# Springer

# Psychometrika

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### 1958, Volume 23, Issue 4

**323-334 Remarks on the test of significance for the method of paired comparisons***by*R. Darrell Bock**335-353 A comparison of the precision of three experimental designs employing a concomitant variable***by*Leonard Feldt**355-368 An axiomatic formulation and generalization of successive intervals scaling***by*Ernest Adams & Samuel Messick**369-378 The single latin square design in psychological research***by*John Gaito**379-383 A modification of kendall's tau for measuring association in contingency tables***by*Bertram Karon & Irving Alexander**385-394 Book reviews***by*Lee Cronbach & Susan Ervin & R. Duncan Luce & D. Saunders & R. Darrell Bock**395-397 Minutes of the 1958 Annual business Meeting of the Psychometric Society***by*Philip DuBois

### 1958, Volume 23, Issue 3

**187-200 The varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis***by*Henry Kaiser**201-210 Power function charts for specification of sample size in analysis of variance***by*Leonard Feldt & Moharram Mahmoud**211-221 A comparative study of three methods of rotation***by*Benjamin Fruchter & Edwin Novak**223-236 Analysis of variance for correlated observations***by*Raymond Collier**237-257 Thurstone's analytical method for simple structure and a mass modification thereof***by*Robert Sokal**259-265 Attenuation and interaction***by*Quinn McNemar**267-270 The Kuder-Richardson formula (21) as a split-half coefficient, and some remarks on its basic assumption***by*Samuel Lyerly**271-272 The average spearman rank criterion correlation when ties are present***by*Edward Cureton**273-274 Note on “efficient estimation and local identification in latent class analysis”***by*Richard McHugh**275-278 Book reviews***by*John Carroll & J. Wittenborn

### 1958, Volume 23, Issue 2

**95-110 Reliability for the law of comparative judgment***by*Harold Gulliksen & John Tukey**111-136 An inter-battery method of factor analysis***by*Ledyard Tucker**137-150 Comparatal dispersion, a measure of accuracy of judgment***by*Harold Gulliksen**151-170 Application of the quartimax method of rotation to Thurstone's primary mental abilities study***by*Charles Wrigley & David Saunders & Jack Neuhaus**171-177 A distinction between exact and approximate nonparametric methods***by*William Sawrey**179-186 Book reviews***by*Bert Green & Robert Morin & Robert Glaser

### 1958, Volume 23, Issue 1

**1-8 General resolution of correlation matrices into components and its utilization in multiple and partial regression***by*John Creager**9-17 Error of measurement and the sensitivity of a test of significance***by*J. Sutcliffe**19-23 Determination of parameters of a functional relation by factor analysis***by*Ledyard Tucker**25-31 The inclusion of response times within a stochastic description of the learning behavior of individual subjects***by*R. Audley**33-46 Determining the degree of inconsistency in a set of paired comparisons***by*Harold Gerard & Harold Shapiro**47-53 Properties of the item score matrix***by*Angus MacLean**55-65 The counseling assignment problem***by*Joe Ward**67-73 A retest method of studying partial knowledge and other factors influencing item response***by*Vera Brownless & John Keats**75-83 The measurement of function fluctuation***by*R. Garside**85-92 Predetermination of test weights***by*Paul Hoffman

### 1957, Volume 22, Issue 4

**301-309 New problems for old solutions***by*Hubert Brogden**311-324 Optimal test length for multiple prediction: The general case***by*Paul Horst & Charlotte MacEwan**325-345 Stimulus and response generalization: A stochastic model relating generalization to distance in psychological space***by*Roger Shepard**347-357 The relationship between factorial composition of test items and measures of test reliability***by*John Cotton & Donald Campbell & R. Malone**359-371 The use of configural analysis for the evaluation of test scoring methods***by*H. Osburn & Ardie Lubin**373-380 A model for response tendency combination***by*David Birch**381-393 Procedures for obtaining separate set and content components of a test score***by*Gerald Helmstadter**395-404 Item selection methods for increasing test homogeneity***by*Harold Webster

### 1957, Volume 22, Issue 3

**207-220 A significance test for the hypothesis that two variables measure the same trait except for errors of measurement***by*Frederic Lord**221-230 Markov processes in learning theory***by*John Kemeny & J. Laurie Snell**231-240 Note on the least squares solution for the method of successive categories***by*R. Darrell Bock**241-260 Communality of a variable: Formulation by cluster analysis***by*Robert Tryon**261-268 Amounts of fixation and discovery in maze learning behavior***by*Herbert Simon**269-274 A measure of coherence for human information filters***by*Richard Wilcox**275-287 A correlational analysis of tracking behavior***by*W. Knowles & J. Holland & E. Newlin**289-292 A measure of the gambling response-set in objective tests***by*Robert Ziller**293-296 The upper and lower twenty-seven per cent rule***by*Edward Cureton**297-300 Book reviews***by*Robert Ebel & Charles Solley & Samuel Lyerly

### 1957, Volume 22, Issue 2

**113-132 Theory of learning with constant, variable, or contingent probabilities of reinforcement***by*W. Estes**133-145 A component model for stimulus variables in discrimination learning***by*C. Burke & W. Estes**147-157 Simple proofs of relations between the communality problem and multiple correlation***by*Louis Guttman**159-173 A general least squares solution for successive intervals***by*Gertrude Diederich & Samuel Messick & Ledyard Tucker**175-183 On the applications of the method of absolute scaling***by*Chung-Teh Fan**185-188 A method of score conversion through item statistics***by*Frances Swineford & Chung-Teh Fan**189-198 A revised law of comparative judgment***by*William Harris**199-205 A fast approximate algebraic factor rotation method to maximize agreement between loadings and predetermined weights***by*David Rodgers

### 1957, Volume 22, Issue 1

**1-15 New analysis of variance formulas for treating data from mutually paired subjects***by*Joseph Lev & Elaine Kinder**17-27 On the ranking problem***by*Isadore Blumen**29-41 Estimation of error variances of test scores***by*John Keats**43-52 The detailed method of optimal regions***by*Paul Dwyer**53-61 The development of hierarchical factor solutions***by*John Schmid & John Leiman**63-73 A theory of pattern analysis for the prediction of a quantitative criterion***by*Ardie Lubin & Hobart Osburn**75-78 The expected variance of the sampling errors for a set of item-criterion correlations***by*Hubert Brogden**79-81 A necessary and sufficient formula for matric factoring***by*Louis Guttman**83-86 Exact probabilities for contingency tables using binomial coefficients***by*James Sakoda & Burton Cohen**87-95 A stochastic model for rote serial learning***by*Richard Atkinson**97-104 A computational procedure for tau correlation***by*Desmond Cartwright**105-107 Iterative inverse factor analysis—A rapid method for clustering persons***by*Bernard Bass

### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 4

**313-329 The scale grid: Some interrelations of data models***by*Clyde Coombs**331-347 Efficient estimation and local identification in latent class analysis***by*Richard McHugh**349-366 The selection of judges for preference testing***by*R. Bock**367-375 An empirical evaluation of multidimensional successive intervals***by*Samuel Messick**377-381 A new scaling technique for absolute judgments***by*Burton Rosner**383-393 Determination of the number of independent parameters of a score matrix from the examination of rank orders***by*Joseph Bennett

### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 3

**219-228 The relation between information and variance analyses***by*W. Garner & William McGill**229-244 Measurement of subjective values***by*Harold Gulliksen**245-252 Maximizing test battery prediction when the weights are required to be non-negative***by*Joseph Lev**253-266 The matching problem***by*Edgar Gilbert**267-272 A comparison of game theory and learning theory***by*Herbert Simon**273-285 “Best possible” systematic estimates of communalities***by*Louis Guttman**287-290 Rank-biserial correlation***by*Edward Cureton**291-294 A nomogram for factor analysts***by*P. Deuel**295-297 A note on the estimation of nonspurious correlations***by*William Angoff**299-304 The variance of the number of mutual choices in sociometry***by*Leo Katz & Thurlow Wilson**305-305 A note on Jenkins' “improved method for tetrachoricr”***by*Joshua Fishman**307-308 Book review***by*A. Householder

### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 2

**111-124 Optimal test length for maximum absolute prediction***by*Paul Horst & Charlotte MacEwan**125-134 A least squares solution for paired comparisons with incomplete data***by*Harold Gulliksen**135-144 Proportional profiles and latent structure***by*W. Gibson**145-152 A non-parametric test of correlation using rank orders within subgroups***by*Warren Torgerson**153-164 Maximizing test validity by item selection***by*Harold Webster**165-183 The validity of the successive intervals method of psychometric scaling***by*William Rozeboom & Lyle Jones**185-190 Relationships between two systems of factor analysis***by*C. Harris**191-205 Testing message diffusion in harmonic logistic curves***by*Stuart Dodd**207-216 A method for obtaining an ordered metric scale***by*Sidney Siegel**217-218 Book reviews***by*William Feller & Robert Thorndike

### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 1

**1-15 The additive constant problem in multidimensional scaling***by*Samuel Messick & Robert Abelson**17-29 A rapid non-parametric estimate of multi-judge reliability***by*Desmond Cartwright**31-50 A study of speed factors in tests and academic grades***by*Frederic Lord**51-66 Optimal test length for maximum differential prediction***by*Paul Horst**67-77 The regression of gains upon initial scores***by*R. Garside**79-88 A method of scalogram analysis using summary statistics***by*Bert Green**89-92 Note on Carroll's analytic simple structure***by*Henry Kaiser**93-98 Book reviews***by*Edward Cureton & John Milholland & R. Luce

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 4

**263-265 Louis Leon Thurstone***by*J. Guilford**267-271 Psychometric theory: General and specific***by*Ledyard Tucker**273-287 F-test bias for experimental designs of the Latin square type***by*Neil Gourlay**289-297 Characteristics of two measures of profile similarity***by*Chester Harris**299-305 The estimation of the discriminal dispersion in the method of successive intervals***by*Raymond Burros**307-318 The law of comparative judgment in the successive intervals and graphic rating scale methods***by*H. Rimoldi & M. Hormaeche**319-327 A statistical model for relational analysis***by*R. Luce & Josiah Macy & Renato Tagiuri

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 3

**171-172 Sir Godfrey Thomson***by*L. Thurstone**173-192 A generalized simplex for factor analysis***by*Louis Guttman**193-200 Equating test scores—A maximum likelihood solution***by*Frederic Lord**201-208 Axioms of a theory of discrimination learning***by*Frank Restle**209-225 The objective definition of simple structure in linear factor analysis***by*Ledyard Tucker**227-248 F-test bias for experimental designs in educational research***by*Neil Gourlay**249-252 Least squares estimates and optimal classification***by*Hubert Brogden**253-258 An improved method for tetrachoricr***by*W. Jenkins**259-262 Book reviews***by*Charles Wrigley & Walter Durost

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 2

**93-111 Estimation and tests of significance in factor analysis***by*C. Rao**113-124 Reliability formulas for noncompleted or speeded tests***by*Louis Guttman**125-138 A mathematical model for conditioning***by*G. Boguslavsky**139-148 Two models of group behavior in the solution of eureka-type problems***by*Irving Lorge & Herbert Solomon**149-162 On the design of automata and the interpretation of cerebral behavior***by*Stanley Frankel**163-169 Book reviews***by*Bert Green & Harold Webster & William Michael & H. Eysenck

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 1

**1-22 Sampling fluctuations resulting from the sampling of test items***by*Frederic Lord**23-28 Separation of data as a principle in factor analysis***by*Chester Harris**29-50 The choice of an error term in analysis of variance designs***by*Arnold Binder**51-61 A rational curve relating length of rest period and length of subsequent work period for an ergographic experiment***by*Ledyard Tucker**63-68 A measure of interrelationship for overlapping groups***by*Ben Winer**69-73 An extension of Anderson's solution for the latent structure equations***by*W. Gibson**75-81 A factor analysis of mental abilities and personality traits***by*J. Denton & Calvin Taylor**83-85 A tabular method of obtaining tetrachoricr with median-cut variables***by*George Welsh**87-92 An IBM method for computing intraserial correlations***by*M. Payne & Leonard Staugas

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 4

**263-270 Report on a psychometric mission to clinicia***by*Lee Cronbach**271-279 An empirical comparison of restricted and general latent distance analysis***by*David Hays & Edgar Borgatta**281-290 The concept of parsimony in factor analysis***by*George Ferguson**291-296 The maximum expected correlation between two multiple-choice tests***by*Paul Horst**297-311 A factor-analytic study of creative-thinking abilities***by*Robert Wilson & J. Guilford & Paul Christensen & Donald Lewis**313-325 The reliability of a point biserial coefficient of correlation***by*Norman Perry & William Michael**327-335 Book reviews***by*Lee Cronbach & Goldine Gleser & William Stephenson & William Madow

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 3

**173-182 An analytical method for simple structure***by*L. Thurstone**183-194 A method for the study of interstimulus similarity***by*Clyde Coombs**195-203 Two kinds of factor analysis?***by*Raymond Hartley**205-208 A simple proof of a personnel classification theorem***by*Hubert Brogden**209-230 Verification of hypothesized factors in one hundred and fifteen objective personality test designs***by*R. Cattell & S. Dubin & D. Saunders**231-237 Note on construction of an item analysis table for the high-low-27-per-cent group method***by*C. Fan**239-252 Changes in factor structure of a complex psychomotor test as a function of practice***by*Edwin Fleishman & Walter Hempel**253-256 Osgood and Suci's measure of pattern similarity andQ-technique factor analysis***by*James Sakoda**257-259 A computing chart for the point biserial correlation coefficient***by*Harvey Dingman**261-262 A note on item analysis with an electronic computer***by*James Ziegler

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 2

**95-96 Karl John Holzinger***by*Harry Harman**97-116 Multivariate information transmission***by*William McGill**117-139 A least squares solution for successive intervals assuming unequal standard deviations***by*Harold Gulliksen**141-148 A rationale for minimizing distortion in personality questionnaire keys***by*Hubert Brogden**149-161 Some necessary conditions for common-factor analysis***by*Louis Guttman**163-164 Note on “A Table for the Rapid Determination of the Tetrachoric Correlation Coefficient”***by*Melvin Davidoff**165-172 Book reviews***by*John Milholland & Irving Copi & W. Garner

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 1

**1-10 On estimation of parameters in latent structure analysis***by*T. Anderson**11-26 Solution of the personnel classification problem with the method of optimal regions***by*Paul Dwyer**27-38 The mathematical theory of factorial invariance under selection***by*Yrjö Ahmavaara**39-55 The square root method and multiple group methods of factor analysis***by*Harry Harman**57-64 A solution for case iii of the law of comparative judgment***by*Raymond Burros & W. Gibson**65-70 The predicted and observed effect of chance success on multiple-choice test validity***by*Lynnette Plumlee**71-78 A second-order factor analysis of reasoning abilities***by*Leonard Matin & Dorothy Adkins**79-88 Note on the selection of a panel of judges so as to maximize panel efficiency***by*Stephen Harrison & Norman Ishler & Elsie Laue**89-94 Book reviews***by*Allen Edwards & Rudolph Berkhouse & William Michael

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 4

**267-276 Who belongs in the family?***by*Robert Thorndike**277-296 Image theory for the structure of quantitative variates***by*Louis Guttman**297-307 A generalization of Thurstone's learning function***by*Harold Gulliksen**309-317 Maximizing the discriminating power of a multiple-score test***by*Jane Loevinger & Goldine Gleser & Philip DuBois**319-325 Some applications of attribute prediction theory to psychophysics***by*Norman Perry**327-336 Notes on an approximation method for fitting parabolic equations to experimental data***by*A. Chapanis

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 3

**191-205 Application of a large sampling criterion to some sampling problems in factor analysis***by*Dayle Rippe**207-211 Approximating maximum test validity by a non-parametric method***by*Harold Webster**213-218 A note on the Neyman-Johnson technique***by*Robert Abelson**219-224 The stability of the factorial pattern of aircrew classification tests in four analyses***by*Virginia Zachert & Gabriel Friedman**225-239 Reliability formulas that do not assume experimental independence***by*Louis Guttman**241-243 Note on Miller's “Finite Markov Processes in Psychology”***by*Richard Kao**245-248 A further note on “Finite Markov Processes in Psychology”***by*Leo Goodman**249-256 A proposed index of the conformity of one sociometric measurement to another***by*Leo Katz & James Powell**257-265 Differences in factor content of rights and wrongs scores***by*Benjamin Fruchter

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 2

**97-110 Estimation of the correlation coefficient in the case of a bivariate normal population when one of the variables is dichotomized***by*J. Maritz**111-113 A simple procedure for rearranging matrices***by*W. Gibson**115-121 A table for the rapid determination of the tetrachoric correlation coefficient***by*Melvin Davidoff & Howard Goheen**123-130 A special review of Harold Gulliksen,Theory of Mental Tests***by*Louis Guttman**131-133 Comments on Guttman's review ofTheory of Mental Tests***by*Harold Gulliksen**135-160 A factor-analytic study of reasoning abilities***by*Russel Green & J. Guilford & Paul Christensen & Andrew Comrey**161-179 A method for factoring large numbers of items***by*Robert Wherry & Ben Winer**181-188 Book reviews***by*John French & Lyle Jones & G. Miller & Edward Bordin

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 1

**1-14 Test reliability and effective test length***by*William Angoff**15-21 A least-squares solution for case IV of the law of comparative judgment***by*W. Gibson**23-38 An analytical solution for approximating simple structure in factor analysis***by*John Carroll**39-43 A new status index derived from sociometric analysis***by*Leo Katz**45-55 A factor analysis of intra-task performance on two psychomotor tests***by*Edwin Fleishman**57-76 An application of confidence intervals and of maximum likelihood to the estimation of an examinee's ability***by*Frederic Lord