# Springer

# Psychometrika

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### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 3

**257-265 Differences in factor content of rights and wrongs scores***by*Benjamin Fruchter

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 2

**97-110 Estimation of the correlation coefficient in the case of a bivariate normal population when one of the variables is dichotomized***by*J. Maritz**111-113 A simple procedure for rearranging matrices***by*W. Gibson**115-121 A table for the rapid determination of the tetrachoric correlation coefficient***by*Melvin Davidoff & Howard Goheen**123-130 A special review of Harold Gulliksen,Theory of Mental Tests***by*Louis Guttman**131-133 Comments on Guttman's review ofTheory of Mental Tests***by*Harold Gulliksen**135-160 A factor-analytic study of reasoning abilities***by*Russel Green & J. Guilford & Paul Christensen & Andrew Comrey**161-179 A method for factoring large numbers of items***by*Robert Wherry & Ben Winer**181-188 Book reviews***by*John French & Lyle Jones & G. Miller & Edward Bordin

### 1953, Volume 18, Issue 1

**1-14 Test reliability and effective test length***by*William Angoff**15-21 A least-squares solution for case IV of the law of comparative judgment***by*W. Gibson**23-38 An analytical solution for approximating simple structure in factor analysis***by*John Carroll**39-43 A new status index derived from sociometric analysis***by*Leo Katz**45-55 A factor analysis of intra-task performance on two psychomotor tests***by*Edwin Fleishman**57-76 An application of confidence intervals and of maximum likelihood to the estimation of an examinee's ability***by*Frederic Lord**77-93 A revised orthogonal rotational solution for Thurstone's original primary mental abilities test battery***by*Wayne Zimmerman**95-96 Book review***by*L. Klein

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 4

**359-368 Methodology in psychology***by*John Flanagan**369-396 A statistical description of verbal learning***by*George Miller & William McGill**397-399 Note on the scaling of ratings or rankings when the numbers per subject are unequal***by*Edward Cureton**401-419 Multidimensional scaling: I. Theory and method***by*Warren Torgerson**421-428 The average spearman rank correlation coefficient***by*Samuel Lyerly**429-440 The orthogonal approximation of an oblique structure in factor analysis***by*Bert Green**441-442 Book review***by*A. Householder

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 3

**239-247 A two-sample test***by*Lincoln Moses**249-253 A note on cluster-directed analysis***by*C. Adcock**255-266 Methods of solving some personnel-classification problems***by*D. Votaw**267-288 The closure factors related to other cognitive processes***by*Carol Pemberton**289-296 Some examples of multivariate analysis in educational and psychological research***by*Fred Tyler**297-304 Notes on a problem of multiple classification***by*Frederic Lord**305-310 The rolling totals method of computing sums, sums of squares, and sums of cross-products***by*J. Ayers & J. Stanley**311-316 An extended table of chi-square for two degrees of freedom, for use in combining probabilities from independent samples***by*Mordecai Gordon & Edward Loveland & Edward Cureton**317-323 Orthogonal and oblique simple structures***by*W. Gibson**325-330 Companion nomographs for testing the significance of the difference between uncorrelated percentages***by*Valentine Appel**331-346 On the economies of a pre-screening technique for aptitude test batteries***by*A. Arbous & H. Sichel**347-352 The factorial composition and validity of differently speeded tests***by*Charles Myers**353-354 Book review***by*Harry Harman

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 2

**127-147 Efficiency of multiple-choice tests as a function of spread of item difficulties***by*Lee Cronbach & Willard Warrington**149-167 Finite markov processes in psychology***by*George Miller**169-180 An internal consistency check for scale values determined by the method of successive intervals***by*Allen Edwards & L. Thurstone**181-194 The relation of the reliability of multiple-choice tests to the distribution of item difficulties***by*Frederic Lord**195-208 On the determination of redundancies in sociometric chains***by*Ian Ross & Frank Harary**209-222 Multiple group methods for common-factor analysis: Their basis, computation, and interpretation***by*Louis Guttman**223-229 A technique for facilitating the rotation of factor axes, based on an equivalence between persons and tests***by*Joseph Sandler**231-238 IBM computation of sums of products for positive and negative numbers***by*Paul Burke

### 1952, Volume 17, Issue 1

**1-39 The selective efficiency of a test battery***by*Herbert Sichel**41-43 Note on the computation of biserial correlations in item analysis***by*Laurence Siegel & Edward Cureton**45-68 Factor analysis of the army air forces sheppard field battery of experimental aptitude tests***by*J. Guilford & Benjamin Fruchter & Wayne Zimmerman**69-86 The effect of difficulty and chance success on item-test correlation and on test reliability***by*Lynnette Plumlee**87-100 A factor analysis of women's measurements taken for garment and pattern construction***by*Helen Heath**101-106 A technique for criterion-keying and selecting test items***by*John French**107-126 A factorial study of temperament***by*Melany Baehr

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 4

**353-359 The factors in factoring behavior***by*Quinn McNemar**361-386 A factorial study of the reasoning and closure factors***by*William Botzum**387-406 Mathematical structures and psychological measurements***by*André Weitzenhoffer**407-424 Estimation of the reliability of ratings***by*Robert Ebel**425-437 A square root method of selecting a minimum set of variables in multiple regression: II. A worked example***by*A. Lubin & A. Summerfield**439-442 Book reviews***by*Jane Loevinger & Quinn McNemar

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 3

**247-269 A special review ofThe American Soldier, Vol. IV***by*Philip McCarthy**271-284 A square root method of selecting a minimum set of variables in multiple regression: I. The method***by*A. Summerfield & A. Lubin**285-296 Effect of group heterogeneity on item parameters***by*Harold Gulliksen**297-334 Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests***by*Lee Cronbach**335-346 Estimation of other coefficients of correlation from the phi coefficient***by*J. Guilford & Norman Perry**347-351 Book Reviews***by*H. Landahl & Ardie Lubin & Clyde Coombs

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 2

**151-166 A general solution for the latent class model of latent structure analysis***by*Bert Green**167-188 Time-limit tests: Estimating their reliability and degree of speeding***by*Lee Cronbach & W. Warrington**189-202 Optimal test length for maximum battery validity***by*Paul Horst**203-206 Remarks on the method of paired comparisons: II. The effect of an aberrant standard deviation when equal standard deviations and equal correlations are assumed***by*Frederick Mosteller**207-218 Remarks on the method of paired comparisons: III. A test of significance for paired comparisons when equal standard deviations and equal correlations are assumed***by*Frederick Mosteller**219-232 Rate of addition as a function of difficulty and age***by*James Birren & Jack Botwinick**233-238 A mechanical model illustrating the scatter diagram with oblique test vectors***by*Harold Gulliksen & Ledyard Tucker**239-242 A graphical method for the rapid calculation of biserial and point biserial correlation in test research***by*Howard Goheen & Melvin Davidoff**243-245 Book reviews***by*David Grant & Robert Chapman

### 1951, Volume 16, Issue 1

**1-2 Charles Jsaar Mosier 1910–1951***by*Harold Gulliksen**3-9 Remarks on the method of paired comparisons: I. The least squares solution assuming equal standard deviations and equal correlations***by*Frederick Mosteller**11-20 The dimensions of temperament***by*L. Thurstone**21-30 A note on correcting for chance success in objective tests***by*Samuel Lyerly**31-50 Classification by multivariate analysis***by*T. Anderson**51-56 The relationship between the method of successive residuals and the method of exhaustion***by*Wilbur Layton**57-66 The relationship between the validity of a single test and its contribution to the predictive efficiency of a test battery***by*Paul Horst**67-74 An empirical verification of the Wherry-Gaylord iterative factor analysis procedure***by*Robert Wherry & Joel Campbell & Robert Perloff**75-101 The central intellective factor***by*H. Rimoldi**103-106 On the standard length of a test***by*Max Woodbury**107-127 The estimation of the parameters of a negative binomial distribution with special reference to psychological data***by*Herbert Sichel**129-139 A successive approximation method of maximizing test validity***by*Goldine Gleser & Philip DuBois**141-146 Book review***by*Walter Rosenblith

### 1950, Volume 15, Issue 4

**331-338 A superior rotational method in factor analysis or psychometricians in government service***by*Dorothy Adkins**339-347 Estimation of parameters in a truncated trivariate normal distribution***by*D. Votaw & J. Rafferty & W. Deemer**349-367 The Johnson-Neyman technique, its theory and application***by*Palmer Johnson & Leo Fay**369-384 The comparability of scores from three mathematics tests of the college entrance examination board***by*Douglas Schultz**385-389 On the effect of the cutting score when selection is performed against a dichotomized criterion***by*Z. Birnbaum**391-406 Maximizing predictive efficiency for a fixed total testing time***by*Calvin Taylor**407-408 A note on optimal test length***by*Paul Horst**409-417 Predicted differences and differences between predictions***by*William Mollenkopf**419-430 Determination of the optimum number of items to retain in a test measuring a single ability***by*B. Bedell**431-434 A comparison of two procedures for calculating discriminant function coefficients***by*John Schmid**435-439 The variance error of the P 50 -discriminant***by*Gilbert Betts**441-447 Machine short-cuts in the computation of chisquare and the contingency coefficient***by*John Carroll & C. Bennett**449-453 Book review***by*Churchill Eisenhart

### 1950, Volume 15, Issue 3

**215-235 The problem of classification of personnel***by*Robert Thorndike**237-249 Changes in common-factor loadings as tests are altered homogeneously in length***by*J. Guilford & William Michael**251-257 A test of the equality of standard errors of measurement***by*Bert Green**259-269 The reliability of speeded tests***by*Harold Gulliksen**271-289 The discrimination of two racial samples***by*Paul Horst & Stevenson Smith**291-315 An experimental study of the effects on item-analysis data of changing item placement and test time limit***by*William Mollenkopf**317-325 A proposed method for absolute ratio scaling***by*Andrew Comrey**327-329 Book reviews***by*William Michael & Hubert Brogden

### 1950, Volume 15, Issue 2

**91-114 Regression tests for several samples***by*Harold Gulliksen & S. Wilks**115-119 Test reliability and correction for attenuation***by*Helmer Johnson**121-149 On the identifiability of parameters in Thurstone's multiple factor analysis***by*Olav Reiersøl**151-168 Bias and error in multiple-choice tests***by*C. Hamilton**169-190 Connectivity and generalized cliques in sociometric group structure***by*R. Luce**191-204 On the effect of selection performed on some coordinates of a multi-dimensional population***by*Z. Birnbaum & E. Paulson & F. Andrews**205-207 The relation of the psychometric society to the federation of statistical societies***by*Harold Gulliksen & Harry Harman & Jack Dunlap**209-214 Book reviews***by*Leon Festinger & Quinn McNemar

### 1950, Volume 15, Issue 1

**1-15 Sequential sampling plans for use in psychological test work***by*Allyn Kimball**17-24 The calculation of sums of squares for interactions in the analysis of variance***by*Allen Edwards & Paul Horst**25-47 A factorial study of the multiphasic, strong, kuder, and bell inventories using a population of adult males***by*Wm. Cottle**49-55 A device for facilitating the computation of the first four moments about the mean***by*John Lyman & Pietro Marchetti**57-61 A note on the calculation of weights for maximum battery reliability***by*Bert Green**63-72 A note on the measurement of reversals of perspective***by*J. Bruner & L. Postman & F. Mosteller**73-88 Book reviews***by*Frederick Mosteller & J. Guilford & John Reiner & John Carroll

### 1949, Volume 14, Issue 4

**259-278 Matrix representation of models for the analysis of variance and covariance***by*Phillip Rulon**279-298 r p and other coefficients of pattern similarity***by*Raymond Cattell**299-331 A factor analysis of the Stanford-Binet at four age levels***by*Lyle Jones

### 1949, Volume 14, Issue 3

**169-182 A new coefficient: Application to biserial correlation and to estimation of selective efficiency***by*Hubert Brogden**183-187 Further notes on differences between percentages***by*Frances Swineford**189-229 Variation of the standard error of measurement***by*William Mollenkopf**231-241 A new iterative method for correcting erroneous communality estimates in factor analysis***by*Robert Wherry**243-250 A simplified punch card method of determining sums of squares and sums of products***by*George Castore & William Dye**257-257 Book reviews***by*T. Andrews

### 1949, Volume 14, Issue 2

**79-88 Determination of optimal test length to maximize the multiple correlation***by*Paul Horst**89-93 Note on the computation of the inverse of a triangular matrix***by*Benjamin Fruchter**95-116 A method of matrix analysis of group structure***by*R. Luce & Albert Perry**117-119 A note on the estimation of test reliability by the Kuder-Richardson formula (20)***by*Ledyard Tucker**121-135 Application of the concept of simple structure to Alexander's data***by*Mariano Yela**137-161 Development of a method for increasing the utility of multiple correlations by considering both testing time and test validity***by*W. Long & Irving Burr**163-168 Book reviews***by*Lloyd Humphreys & Lyle Jones & Leo Postman

### 1949, Volume 14, Issue 1

**1-20 A comparative study in multiple-factor analysis of “neurotic” tendency***by*I. MacCrone & A. Starfield**21-31 A generalized expression for the reliability of measures***by*Paul Horst**33-42 A factorial approach to job families***by*Clyde Coombs & George Satter**43-45 Note about the multiple group method***by*L. Thurstone**47-60 A statistical critique of the usafi tests of general educational development***by*Warren Findley & Neal Andregg**61-68 On the theory of test discrimination***by*George Ferguson**69-73 Note on the computation of product-moment correlation coefficients***by*Dorothy Adkins**75-78 Book reviews***by*Dorothy Adkins

### 1948, Volume 13, Issue 4

**197-219 War-moods: II***by*Lewis Richardson**233-243 The role of correlation in analysis of variance***by*Clyde Coombs**245-250 A note on the computation of a table of intercorrelations***by*Ledyard Tucker**251-257 Factor analysis I: Some effects of chance error***by*D. Saunders**259-267 Nomogram for the tetrachoric correlation coefficient***by*Max Hamilton**271-277 The validity of a persistence test***by*John French**279-280 A worksheet for tetrachoricr and standard error of tetrachoricr using hayes diagrams and tables***by*Howard Goheen & Samuel Kavruck**281-286 Book review***by*T. Andrews & Andrew Comrey & Philip DuBois

### 1948, Volume 13, Issue 3

**125-134 Regression weights as a function of test length***by*Paul Horst**135-146 A simplified method for approximating multiple regression coefficients***by*J. Gengerelli**147-174 War-moods: I***by*Lewis Richardson**175-179 The MacQuarrie test for mechanical ability***by*Robert Chapman**181-184 An algebraic solution for the communalities***by*Burt Rosner**185-187 Note on the “correction for continuity” in testing the significance of the difference between correlated proportions***by*Allen Edwards**189-196 Book reviews***by*D. Worcester & M. Wenger & Wilbur Gregory & C. Brown

### 1948, Volume 13, Issue 2

**59-68 A rationale for the measurement of traits in individuals***by*Clyde Coombs**69-77 A binomial method for analyzing psychological functions***by*J. Gengerelli**79-85 An efficient punched-card method of computing Σ X, ΣX 2 , ΣXY, and higher moments***by*Max Ellis & Arthur Riopelle**87-89 A note on the effects of selection in factor analysis***by*James Degan**91-93 On the computation of zero-order correlation coefficients***by*Carl Kossack**95-97 An abac for the sample range***by*Marco Schützenberger**99-114 Scale analysis and the measurement of social attitudes***by*Allen Edwards & Franklin Kilpatrick**115-124 Book reviews***by*Raymond Cattell & Lloyd Humphreys & Frank Dudek & Frederick Davis & Clark Wilson

### 1948, Volume 13, Issue 1

**1-22 Approaches to univocal factor scores***by*J. Guilford & William Michael**23-25 A table for estimating the significance of the difference between correlated percentages***by*Frances Swineford**27-46 Study of some factors related to intelligence***by*H. Rimoldi**47-54 Book reviews***by*William Michael & Frederick Davis & Kate Mueller & Edwin Ghiselli & Edward Shoben

### 1947, Volume 12, Issue 4

**239-262 A factorial study of fluency in writing***by*Calvin Taylor**263-265 A note on the reflection of signs in the extraction of centroid factors***by*J. Holley**267-288 P-technique demonstrated in determining psychophysiological source traits in a normal individual***by*R. Cattell & A. Cattell & R. Rhymer**289-293 Book reviews***by*Edward Shoben & Wilbur Gregory & Wilbur Gregory

### 1947, Volume 12, Issue 3

**171-188 Factor analysis and physical types***by*Cyril Burt**189-195 Multiple bi-serial and multiple point bi-serial correlation***by*Robert Wherry**197-220 Confirmation and clarification of primary personality factors***by*Raymond Cattell**221-232 The consistency of the items of an activity preference blank***by*H. Fowler**233-237 Book reviews***by*Roswell Johnson & William Michael & Andrew Comrey

### 1947, Volume 12, Issue 2

**65-78 Goodness of fit of trend curves and significance of trend differences***by*E. Lindquist**79-99 The estimation of reliability when several trials are available***by*Howard Alexander**101-109 An empirical comparison of methods of communality estimation***by*Francis Medland**111-125 Tables for the determination of the significance of skewness and of the significance of the difference in the skewness of two independent distributions***by*Erwin Taylor**127-133 A modified Aitken Pivotal Condensation Method for partial regression and multiple correlation***by*Alice Boven**135-140 Dynamics of the cerebral cortex automatic development of equilibrium in self-organizing systems***by*W. Ashby**141-152 Table of mean deviates for various portions of the unit normal distribution***by*Hollis Leverett**153-157 Note on the sampling error of the difference between correlated proportions or percentages***by*Quinn McNemar**159-161 Reviews***by*Alfred Baldwin & Alfred Baldwin

### 1947, Volume 12, Issue 1

**1-16 Test “reliability”: Its meaning and determination***by*Lee Cronbach**17-29 Table for determining phi coefficients***by*C. Jurgensen**31-42 The use of psychological techniques in measuring and critically analyzing Navigators' flight performance***by*Launor Carter & Frank Dudek**43-49 Analysis in terms of frequencies of differences***by*Harold Voss**51-58 An index of item validity providing a correction for chance success***by*A. Johnson**59-61 Book reviews***by*Alfred Baldwin & Robert Thorndike

### 1946, Volume 11, Issue 4

**191-196 Quantitative psychology as a rational science***by*Edward Cureton**197-214 Variation in test validity with variation in the distribution of item difficulties, number of items, and degree of their intercorrelation***by*Hubert Brogden**215-221 A first-order method for estimating correlation coefficients***by*John Weichelt