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Measuring Spillovers of Venture Capital

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  • Watzinger, Martin
  • Schnitzer, Monika

Abstract

In this paper we measure knowledge spillovers arising from venture-capital nanced companies on the patenting activities of other companies and com- pare them to spillovers from established rms. We develop a novel measure to to identify the appropriate spillover pool based on backward citations which re ect channels for learning between rms. Using panel data of U.S. rms we show that venture capital investment in start-ups generates signi cant spillovers on the patent quantity and quality of other rms. Counterfactual estimates suggest that these spillovers are larger than those generated by corporate R&D. We address potential concerns about causality with an in- strumental variable strategy using changes in federal and state tax incentives as instrument for R&D and past fund raising as instrument for venture capital investment.

Suggested Citation

  • Watzinger, Martin & Schnitzer, Monika, 2014. "Measuring Spillovers of Venture Capital," VfS Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100318, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc14:100318
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Leogrande, Angelo & Costantiello, Alberto & Laureti, Lucio, 2021. "The Impact of Venture Capital Expenditures on Innovation in Europe," MPRA Paper 109897, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Ufuk Akcigit & William R. Kerr, 2016. "Innovation Network," CESifo Working Paper Series 6173, CESifo.
    3. Myeongwan Kim, John Lester, 2019. "R&D Spillovers in Canadian Industry: Results from a New Micro Database," CSLS Research Reports 2019-02, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
    4. Myeongwan Kim, 2019. "Does Import Competition Reduce Domestic Innovation? Evidence from the 'China Stock' and Firm-Level Data on Canadian Manufacturing," CSLS Research Reports 2019-03, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
    5. Elstner, Steffen & Grimme, Christian & Kecht, Valentin & Lehmann, Robert, 2022. "The diffusion of technological progress in ICT," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
    6. Maebayashi, Noritaka & Morimoto, Keiichi, 2022. "Global Corporate Income Tax Competition, Knowledge Spillover, and Growth," MPRA Paper 112790, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Maebayashi, Noritaka & Morimoto, Keiichi, 2022. "Global Corporate Income Tax Competition, Knowledge Spillover, and Growth," MPRA Paper 112781, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Signore, Simone & Torfs, Wouter, 2017. "The European venture capital landscape: an EIF perspective. Volume IV: The value of innovation for EIF-backed startups," EIF Working Paper Series 2017/45, European Investment Fund (EIF).
    9. Kovács, Olivér, 2020. "Gazellák az iparpolitika tükrében, I [Gazelles and industrial policy, Part 1]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 54-87.
    10. Myeongwan Kim, John Lester, 2019. "R&D Spillovers in Canadian Industry: Results from a New Micro Database," CSLS Research Reports 2019-02, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
    11. Myeongwan Kim, 2019. "Does Import Competition Reduce Domestic Innovation? Evidence from the 'China Stock' and Firm-Level Data on Canadian Manufacturing," CSLS Research Reports 2019-03, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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