# Springer

&

The Psychometric Society

# Psychometrika

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**Series handle:**repec:spr:psycho

**ISSN:**0033-3123

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### December 1963, Volume 28, Issue 4

**423-426 On the symmetric treatment of an asymmetric approach to factor analysis***by*W. Gibson**427-429 Minutes of the 1963 Annual Business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*W. Mollenkopf

### September 1963, Volume 28, Issue 3

**221-238 The statistical theory of stepped-up reliability coefficients when a test has been divided into several equivalent parts***by*Walter Kristof**239-258 The prediction of averages***by*William Meredith**259-263 On a theorem stated by eckart and young***by*Richard Johnson**265-271 J scale models for preference behavior***by*Marshall Greenberg**273-288 Test reliability and practice effects***by*Paul Hoffman**289-291 Short cut calculation of the Fisher-Yates “exact test”***by*Solomon Feldman & Eric Klinger**293-314 Book reviews***by*Masanao Toda & Robert Isaacson & Richard Lindeman & Joseph Zinnes

### June 1963, Volume 28, Issue 2

**129-143 Statistical inferences about the error variance***by*Walter Kristof**145-160 On the psychophysical law and estimation procedures in psychophysical scaling***by*Robert Fagot**161-172 Univocal or orthogonal estimators of orthogonal factors***by*Emil Heermann**173-183 Some possible forms of lexicographic evaluation***by*R. Gregson**185-188 Comments on parameter estimation for Restle's theory of cue learning***by*Helena Kraemer**189-198 The preliminary analysis of emergent social structure in groups***by*James Davis**199-209 A comparison of graphic and analytic solutions for both oblique and orthogonal simple structures for factors of employee morale***by*Melany Baehr**211-218 Correction of item-total correlations in item analysis***by*Sten Henrysson**219-220 Book reviews***by*Rosedith Sitgreaves

### March 1963, Volume 28, Issue 1

**1-25 The use of factor analysis in the statistical analysis of multiple time series***by*T. Anderson**27-32 A response time model for choice behavior***by*Walter Kintsch**33-41 A direct method for multidimensional ratio scaling***by*Gösta Ekman**43-48 Correcting correlation coefficients for group heterogeneity when one variable is a dichotomy***by*Ernest Tupes**49-53 Some remarks on failure to meet assumptions in discriminant analyses***by*Richard Melton**55-67 The uniqueness and significance of simple structure demonstrated by contrasting organic “natural structure” and “random structure” data***by*Raymond Cattell & Richard Gorsuch**69-80 A factor analytic method for investigating differences between groups of individual learning curves***by*R. Weitzman**81-85 Biserial estimates of correlation***by*Frederic Lord**87-92 Factoring the circumplex***by*W. Gibson**93-95 A note on “pattern variants on a square field”***by*John Moon**97-104 Note on use of extreme criterion groups in item discrimination analysis***by*Leonard Feldt**105-108 A note concerning the creager—Valentine paper***by*Aart Hazewinkel

### December 1962, Volume 27, Issue 4

**323-333 On relationships between numbers and behavior***by*Philip DuBois**335-354 On the statistical treatment of residuals in factor analysis***by*K. Jöreskog**355-374 Optimal scaling for ordered categories***by*R. Bradley & S. Katti & Irma Coons**375-396 A recruitment theory of simple behavior***by*David LaBerge**397-415 A general approach to nonlinear factor analysis***by*Roderick McDonald**417-418 A note on mathematical models for learning***by*Herbert Simon**419-424 The relation between factor loadings and biserial correlations in item analysis***by*Sten Henrysson**425-429 Minutes of the 1962 Annual business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*W. Mollenkopf

### September 1962, Volume 27, Issue 3

**219-246 The analysis of proximities: Multidimensional scaling with an unknown distance function. II***by*Roger Shepard**247-263 Some rao-guttman relationships***by*Chester Harris**265-282 Simulation of human problem-solving behavior***by*K. Laughery & L. Gregg**283-295 Analytic rotation to a functional relationship***by*Norman Cliff**297-306 Informational coverage and correlational analysis***by*John Ross**307-314 Mathematical analysis of the durations of reinforced inter-response times during variable interval reinforcement***by*Samuel Revusky**315-317 A method of determining unbiased distribution in the latin square***by*Benjamin Alimena**319-322 Book reviews***by*Warren Norman & Jason Millman

### June 1962, Volume 27, Issue 2

**125-140 The analysis of proximities: Multidimensional scaling with an unknown distance function. I***by*Roger Shepard**141-154 A stochastic model for free recall***by*Nancy Waugh & J. Keith Smith**155-162 Scaling a simplex***by*Henry Kaiser**163-167 An observable property equivalent to a choice model for discrimination experiments***by*R. Duncan Luce**169-178 Matrix reduction and approximation to principal axes***by*Paul Horst**179-182 Sample and population score matrices and sample correlation matrices from an arbitrary population correlation matrix***by*Henry Kaiser & Kern Dickman**183-192 A comparison of three methods of fitting the normal ogive***by*Elliot Cramer**193-195 On the least-squares orthogonalization of an oblique transformation***by*W. Gibson**197-202 Abacs for determination of a correlation coefficient corrected for restriction of range***by*William Michael & Robert Jones & L. Gaddis & Henry Kaiser**203-206 A note on the derivation of the general latent class model***by*Roderick McDonald**207-218 Book reviews***by*Frederic Lord & J. Keith Smith & Elizabeth Hagen & Joshua Fishman

### March 1962, Volume 27, Issue 1

**3-17 Random fluctuations of response rate***by*William McGill**19-30 Cutting scores and errors of measurement***by*Frederic Lord**31-37 Regression analysis of linear composite variance***by*John Creager & Lonnie Valentine**39-47 Test skewness and kurtosis as functions of item parameters***by*William Ray & John Hundleby & Donald Goldstein**49-58 Methods of correcting correlations for indirect restriction of range with non-interval data***by*Sven Rydberg**59-72 A theoretical distribution for mental test scores***by*J. Keats & Frederic Lord**73-81 Extending latent class solutions to other variables***by*W. Gibson**83-87 Formulas for component scores***by*Henry Kaiser**89-104 A functional equation analysis of two learning models***by*Laveen Kanal**105-109 The asymptotic distribution for the two-absorbing-barrier beta model***by*Laveen Kanal**111-117 Some uses of the square root method as a tool in multiple prediction***by*Aart Hazewinkel**119-123 Book reviews***by*S. Komorita & Max Schoeffler

### December 1961, Volume 26, Issue 4

**342-345 Truman Lee Kelley***by*John Flanagan**347-372 The nature of the data, or how to choose a correlation coefficient***by*John Carroll**373-390 Stochastic learning theories for a response continuum with non-determinate reinforcement***by*Patrick Suppes & Joseph Zinnes**391-403 Two learning models for responses measured on a continuous scale***by*Norman Anderson**405-432 An empirical study of the factor analysis stability hypothesis***by*Harold Bechtoldt**433-442 Geometrical representation of two methods of linear least squares multiple correlation***by*Benjamin Fruchter & Harry Anderson**443-446 A note on the standard length of a test***by*Charles Myers**447-450 A cosine approximation to the normal distribution***by*David Raab & Edward Green**451-452 A retraction on inter-battery factor analysis***by*W. Gibson**453-458 Book reviews***by*Cyril Burt & Maurice Tatsuoka & J. Guilford**459-461 Minutes of the 1961 Annual Business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Philip DuBois

### September 1961, Volume 26, Issue 3

**255-280 Application of a model to paired-associate learning***by*Gordon Bower**281-290 A generalization of stimulus sampling theory***by*Richard Atkinson**291-306 Statistical methods for a theory of cue learning***by*Frank Restle**307-316 The use of extreme groups to test for the presence of a relationship***by*Leonard Feldt**317-324 The rationale for an “oblimax” method of transformation in factor analysis***by*D. Saunders**325-332 Multidimensional unfolding: Some geometrical solutions***by*D. McElwain & J. Keats**333-337 A note on a class of probability matching models***by*Julian Feldman & Allen Newell**339-342 Book reviews***by*Ardie Lubin & Valentine Appel

### June 1961, Volume 26, Issue 2

**129-149 Relations amongm sets of measures***by*Paul Horst**151-163 A choice theory analysis of similarity judgments***by*R. Luce**165-171 A double law of comparative judgment for the analysis of preferential choice and similarities data***by*C. Coombs & M. Greenberg & J. Zinnes**173-183 A general procedure for obtaining paired comparisons from multiple rank orders***by*Harold Gulliksen & Ledyard Tucker**185-203 Application of a trace model to the retention of information in a recognition task***by*Roger Shepard**205-219 Analysis of unreplicated three-way classifications, with applications to rater bias and trait independence***by*Julian Stanley**221-238 Multidimensional unfolding: Determining configuration from complete rank order preference data***by*William Hays & Joseph Bennett**239-246 Empirical comparison of item parameters based on the logistic and normal functions***by*Frank Baker**247-254 Book reviews***by*Ardie Lubin & A. Maxwell & R. Garside & Edward Zigler & Richard Kao

### March 1961, Volume 26, Issue 1

**1-2 Irving Lorge***by*Robert Thorndike**3-8 Fechner: Inadvertent founder of psychophysics***by*Edwin Boring**9-25 Linear and multidimensional scaling***by*Harold Gulliksen**27-33 Stimulus programming in psychophysics***by*J. Smith**35-47 Toward a resolution of the fechner-thurstone legacy***by*S. Stevens**49-63 Detection theory and psychophysics: A review***by*John Swets**65-71 Psychometrics—A special case of the brahman theory***by*Jack Dunlap**73-84 New developments in statistical behavior theory: Differential tests of axioms for associative learning***by*W. Estes**85-91 Computer models of cognitive processes***by*Bert Green**93-107 Measurement of learning and mental abilities***by*Harold Gulliksen**109-127 Psychological measurement a hundred and twenty-five years later***by*J. Guilford

### December 1960, Volume 25, Issue 4

**313-323 Investigations of the simplex***by*Lloyd Humphreys**325-342 Use of true-score theory to predict moments of univariate and bivariate observed-score distributions***by*Frederic Lord**343-356 A rational origin obtained by the method of contingent paired comparisons***by*Emir Shuford & Lyle Jones & R. Bock**357-367 Remarks about a paired comparison model***by*Gottfried Noether**369-380 On the number of significant findings to be expected by chance***by*Jack Block**381-392 Nonlinear factors in two dimensions***by*W. Gibson**393-408 Point biserial correlation coefficient and its generalization***by*S. Gupta**409-413 Book reviews***by*John Ross & William Schutz & Henry Kaiser**415-416 Minutes of the 1960 Annual Business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Philip DuBois

### September 1960, Volume 25, Issue 3

**219-231 On a connection between factor analysis and multidimensional unfolding***by*Clyde Coombs & Richard Kao**233-241 Some asymptotic properties of Luce's beta learning model***by*John Lamperti & Patrick Suppes**243-250 Percentage points of Wilks'L mvc andL vc criteria***by*J. Roy & V. Murthy**251-260 Models for choice-reaction time***by*Mervyn Stone**261-271 Reliability formulas for independent decision data when reliability data are matched***by*Nageswari Rajaratnam**273-289 A model for detection and recognition with signal uncertainty***by*Elizabeth Shipley**291-295 A proposed variation of the matching technique***by*George Weinberg & Fritz Fluckiger & Clarence Tripp**297-302 On the Wilson tests***by*N. Ylvisaker**303-305 A note on combining probabilities***by*C. Adcock**307-312 Book reviews***by*R. Atkinson & William Sawrey & Jack Sawyer & William Madow & Dorothy Clendenen

### June 1960, Volume 25, Issue 2

**127-152 Complex analyses of variance: General problems***by*Bert Green & John Tukey**153-158 Varimax solution for primary mental abilities***by*Henry Kaiser**159-172 A cognitive probability model for learning***by*John Overall**173-182 An analysis of Guttman's simplex***by*Philip DuBois**183-198 Determinantal methods in latent class analysis***by*Albert Madansky**199-205 A computer program to find the best-fitting orthogonal factors for a given hypothesis***by*David Saunders**207-209 Matrix formulation of Deuel's rotational method***by*Andrew Baggaley**211-218 Book reviews***by*Harold Gulliksen & John Alman & John Flanagan & Frank Restle & John Creager

### March 1960, Volume 25, Issue 1

**1-17 Ultimate choice between two attractive goals: Predictions from a model***by*Frederick Mosteller & Maurice Tatsuoka**19-25 Remarks on tucker's inter-battery method of factor analysis***by*W. Gibson**27-43 Multidimensional unfolding: Determining the dimensionality of ranked preference data***by*Joseph Bennett & William Hays**45-58 A criterion for selecting variables in a regression analysis***by*H. Linhart**59-76 Some multiple correlation and predictor selection methods***by*Harry Anderson & Benjamin Fruchter**77-90 Two-alternative learning situations with partial reinforcement***by*Mary Hanania**91-104 An empirical study of the normality and independence of errors of measurement in test scores***by*Frederic Lord**105-125 Book reviews***by*Rolf Bargmann & William McGill & R. Thrall & Ernest Tupes & Jack Sawyer & John Milholland & J. Radcliffe & Anne Roe & Leonard Mead & Eli Marks & J. Keith Smith

### December 1959, Volume 24, Issue 4

**283-302 An approach to mental test theory***by*Frederic Lord**303-316 Theoretical models of choice and strategy behavior: Stable state behavior in the two-choice uncertain outcome situation***by*Sidney Siegel**317-327 The concept of configuration of interpersonal relations in a group as a time-dependent stochastic process***by*Leo Katz & Charles Proctor**329-341 Pattern variants on a square field***by*S. Prokhovnik**343-359 A synthesis of two factor analyses of intermediate algebra***by*William Kline**361-369 Redundancy in task assignments and group performance***by*Robert Zajonc & William Smoke**371-372 A note on the use of mood's likelihood ratio test for item analyses involving 2 × 2 tables with small samples***by*Irving Weiner**375-378 Book reviews***by*Robert Travers & Philip DuBois**399-401 Minutes of the 1959 Annual business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Philip DuBois

### September 1959, Volume 24, Issue 3

**189-205 Item selection procedures for item variables with a known factor structure***by*G. Elfving & R. Sitgreaves & H. Solomon**207-220 A metric and an ordering on sets***by*Frank Restle**221-227 Maximum likelihood estimates of item parameters using the logistic function***by*A. Maxwell**229-252 Three multivariate models: Factor analysis, latent structure analysis, and latent profile analysis***by*W. Gibson**253-256 Strategies and learning models***by*Steven Bryant & John Marica**257-260 A note on Tryon's measure of reliability***by*Allen Edwards**261-264 An improved procedure for the wherry-winer method for factoring large numbers of items***by*Leroy Wolins**265-267 Generating variables with arbitrary properties***by*Paul Hoffman**269-271 A note on the Tryon-Kaiser solution for the communalities***by*Henry Kaiser**273-276 A note on the use of triads for paired comparisons***by*R. Schucker**277-281 Book reviews***by*R. Thrall & Wendell Garner & I. Savage & Leslie Kish

### June 1959, Volume 24, Issue 2

**95-112 On methods in the analysis of profile data***by*Samuel Greenhouse & Seymour Geisser**113-135 Domain sampling formulation of cluster and factor analysis***by*Robert Tryon**137-144 Least squares estimation in finite Markov processes***by*Albert Madansky**145-155 An augmented model for spontaneous regression and recovery***by*David McConnell**157-168 A model for ordered metric scaling by comparison of intervals***by*Robert Fagot**169-174 A note on factor analysis: Arbitrary orthogonal transformations***by*Edward Cureton**175-177 Randomly parallel tests and Lyerly's basic assumption for the Kuder-Richardson formula (21)***by*Frederic Lord**179-185 Estimating item indices by nomographs***by*Robert Colver**187-188 Book review***by*R. Bock

### March 1959, Volume 24, Issue 1

**1-17 Statistical inferences about true scores***by*Frederic Lord**19-27 A statistical test for the significance of a coefficient of reproducibility***by*Philip Sagi**29-43 Simple statistical methods for scalogram analysis***by*Leo Goodman**45-51 Hierarchical factor solutions without rotation***by*Robert Wherry**53-68 A generalization of the bush-mosteller model with some significance tests***by*Mary Hanania**69-87 Some implications of the logical calculus for empirical classes for social science methodology***by*William Schutz**89-91 Note on φ/φ max***by*Edward Cureton**93-94 Book review***by*Samuel Messick

### December 1958, Volume 23, Issue 4

**279-289 The mystery of the missing corpus***by*Frederick Mosteller**291-296 Some relations between guttman's principal components of scale analysis and other psychometric theory***by*Frederic Lord**297-308 To what extent can communalities reduce rank?***by*Louis Guttman**309-322 A markov model for discrimination learning***by*Richard Atkinson**323-334 Remarks on the test of significance for the method of paired comparisons***by*R. Darrell Bock**335-353 A comparison of the precision of three experimental designs employing a concomitant variable***by*Leonard Feldt**355-368 An axiomatic formulation and generalization of successive intervals scaling***by*Ernest Adams & Samuel Messick**369-378 The single latin square design in psychological research***by*John Gaito**379-383 A modification of kendall's tau for measuring association in contingency tables***by*Bertram Karon & Irving Alexander**385-394 Book reviews***by*Lee Cronbach & Susan Ervin & R. Duncan Luce & D. Saunders & R. Darrell Bock**395-397 Minutes of the 1958 Annual business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Philip DuBois

### September 1958, Volume 23, Issue 3

**187-200 The varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis***by*Henry Kaiser**201-210 Power function charts for specification of sample size in analysis of variance***by*Leonard Feldt & Moharram Mahmoud**211-221 A comparative study of three methods of rotation***by*Benjamin Fruchter & Edwin Novak**223-236 Analysis of variance for correlated observations***by*Raymond Collier**237-257 Thurstone's analytical method for simple structure and a mass modification thereof***by*Robert Sokal**259-265 Attenuation and interaction***by*Quinn McNemar**267-270 The Kuder-Richardson formula (21) as a split-half coefficient, and some remarks on its basic assumption***by*Samuel Lyerly**271-272 The average spearman rank criterion correlation when ties are present***by*Edward Cureton**273-274 Note on “efficient estimation and local identification in latent class analysis”***by*Richard McHugh