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Regionale Beschäftigungswirkungen von öffentlichen Investitionen in Straßen- und Schieneninfrastruktur

  • Hirte, Georg
  • Stephan, Andreas

Wir untersuchen mittel- und langfristige regionale Beschäftigungseffekte von Veränderungen der Verkehrsinfrastruktur in den deutschen Kreisen. Dabei stehen die indirekten Effekte der Investitionen im Mittelpunkt, die sich mittelbar über die Wirkung der Veränderungen von Erreichbarkeiten ergeben. Die Erreichbarkeit und ihre Effekte auf die regionale Beschäftigung stehen daher im Fokus der Studie. Erreichbarkeit ist dabei ein Maß für die gewichtete Summe der Transportkosten, die entstehen, wenn eine Region mit allen anderen Regionen wirtschaftliche Interaktionen eingeht, die in ihrem Umfang proportional zur jeweiligen Marktgröße oder Kaufkraft der Quell- und Zielregionen sind. Die Transportkosten werden daher mit der Bevölkerungsgröße oder der wirtschaftlichen Stärke der Regionen, d.h. mit dem Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) gewichtet. Veränderungen der Infrastruktur beeinflussen die Erreichbarkeit dabei über die Veränderung der Transportkosten. Daraus folgt unmittelbar, dass Infrastrukturinvestitionen sehr unterschiedlich auf die Erreichbarkeiten wirken können. Ein Ausbau der Infrastruktur in einer Region, auf wichtigen Verbindungen zu anderen Regionen oder an wichtigen Knoten oder Kanten eines überregional bedeutenden Netzwerkes können die Erreichbarkeit einer Region relativ stark erhöhen, während der Ausbau von Nebenstrecken oder leichte Qualitätsverbesserungen an vorhandenen Strecken erheblich geringere Auswirkungen haben wird...

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Paper provided by Technische Universität Dresden, "Friedrich List" Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences, Institute of Transport and Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 2/2014.

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Date of creation: 2014
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tudiwv:22014
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