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Accessibility and Economic Development in Europe

Listed author(s):
  • Roger Vickerman
  • Klaus Spiekermann
  • Michael Wegener

VICKERMAN R., SPIEKERMANN K. and WEGENER M. (1999) Accessibility and economic development in Europe, Reg. Studies 33 , 1-15. There is continuing debate on the role of transport infrastructure and changes in accessibility on regional economic development. The emphasis in recent European Union policy on the development of trans-European Networks (TENs) provides a focus for a re-evaluation. Much of the debate assumes that improvements in accessibility will lead to economic development and, by implication, to greater cohesion. This paper identifies some of the major difficulties in defining a simple measure of accessibility for use in such studies and proceeds to evaluate new measures of time-space and accessibility surfaces which allow for greater disaggregation at a spatial and sectoral level. An assessment of the implications for regional development in the EU is then made. The conclusions cast doubt on the ability of TENs to promote greater convergence in both accessibility and economic development. VICKERMAN R., SPIEKERMANN K. et WEGENER M. (1999) Accessibilite et developpement economique en Europe, Reg. Studies 33 , 1-15. Le ro⁁le de l'infrastructure de transport et de l'accessibilite dans le developpement economique regional est toujours un sujet tres controverse. Dans le cadre de l'Union europeenne, la politique recente a mis l'accent sur le developpement des reseaux transeuropeens, ce qui permet une reevaluation. Dans une large mesure, le debat laisse supposer qu'une meilleure accessibilite incitera au developpement economique et, par la suite, a plus de cohesion. L'article distingue quelques-unes des plus grandes difficultes quant a la definition d'une mesure simple de l'accessibilite qui pourrait e⁁tre employee dans de telles etudes, et evalue de nouvelles mesures de l'espace-temps et de l'accessibilite qui permettraient une division plus importante sur le plan geographique et du point de vue sectoriel. On fait le bilan des consequences pour l'amenagement du territoire au sein de l'Union europeenne. La conclusion met en doute la capacite des reseaux transeuropeens a promouvoir une meilleure convergence quant a l'accessibilite et au developpement economique. VICKERMAN R., SPIEKERMANN K. und WEGENER M. (1999) Zuganglichkeit und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in Europa, Reg. Studies 33 , 1-15. Die Debatte uber die Rolle von Verkehrsinfrastruktur und Wandel der Zuganglichkeit auf regionalwirtschaftliche Entwicklung halt weiterhin an. Die Betonung der Entwicklung transeuropaischer Netzwerke (TEN) in den letzten politischen Diskussionen der EU liefert einen Brennpunkt fur eine erneute Einschatzung. In der Debatte wird oft vorausgesetzt, dass verbesserte Zuganglichkeit zu wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung, und implizite zu starkerem Zusammenhalt, fuhren wird. Dieser Aufsatz identifiziert einige der Hauptschwierigkeiten bei der Definition eines einfachen Massstabs der Zuganglichkeit zur Anwendung bei derartigen Studien, und beurteilt dann neue Massstabe der Zeit-Raum und Zuganglichkeitsoberflache, welche grossere Disaggregation auf raumlicher wie auf Sektorenebene gestatten. Anschliessend wird eine Einschatzung der Implikationen fur die Regionalentwicklung in der EU vorgenommen. Sie Schlussfolgerungen lassen Zweifel an der Fahigkeit transeuropaischer Netzwerke aufkommen, grossere Konvergenz von Zuganglichkeit und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung herbeizufuhren.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 1-15

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:1:p:1-15
DOI: 10.1080/00343409950118878
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Vickerman, R W, 1989. "Measuring Changes in Regional Competitiveness: The Effects of International Infrastructure Investments," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 23(4), pages 275-286.
  2. Roger Vickerman, 1997. "High-speed rail in Europe: experience and issues for future development," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 31(1), pages 21-38.
  3. Aschauer, David Alan, 1989. "Is public expenditure productive?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 177-200, March.
  4. K Spiekermann & M Wegener, 1994. "The shrinking continent: new time - space maps of Europe," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 21(6), pages 653-673, November.
  5. H C W L Williams, 1977. "On the formation of travel demand models and economic evaluation measures of user benefit," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 9(3), pages 285-344, March.
  6. Vickerman, R W, 1995. "The Regional Impacts of Trans-European Networks," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 29(2), pages 237-254, May.
  7. R.W. Vickerman, 1994. "Transport Infrastructure and Region Building in the European Community," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(1), pages 1-24, March.
  8. André Sapir, 1996. "The effects of Europe's international market program on production and trade: a first assessment," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8162, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. H C W L Williams, 1977. "On the Formation of Travel Demand Models and Economic Evaluation Measures of User Benefit," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 9(3), pages 285-344, March.
  10. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J, 1990. "Integration and the Competitiveness of Peripheral Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers 363, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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