# Springer

&

The Psychometric Society

# Psychometrika

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Web: http://www.springer.com/psychology/journal/11336/PS2

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**For corrections or technical questions regarding this series, please contact (Sonal Shukla) or (Rebekah McClure)**

**Series handle:**repec:spr:psycho

**ISSN:**0033-3123

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### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 3

**229-244 Measurement of subjective values***by*Harold Gulliksen**245-252 Maximizing test battery prediction when the weights are required to be non-negative***by*Joseph Lev**253-266 The matching problem***by*Edgar Gilbert**267-272 A comparison of game theory and learning theory***by*Herbert Simon**273-285 “Best possible” systematic estimates of communalities***by*Louis Guttman**287-290 Rank-biserial correlation***by*Edward Cureton**291-294 A nomogram for factor analysts***by*P. Deuel**295-297 A note on the estimation of nonspurious correlations***by*William Angoff**299-304 The variance of the number of mutual choices in sociometry***by*Leo Katz & Thurlow Wilson**305-305 A note on Jenkins' “improved method for tetrachoricr”***by*Joshua Fishman**307-308 Book review***by*A. Householder

### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 2

**111-124 Optimal test length for maximum absolute prediction***by*Paul Horst & Charlotte MacEwan**125-134 A least squares solution for paired comparisons with incomplete data***by*Harold Gulliksen**135-144 Proportional profiles and latent structure***by*W. Gibson**145-152 A non-parametric test of correlation using rank orders within subgroups***by*Warren Torgerson**153-164 Maximizing test validity by item selection***by*Harold Webster**165-183 The validity of the successive intervals method of psychometric scaling***by*William Rozeboom & Lyle Jones**185-190 Relationships between two systems of factor analysis***by*C. Harris**191-205 Testing message diffusion in harmonic logistic curves***by*Stuart Dodd**207-216 A method for obtaining an ordered metric scale***by*Sidney Siegel**217-218 Book reviews***by*William Feller & Robert Thorndike

### 1956, Volume 21, Issue 1

**1-15 The additive constant problem in multidimensional scaling***by*Samuel Messick & Robert Abelson**17-29 A rapid non-parametric estimate of multi-judge reliability***by*Desmond Cartwright**31-50 A study of speed factors in tests and academic grades***by*Frederic Lord**51-66 Optimal test length for maximum differential prediction***by*Paul Horst**67-77 The regression of gains upon initial scores***by*R. Garside**79-88 A method of scalogram analysis using summary statistics***by*Bert Green**89-92 Note on Carroll's analytic simple structure***by*Henry Kaiser**93-98 Book reviews***by*Edward Cureton & John Milholland & R. Luce

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 4

**263-265 Louis Leon Thurstone***by*J. Guilford**267-271 Psychometric theory: General and specific***by*Ledyard Tucker**273-287 F-test bias for experimental designs of the Latin square type***by*Neil Gourlay**289-297 Characteristics of two measures of profile similarity***by*Chester Harris**299-305 The estimation of the discriminal dispersion in the method of successive intervals***by*Raymond Burros**307-318 The law of comparative judgment in the successive intervals and graphic rating scale methods***by*H. Rimoldi & M. Hormaeche**319-327 A statistical model for relational analysis***by*R. Luce & Josiah Macy & Renato Tagiuri

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 3

**171-172 Sir Godfrey Thomson***by*L. Thurstone**173-192 A generalized simplex for factor analysis***by*Louis Guttman**193-200 Equating test scores—A maximum likelihood solution***by*Frederic Lord**201-208 Axioms of a theory of discrimination learning***by*Frank Restle**209-225 The objective definition of simple structure in linear factor analysis***by*Ledyard Tucker**227-248 F-test bias for experimental designs in educational research***by*Neil Gourlay**249-252 Least squares estimates and optimal classification***by*Hubert Brogden**253-258 An improved method for tetrachoricr***by*W. Jenkins**259-262 Book reviews***by*Charles Wrigley & Walter Durost

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 2

**93-111 Estimation and tests of significance in factor analysis***by*C. Rao**113-124 Reliability formulas for noncompleted or speeded tests***by*Louis Guttman**125-138 A mathematical model for conditioning***by*G. Boguslavsky**139-148 Two models of group behavior in the solution of eureka-type problems***by*Irving Lorge & Herbert Solomon**149-162 On the design of automata and the interpretation of cerebral behavior***by*Stanley Frankel**163-169 Book reviews***by*Bert Green & Harold Webster & William Michael & H. Eysenck

### 1955, Volume 20, Issue 1

**1-22 Sampling fluctuations resulting from the sampling of test items***by*Frederic Lord**23-28 Separation of data as a principle in factor analysis***by*Chester Harris**29-50 The choice of an error term in analysis of variance designs***by*Arnold Binder**51-61 A rational curve relating length of rest period and length of subsequent work period for an ergographic experiment***by*Ledyard Tucker**63-68 A measure of interrelationship for overlapping groups***by*Ben Winer**69-73 An extension of Anderson's solution for the latent structure equations***by*W. Gibson**75-81 A factor analysis of mental abilities and personality traits***by*J. Denton & Calvin Taylor**83-85 A tabular method of obtaining tetrachoricr with median-cut variables***by*George Welsh**87-92 An IBM method for computing intraserial correlations***by*M. Payne & Leonard Staugas

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 4

**263-270 Report on a psychometric mission to clinicia***by*Lee Cronbach**271-279 An empirical comparison of restricted and general latent distance analysis***by*David Hays & Edgar Borgatta**281-290 The concept of parsimony in factor analysis***by*George Ferguson**291-296 The maximum expected correlation between two multiple-choice tests***by*Paul Horst**297-311 A factor-analytic study of creative-thinking abilities***by*Robert Wilson & J. Guilford & Paul Christensen & Donald Lewis**313-325 The reliability of a point biserial coefficient of correlation***by*Norman Perry & William Michael**327-335 Book reviews***by*Lee Cronbach & Goldine Gleser & William Stephenson & William Madow

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 3

**173-182 An analytical method for simple structure***by*L. Thurstone**183-194 A method for the study of interstimulus similarity***by*Clyde Coombs**195-203 Two kinds of factor analysis?***by*Raymond Hartley**205-208 A simple proof of a personnel classification theorem***by*Hubert Brogden**209-230 Verification of hypothesized factors in one hundred and fifteen objective personality test designs***by*R. Cattell & S. Dubin & D. Saunders**231-237 Note on construction of an item analysis table for the high-low-27-per-cent group method***by*C. Fan**239-252 Changes in factor structure of a complex psychomotor test as a function of practice***by*Edwin Fleishman & Walter Hempel**253-256 Osgood and Suci's measure of pattern similarity andQ-technique factor analysis***by*James Sakoda**257-259 A computing chart for the point biserial correlation coefficient***by*Harvey Dingman**261-262 A note on item analysis with an electronic computer***by*James Ziegler

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 2

**95-96 Karl John Holzinger***by*Harry Harman**97-116 Multivariate information transmission***by*William McGill**117-139 A least squares solution for successive intervals assuming unequal standard deviations***by*Harold Gulliksen**141-148 A rationale for minimizing distortion in personality questionnaire keys***by*Hubert Brogden**149-161 Some necessary conditions for common-factor analysis***by*Louis Guttman**163-164 Note on “A Table for the Rapid Determination of the Tetrachoric Correlation Coefficient”***by*Melvin Davidoff**165-172 Book reviews***by*John Milholland & Irving Copi & W. Garner

### 1954, Volume 19, Issue 1

**1-10 On estimation of parameters in latent structure analysis***by*T. Anderson**11-26 Solution of the personnel classification problem with the method of optimal regions***by*Paul Dwyer**27-38 The mathematical theory of factorial invariance under selection***by*Yrjö Ahmavaara**39-55 The square root method and multiple group methods of factor analysis***by*Harry Harman**57-64 A solution for case iii of the law of comparative judgment***by*Raymond Burros & W. Gibson**65-70 The predicted and observed effect of chance success on multiple-choice test validity***by*Lynnette Plumlee**71-78 A second-order factor analysis of reasoning abilities***by*Leonard Matin & Dorothy Adkins**79-88 Note on the selection of a panel of judges so as to maximize panel efficiency***by*Stephen Harrison & Norman Ishler & Elsie Laue**89-94 Book reviews***by*Allen Edwards & Rudolph Berkhouse & William Michael

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 4

**267-276 Who belongs in the family?***by*Robert Thorndike**277-296 Image theory for the structure of quantitative variates***by*Louis Guttman**297-307 A generalization of Thurstone's learning function***by*Harold Gulliksen**309-317 Maximizing the discriminating power of a multiple-score test***by*Jane Loevinger & Goldine Gleser & Philip DuBois**319-325 Some applications of attribute prediction theory to psychophysics***by*Norman Perry**327-336 Notes on an approximation method for fitting parabolic equations to experimental data***by*A. Chapanis

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 3

**191-205 Application of a large sampling criterion to some sampling problems in factor analysis***by*Dayle Rippe**207-211 Approximating maximum test validity by a non-parametric method***by*Harold Webster**213-218 A note on the Neyman-Johnson technique***by*Robert Abelson**219-224 The stability of the factorial pattern of aircrew classification tests in four analyses***by*Virginia Zachert & Gabriel Friedman**225-239 Reliability formulas that do not assume experimental independence***by*Louis Guttman**241-243 Note on Miller's “Finite Markov Processes in Psychology”***by*Richard Kao**245-248 A further note on “Finite Markov Processes in Psychology”***by*Leo Goodman**249-256 A proposed index of the conformity of one sociometric measurement to another***by*Leo Katz & James Powell**257-265 Differences in factor content of rights and wrongs scores***by*Benjamin Fruchter

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 2

**97-110 Estimation of the correlation coefficient in the case of a bivariate normal population when one of the variables is dichotomized***by*J. Maritz**111-113 A simple procedure for rearranging matrices***by*W. Gibson**115-121 A table for the rapid determination of the tetrachoric correlation coefficient***by*Melvin Davidoff & Howard Goheen**123-130 A special review of Harold Gulliksen,Theory of Mental Tests***by*Louis Guttman**131-133 Comments on Guttman's review ofTheory of Mental Tests***by*Harold Gulliksen**135-160 A factor-analytic study of reasoning abilities***by*Russel Green & J. Guilford & Paul Christensen & Andrew Comrey**161-179 A method for factoring large numbers of items***by*Robert Wherry & Ben Winer**181-188 Book reviews***by*John French & Lyle Jones & G. Miller & Edward Bordin

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 1

**1-14 Test reliability and effective test length***by*William Angoff**15-21 A least-squares solution for case IV of the law of comparative judgment***by*W. Gibson**23-38 An analytical solution for approximating simple structure in factor analysis***by*John Carroll**39-43 A new status index derived from sociometric analysis***by*Leo Katz**45-55 A factor analysis of intra-task performance on two psychomotor tests***by*Edwin Fleishman**57-76 An application of confidence intervals and of maximum likelihood to the estimation of an examinee's ability***by*Frederic Lord**77-93 A revised orthogonal rotational solution for Thurstone's original primary mental abilities test battery***by*Wayne Zimmerman**95-96 Book review***by*L. Klein

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 4

**359-368 Methodology in psychology***by*John Flanagan**369-396 A statistical description of verbal learning***by*George Miller & William McGill**397-399 Note on the scaling of ratings or rankings when the numbers per subject are unequal***by*Edward Cureton**401-419 Multidimensional scaling: I. Theory and method***by*Warren Torgerson**421-428 The average spearman rank correlation coefficient***by*Samuel Lyerly**429-440 The orthogonal approximation of an oblique structure in factor analysis***by*Bert Green**441-442 Book review***by*A. Householder

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 3

**239-247 A two-sample test***by*Lincoln Moses**249-253 A note on cluster-directed analysis***by*C. Adcock**255-266 Methods of solving some personnel-classification problems***by*D. Votaw**267-288 The closure factors related to other cognitive processes***by*Carol Pemberton**289-296 Some examples of multivariate analysis in educational and psychological research***by*Fred Tyler**297-304 Notes on a problem of multiple classification***by*Frederic Lord**305-310 The rolling totals method of computing sums, sums of squares, and sums of cross-products***by*J. Ayers & J. Stanley**311-316 An extended table of chi-square for two degrees of freedom, for use in combining probabilities from independent samples***by*Mordecai Gordon & Edward Loveland & Edward Cureton**317-323 Orthogonal and oblique simple structures***by*W. Gibson**325-330 Companion nomographs for testing the significance of the difference between uncorrelated percentages***by*Valentine Appel**331-346 On the economies of a pre-screening technique for aptitude test batteries***by*A. Arbous & H. Sichel**347-352 The factorial composition and validity of differently speeded tests***by*Charles Myers**353-354 Book review***by*Harry Harman

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 2

**127-147 Efficiency of multiple-choice tests as a function of spread of item difficulties***by*Lee Cronbach & Willard Warrington**149-167 Finite markov processes in psychology***by*George Miller**169-180 An internal consistency check for scale values determined by the method of successive intervals***by*Allen Edwards & L. Thurstone**181-194 The relation of the reliability of multiple-choice tests to the distribution of item difficulties***by*Frederic Lord**195-208 On the determination of redundancies in sociometric chains***by*Ian Ross & Frank Harary**209-222 Multiple group methods for common-factor analysis: Their basis, computation, and interpretation***by*Louis Guttman**223-229 A technique for facilitating the rotation of factor axes, based on an equivalence between persons and tests***by*Joseph Sandler**231-238 IBM computation of sums of products for positive and negative numbers***by*Paul Burke

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 1

**1-39 The selective efficiency of a test battery***by*Herbert Sichel**41-43 Note on the computation of biserial correlations in item analysis***by*Laurence Siegel & Edward Cureton**45-68 Factor analysis of the army air forces sheppard field battery of experimental aptitude tests***by*J. Guilford & Benjamin Fruchter & Wayne Zimmerman**69-86 The effect of difficulty and chance success on item-test correlation and on test reliability***by*Lynnette Plumlee**87-100 A factor analysis of women's measurements taken for garment and pattern construction***by*Helen Heath**101-106 A technique for criterion-keying and selecting test items***by*John French**107-126 A factorial study of temperament***by*Melany Baehr

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 4

**353-359 The factors in factoring behavior***by*Quinn McNemar**361-386 A factorial study of the reasoning and closure factors***by*William Botzum**387-406 Mathematical structures and psychological measurements***by*André Weitzenhoffer**407-424 Estimation of the reliability of ratings***by*Robert Ebel**425-437 A square root method of selecting a minimum set of variables in multiple regression: II. A worked example***by*A. Lubin & A. Summerfield**439-442 Book reviews***by*Jane Loevinger & Quinn McNemar

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 3

**247-269 A special review ofThe American Soldier, Vol. IV***by*Philip McCarthy**271-284 A square root method of selecting a minimum set of variables in multiple regression: I. The method***by*A. Summerfield & A. Lubin**285-296 Effect of group heterogeneity on item parameters***by*Harold Gulliksen**297-334 Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests***by*Lee Cronbach**335-346 Estimation of other coefficients of correlation from the phi coefficient***by*J. Guilford & Norman Perry**347-351 Book Reviews***by*H. Landahl & Ardie Lubin & Clyde Coombs

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 2

**151-166 A general solution for the latent class model of latent structure analysis***by*Bert Green**167-188 Time-limit tests: Estimating their reliability and degree of speeding***by*Lee Cronbach & W. Warrington**189-202 Optimal test length for maximum battery validity***by*Paul Horst**203-206 Remarks on the method of paired comparisons: II. The effect of an aberrant standard deviation when equal standard deviations and equal correlations are assumed***by*Frederick Mosteller**207-218 Remarks on the method of paired comparisons: III. A test of significance for paired comparisons when equal standard deviations and equal correlations are assumed***by*Frederick Mosteller**219-232 Rate of addition as a function of difficulty and age***by*James Birren & Jack Botwinick**233-238 A mechanical model illustrating the scatter diagram with oblique test vectors***by*Harold Gulliksen & Ledyard Tucker**239-242 A graphical method for the rapid calculation of biserial and point biserial correlation in test research***by*Howard Goheen & Melvin Davidoff**243-245 Book reviews***by*David Grant & Robert Chapman

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 1

**1-2 Charles Jsaar Mosier 1910–1951***by*Harold Gulliksen**3-9 Remarks on the method of paired comparisons: I. The least squares solution assuming equal standard deviations and equal correlations***by*Frederick Mosteller**11-20 The dimensions of temperament***by*L. Thurstone**21-30 A note on correcting for chance success in objective tests***by*Samuel Lyerly**31-50 Classification by multivariate analysis***by*T. Anderson**51-56 The relationship between the method of successive residuals and the method of exhaustion***by*Wilbur Layton**57-66 The relationship between the validity of a single test and its contribution to the predictive efficiency of a test battery***by*Paul Horst**67-74 An empirical verification of the Wherry-Gaylord iterative factor analysis procedure***by*Robert Wherry & Joel Campbell & Robert Perloff**75-101 The central intellective factor***by*H. Rimoldi**103-106 On the standard length of a test***by*Max Woodbury**107-127 The estimation of the parameters of a negative binomial distribution with special reference to psychological data***by*Herbert Sichel**129-139 A successive approximation method of maximizing test validity***by*Goldine Gleser & Philip DuBois**141-146 Book review***by*Walter Rosenblith

### 1950, Volume 15, Issue 4

**331-338 A superior rotational method in factor analysis or psychometricians in government service***by*Dorothy Adkins**339-347 Estimation of parameters in a truncated trivariate normal distribution***by*D. Votaw & J. Rafferty & W. Deemer**349-367 The Johnson-Neyman technique, its theory and application***by*Palmer Johnson & Leo Fay**369-384 The comparability of scores from three mathematics tests of the college entrance examination board***by*Douglas Schultz**385-389 On the effect of the cutting score when selection is performed against a dichotomized criterion***by*Z. Birnbaum**391-406 Maximizing predictive efficiency for a fixed total testing time***by*Calvin Taylor**407-408 A note on optimal test length***by*Paul Horst