysis of matrices with different row order***by*Ingwer Borg**279-281 The principal components of mixed measurement level multivariate data: An alternating least squares method with optimal scaling features***by*Forrest Young & Yoshio Takane & Jan Leeuw**283-284 Note on the squared multiple correlation as a lower bound to communality***by*Chester Harris**285-287 Reviews***by*Lewis Goldberg**289-289 Signal/noise ratios for domain-referenced tests***by*Robert Brennan & Michael Kane

### March 1978, Volume 43, Issue 1

**3-10 Relating tests given to different samples***by*Donald Rubin & Dorothy Thayer**11-17 Relative costs and statistical power in the extreme groups approach***by*Norman Abrahams & Edward Alf**19-29 Individual distributions under ordinal measurement***by*Robert Schulman**31-41 Evaluating the conformity of sociometric measurements***by*Lawrence Hubert & Frank Baker**43-57 Multiple-answer multiple-choice test items: Responding and scoring through bayes and minimax strategies***by*George Duncan & E. Milton**59-67 U-statistic hierarchical clustering***by*Roy D'Andrade**69-79 Statistical inference based on ranks***by*Thomas Hettmansperger & Joseph McKean**81-91 Applications of combinatorial programming to data analysis: The traveling salesman and related problems***by*Lawrence Hubert & Frank Baker**93-107 Binary action based estimation of propensities***by*George Duncan**109-110 On Bayesian estimation in unrestricted factor analysis***by*Raymond Koopman**111-113 Random versus rational strategies for initial configurations in nonmetric multidimensional scaling***by*Phipps Arabie**115-117 Monte Carlo studies in nonmetric scaling***by*Ian Spence & Forrest Young**119-119 The difference between “several” and “single”: A reply to Spence and Young***by*Phipps Arabie**121-121 A note on the factor analysis of partial covariance matrices***by*Roderick McDonald**123-126 A note on parameter estimation for Lazarsfeld's latent class analysis***by*Anton Formann**127-128 Some comments on selecting the best of several binomial populations or the bivariate normal population having the largest correlation coefficient***by*Rand Wilcox**129-130 Goodness of fit tests for paired comparison models***by*Graham Douglas**131-131 Goodness of fit tests for paired comparison models. A reply***by*Erling Andersen**133-139 A note on analyzing ordered alternatives***by*Ruth Marcus**141-142 Reviews***by*Donald Laming & Robert Smith & Iris Benson

### December 1977, Volume 42, Issue 4

**461-489 Thurstone's discriminal processes fifty years later***by*R. Luce**491-522 On weighted procrustes and hyperplane fitting in factor analytic rotation***by*William Meredith**523-548 On a metric, unidimensional unfolding model for attitudinal and developmental data***by*Mark Davison**549-565 A generalization of coefficient alpha***by*Nambury Raju**567-578 Lower bounds for the reliability of the total score on a test composed of non-homogeneous items: I: Algebraic lower bounds***by*Paul Jackson & Christian Agunwamba**579-591 Lower bounds for the reliability of the total score on a test composed of non-homogeneous items: II: A search procedure to locate the greatest lower bound***by*Brian Woodhouse & Paul Jackson**593-600 A general solution to Mosier's oblique procrustes problem***by*Jos Berge & Klaas Nevels**601-608 Two simple classes of mastery scores based on the beta-binomial model***by*Huynh Huynh**609-625 Signal/noise ratios for domain-referenced tests***by*Robert Brennan & Michael Kane**627-630 Best univocal estimates of orthogonal common factors***by*A. Hakstian & James Zidek & Roderick McDonald**631-634 The rasch model, the law of comparative judgment and additive conjoint measurement***by*H. Brogden**635-638 Reviews***by*Howard Wainer

### September 1977, Volume 42, Issue 3

**319-345 Additive similarity trees***by*Shmuel Sattath & Amos Tversky**347-355 On the mean and variance of the tetrachoric correlation coefficient***by*Morton Brown & Jacqueline Benedetti**357-374 Estimating the parameters of the latent population distribution***by*Erling Andersen & Mette Madsen**375-399 A theory of consistency of ordering generalizable to tailored testing***by*Norman Cliff**401-428 A monte carlo investigation of recovery of structure by alscal***by*Robert MacCallum & Edwin Cornelius**429-431 The equivalence of three statistical packages for performing hierarchical cluster analysis***by*Roger Blashfield**433-438 Two-step weighted least squares factor analysis of dichotomized variables***by*Anders Christoffersson**439-442 Maximally correlated orthogonal composites and oblique factor analytic solutions***by*James Price & W. Nicewander**443-445 On Keats' generalization of the rasch model***by*Hans Colonius**447-450 The approximation of a group stimulus space by averaging responses to selected subsets of the stimuli***by*Earl Robinson & Robert Lissitz**451-455 Reviews***by*Detlof Winterfeldt & Chester Olson & J. Ramsay

### June 1977, Volume 42, Issue 2

**163-191 A method of estimating item characteristic functions using the maximum likelihood estimate of ability***by*Fumiko Samejima**193-198 Weakly parallel tests in latent trait theory with some criticisms of classical test theory***by*Fumiko Samejima**199-206 Fitting cross-classification table data to models when observations are subject to classification error***by*Hoben Thomas**207-219 Redundancy analysis an alternative for canonical correlation analysis***by*Arnold Wollenberg**221-240 Function invariant and parameter scale-free transformation methods***by*P. Bentler & Joseph Wingard**241-266 Maximum likelihood estimation in multidimensional scaling***by*J. Ramsay**267-276 Orthogonal procrustes rotation for two or more matrices***by*Jos Berge**277-295 Factor simplicity index and transformations***by*P. Bentler**297-305 Effects of conditionality on INDSCAL and ALSCAL weights***by*Robert MacCallum**307-309 Some properties of binormamin***by*Henry Kaiser & Kern Dickman**311-314 A note on moran's measure of multiple rank correlation***by*Philip Bobko**315-316 Reviews***by*David Thissen

### March 1977, Volume 42, Issue 1

**4-6 Harry Horace Harman (1913–1976)***by*Samuel Messick**7-67 Nonmetric individual differences multidimensional scaling: An alternating least squares method with optimal scaling features***by*Yoshio Takane & Forrest Young & Jan Leeuw**69-81 Sufficient statistics and latent trait models***by*Erling Andersen**83-109 Monotonic weighted power transformations to additivity***by*J. Ramsay**111-125 Some exact conditional tests of independence forR ×C cross-classification tables***by*Alan Agresti & Dennis Wackerly**127-140 On rotating to smooth functions***by*James Arbuckle & Michael Friendly**141-144 Correctness of Kruskal's algorithms for monotone regression with ties***by*Jan Leeuw**145-147 A note on the estimation of the level of predictive precision of a fitted linear equation***by*Jorge Mendoza**149-151 A note on the minres method***by*Miloslav Nosal**153-156 MSA for a special spearman matrix***by*Edward Meyer & Henry Kaiser & Barbara Cerny & Bert Green**157-159 Reviews***by*Robert Pruzek & Mary Huba

### December 1976, Volume 41, Issue 4

**434-437 Dorothy C. Adkins (1912–1975)***by*Thelma Thurstone**439-463 Spatial, non-spatial and hybrid models for scaling***by*J. Carroll**465-470 A note on multiple and canonical correlation for a singular covariance matrix***by*C. Khatri**471-503 Additive structure in qualitative data: An alternating least squares method with optimal scaling features***by*Jan Leeuw & Forrest Young & Yoshio Takane**505-529 Regression with qualitative and quantitative variables: An alternating least squares method with optimal scaling features***by*Forrest Young & Jan Leeuw & Yoshio Takane**531-535 Procrustes matching by congruence coefficients***by*Bruce Korth & L.R Tucker**537-541 A look, by simulation, at the validity of some asymptotic distribution results for rotated loadings***by*Claude Archer & Robert Jennrich**543-546 A note on monotone polygons fitted to bivariate data***by*Roderick McDonald**547-550 A solution to the weighted procrustes problem in which the transformation is in agreement with the loss function***by*Robert Lissitz & Peter Schönemann & James Lingoes**551-556 Comment on Levy's “an empirical comparison of the Z-variance and Box-Scheffé tests for homogeneity of variance”***by*Charles Martin**557-558 External analyses of preference models***by*Mark Davison**559-566 Reviews***by*Chester Olson & Ian Spence

### September 1976, Volume 41, Issue 3

**281-293 More factors than subjects, tests and treatments: An indeterminacy theorem for canonical decomposition and individual differences scaling***by*Joseph Kruskal**295-300 Image and anti-image covariance matrices from a correlation matrix that may be singular***by*Henry Kaiser**301-320 Precriterion stationarity in markovian learning models***by*Henry Halff**321-327 Determining the number of components from the matrix of partial correlations***by*Wayne Velicer**329-340 Correlation and prediction in ordinal test theory***by*Robert Schulman**341-348 Latent roots of random data correlation matrices with squared multiple correlations on the diagonal: A monte carlo study***by*Richard Montanelli & Lloyd Humphreys**349-373 A procedure for ordering object pairs consistent with the multidimensional unfolding model***by*George Rabinowitz**375-384 Extending generalized symmetric means to arbitrary matrix sampling designs***by*Roger Wellington**385-400 Transformation of a three-mode multidimensional scaling solution to indscal form***by*Robert MacCallum**401-403 Re-evaluation of monte carlo studies in nonmetric multidimensional scaling***by*Andrew Clark**405-407 A note on keats' generalization of the rasch model***by*P. White**409-415 Some simple procedures for handling missing data in multivariate analysis***by*James Frane**417-420 Reviews***by*Brian Bolton & S. Link

### June 1976, Volume 41, Issue 2

**141-157 Paired comparisons with individual differences***by*Erling Andersen**159-176 Part and bipartial canonical correlation analysis***by*Neil Timm & James Carlson**177-188 Effects on indscal of non-orthogonal perceptions of object space dimensions***by*Robert MacCallum**189-204 A probabilistic model for validation of behavioral hierarchies***by*C. Mitchell Dayton & George Macready**205-217 Some developments in multivariate generalizability***by*George Joe & J. Arthur Woodward**219-231 A k-sample significance test for independent alpha coefficients***by*A. Hakstian & Thomas Whalen**233-247 Fitting and testing carroll's weighted unfolding model for preferences***by*Mark Davison**249-262 Comments on “the measurement of factorial indeterminacy”***by*Stanley Mulaik**263-266 On the factor score controversy***by*Bert Green**267-272 Two-matrix orthogonal rotation procedures***by*A. Ralph Hakstian**273-275 A further note on freeman's measure of association***by*Linton Freeman**277-277 Fast regression estimates of missing data***by*Raymond Koopman

### March 1976, Volume 41, Issue 1

**4-7 Frederick Barton Davis (1909–1975)***by*John Flanagan**9-34 Three steps towards robust regression***by*Howard Wainer & David Thissen**35-42 Interpretation of canonical analysis: Rotated vs. unrotated solutions***by*Norman Cliff & David Krus**43-64 A monte carlo evaluation of interactive multidimensional scaling***by*Roger Girard & Norman Cliff**65-78 Statistical consideration of mastery scores***by*Huynh Huynh**79-87 An interval estimate for making statistical inferences about true scores***by*Frederic Lord & Martha Stocking**89-100 An extended class of matched pairs tests based on powers of ranks***by*Paul Mielke & Kenneth Berry**101-120 Components of correlation and extensions of the lens model equation***by*Thomas Stewart**121-133 Jackknifing disattenuated correlations***by*W. Rogers**135-136 A simple proof of the spearman-brown formula for continuous test lengths***by*Paul Allison

### December 1975, Volume 40, Issue 4

**433-454 A paired compositions model for round-robin experiments***by*John Gleason & Silas Halperin**455-472 A test theory model for ordinal measurements***by*Robert schulman & Richard Haden**473-485 On estimation and hypothesis testing problems for correlation coefficients***by*Helena Kraemer**487-503 A model relating transfer of learning and correlation***by*August Flammer**505-517 Bayesian estimation in unrestricted factor analysis: A treatment for heywood cases***by*James Martin & Roderick McDonald**519-524 An empirical comparison of theZ-variance and Box-Scheffé tests for homogeneity of variance***by*Kenneth Levy**525-548 Nonlinear programming approach to optimal scaling of partially ordered categories***by*Shizuhiko Nishisato & P. Arri**549-555 Micko's “halo”-model for multidimensional ratio scaling***by*Thorleif Lund**557-561 Estimation of the reliability of a test divided into two parts of unequal length***by*Leonard Feldt**563-572 The use of extreme groups in assessing relationships***by*Edward Alf. & Norman Abrahams**573-574 Grouping by cliques for directed relationships***by*Edmund Peay**575-577 On canonical analysis with fallible data***by*Huynh Huynh**579-581 Significant category clustering in free recall***by*Barry Arnold

### September 1975, Volume 40, Issue 3

**269-290 Ordmet: A general algorithm for constructing all numerical solutions to ordered metric structures***by*Gary McClelland & Clyde Coombs**291-296 The asymptotic standard errors of some estimates of uncertainty in the two-way contingency table***by*Morton Brown**297-313 Nonmetric grouping: Clusters and cliques***by*Edmund Peay**315-335 A class of factor analysis estimation procedures with common asymptotic sampling properties***by*A. Swain**337-360 Solving implicit equations in psychometric data analysis***by*J. Ramsay**361-372 The distribution of chance congruence coefficients from simulated data***by*Bruce Korth & Ledyard Tucker**373-394 Methods for evaluating empirical bayes point estimates of latent trait scores***by*Jack Kearns & William Meredith**395-412 Probability spaces, hilbert spaces, and the axioms of test theory***by*Donald Zimmerman**413-415 A note on an empirical evaluation of the isis procedure***by*Robert Baker & Forrest Young**423-426 Minutes of the 1975 annual business meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Charles Lewis

### June 1975, Volume 40, Issue 2

**137-152 Descriptive axioms for common factor theory, image theory and component theory***by*Roderick McDonald**153-161 Simultaneous testing of McNemar's problem for several populations***by*M. Hamdan & W. Pirie & J. Arnold**163-168 A simple method for pairwise monotone regression***by*Richard Johnson**169-181 An empirical comparison of several interval estimation procedures for coefficient alpha***by*Tej Pandey & Lawrence Hubert**183-195 The weighted varimax rotation and the promax rotation***by*Edward Cureton & Stanley Mulaik**197-203 A relationship between harris factors and guttman's sixth lower bound to reliability***by*W. Alan Nicewander**205-217 The ‘ability’ scale in item characteristic curve theory***by*Frederic Lord**219-228 On small world statistics***by*Stephen Fienberg & S. Keith Lee**229-252 A proposal for handling missing data***by*Terry Gleason & Richard Staelin**253-255 Testing pattern hypotheses for correlation matrices***by*Roderick McDonald**257-266 Reviews***by*J. Ramsay & Bruce Bloxom & Elliot Cramer

### March 1975, Volume 40, Issue 1

**5-32 Factor analysis of dichotomized variables***by*Anders Christoffersson**33-51 Generalized procrustes analysis***by*J. Gower**53-62 Non-parametric inference for ordered alternatives in a randomized block design***by*Thomas Hettmansperger