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Dezentrale Wirtschaftspolitik in Europa: Basis einer stabilen Währungsunion

  • Berthold, Norbert
  • Gründler, Klaus

Die gegenwärtige Ruhe in der Eurozone trügt. Der Euro steht weiter auf der Kippe. Das Machtwort von Mario Draghi hat nichts gelöst. Die Dreifach-Krise - Banken-, Staatsschulden- und Wettbewerbskrise - schwelt weiter. Das Grundübel der Währungsunion ist multiples 'moral hazard'. Finanzinstitute verlagern hohe Risiken auf die Steuerzahler. Die gegenwärtige Generation bürdet künftigen Generationen schwere Lasten auf. Länder mit anhaltenden Leistungsbilanzdefiziten leben über ihre Verhältnisse. So kann eine Währungsunion nicht funktionieren. Notwendig ist ein institutionelles Design, das es schwerer macht, auf Kosten von Dritten zu leben. Ein wettbewerblicheres Umfeld ist der Schlüssel zum Erfolg. Das gilt auch in der Wirtschaftspolitik. Die Lohn- und Tarifpolitik darf nicht europäisiert, sie muss verbetrieblicht werden. Keine zentrale, sondern eine regionalisierte Arbeits-markt- und Sozialpolitik ist das Gebot der Stunde. Die Steuer- und Ausgabenpolitik darf nicht europäisiert, sie muss stärker dezentralisiert werden. Gelingt es Europa allerdings nicht, langfristig auf einen höheren Wachstumspfad zu kommen, wird der Euro scheitern.

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Paper provided by Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 121.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:wuewwb:121
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  1. Robert J. Barro, 2003. "Determinants of Economic Growth in a Panel of Countries," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 4(2), pages 231-274, November.
  2. Heckman, James J. & Masterov, Dimitriy V., 2007. "The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children," IZA Discussion Papers 2725, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
  4. Norbert Berthold & Klaus Gründler, 2015. "The Growth Crisis of Germany: A Blueprint of the Developed Economies," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(2), pages 195-229, June.
  5. Berthold, Norbert & Gründler, Klaus, 2012. "Entrepreneurship and economic growth in a panel of countries," Discussion Paper Series 118, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
  6. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
  7. Fabrice Orlandi, 2012. "Structural unemployment and its determinants in the EU countries," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 455, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  8. Barro, Robert J, 2000. "Inequality and Growth in a Panel of Countries," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 5-32, March.
  9. Pauline Musset, 2012. "School Choice and Equity: Current Policies in OECD Countries and a Literature Review," OECD Education Working Papers 66, OECD Publishing.
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