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Von Schweden lernen: Weiterbildung gering Qualifizierter im Rahmen der kommunalen Erwachsenenbildung (Komvux)

  • Schulte-Braucks, Philipp
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    Gering Qualifizierte weisen in Deutschland eine im Vergleich zum Bevölkerungsdurchschnitt deutlich niedrigere Beschäftigungsquote und Weiterbildungsbeteiligung auf. Auch im europäischen Vergleich schneidet Deutschland im Bereich der Arbeitsmarktintegration und Weiterbildung gering Qualifizierter eher schlecht ab. Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden gängige Erklärungen für die unterdurchschnittliche Weiterbildungsbeteiligung gering Qualifizierter diskutiert, und es wird anschließend nach den institutionellen Voraussetzungen gefragt, um diese Gruppe stärker in die berufliche Weiterbildung zu integrieren. Die Untersuchung konzentriert sich dabei auf das Beispiel Schweden, das sich im europäischen Vergleich durch eine auffallend hohe Beschäftigungsquote und Weiterbildungsbeteiligung gering Qualifizierter auszeichnet. Im Zentrum steht das schwedische Arbeitsmarkt- und Weiterbildungssystem. Von besonderer Bedeutung ist dabei ein innovatives System der kommunalen Erwachsenenbildung (Komvux), dessen Funktionsweise und Erfolge ausführlich dargestellt und mit Zahlen belegt werden. Ausgehend von den Befunden der schwedischen Länderstudie werden schließlich mögliche Impulse und Ansatzpunkte für die deutsche Arbeitsmarkt- und Weiterbildungspolitik diskutiert. Als Lücke im deutschen institutionellen System erweist sich dabei das Fehlen einer präventiv ausgerichteten und breit angelegten Weiterbildungsförderung, die für gering Qualifizierte eine zweite Chance zum Erwerb einer beruflichen Ausbildung eröffnen würde.

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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Skill Formation and Labor Markets with number SP I 2013-502.

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    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbslm:spi2013502
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