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Nationale Geldschöpfung im Euroraum: Mechanismen, Defekte, Therapie

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  • Kooths, Stefan
  • van Roye, Björn

Abstract

Die Geldpolitik des Eurosystems operiert seit über vier Jahren im Krisenmodus. Kennzeichnend hierfür sind eine massive quantitative und qualitative Lockerung beim geldpolitischen Instrumenteneinsatz. Dieser Kurs zielt vor allem auf eine Stabilisierung einzelner nationaler Bankensysteme ab. Als gravierendste Nebenwirkung kommt es zu einer erheblichen und bislang nicht gestoppten Zahlungsbilanzfinanzierung durch das Eurosystem, die sich symptomatisch und zu großen Teilen an der Entwicklung der Target2-Salden ablesen lässt. Ursächlich hierfür ist eine asymmetrische Bereitstellung von Zentralbankgeld in einem national segmentierten Geschäftsbankenmarkt. Der Beitrag erklärt die zugrunde liegenden Finanzierungsmechanismen, diagnostiziert die sich daraus ergebenden Fehlentwicklungen und zeigt Therapiemöglichkeiten auf. Hierzu zählen eine vertiefte monetäre Integration zur Umsetzung einer einheitlichen Geldpolitik sowie eine Finanzmarktordnung für den Euro-Währungsraum, die es den Zentralbanken erlaubt, insolventen Marktteilnehmern nicht beistehen zu müssen.

Suggested Citation

  • Kooths, Stefan & van Roye, Björn, 2012. "Nationale Geldschöpfung im Euroraum: Mechanismen, Defekte, Therapie," Kiel Discussion Papers 508/509, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkdp:508-509
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    Cited by:

    1. Jannsen, Nils, 2013. "Aktuelle Trends im deutschen Außenhandel," IfW-Box 2013.5, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    2. Smeets Heinz-Dieter & Schmid Anita, 2014. "Europäische Staatsschuldenkrise, Lender of last resort und Bankenunion / European sovereign debt crisis, lender of last resort and banking union," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 65(1), pages 47-74, January.
    3. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Groll, Dominik & Jannsen, Nils & Kooths, Stefan & Plödt, Martin & van Roye, Björn & Scheide, Joachim & Schwarzmüller, Tim, 2015. "Das europäische Verfahren zur Vermeidung und Korrektur makroökonomischer Ungleichgewichte: Auswertung der bisherigen Erfahrung und mögliche Reformansätze," Kieler Beiträge zur Wirtschaftspolitik 7, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Kooths, Stefan & Plödt, Martin & van Roye, Björn & Scheide, Joachim, 2014. "Makroprudenzielle Finanzmarktpolitik: Nationale Handlungsoptionen im Euroraum," Kiel Discussion Papers 541/542, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    5. Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Jannsen, Nils & Plödt, Martin & van Roye, Björn & Scheide, Joachim & Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Groll, Dominik & Schwarzmüller, Tim, 2012. "Weltkonjunktur im Herbst 2012," Kiel Discussion Papers 510/511, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. van Roye, Björn, 2012. "Zur Situation des spanischen Bankensektors," IfW-Box 2012.8, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    7. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Jannsen, Nils & Plödt, Martin & van Roye, Björn & Scheide, Joachim & Groll, Dominik & Kooths, Stefan, 2012. "Weltkonjunktur und deutsche Konjunktur im Winter 2012," Kiel Discussion Papers 514/515, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    8. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Fiedler, Salomon & Groll, Dominik & Kooths, Stefan & Reitz, Stefan & Stolzenburg, Ulrich, 2016. "Konjunktur im Euroraum im Frühjahr 2016 - Euroraum: Erholung zunächst von Unsicherheit belastet [Euro Area: Uncertainty weighs temporarily on recovery]," Kieler Konjunkturberichte 16, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    9. Stolzenburg, Ulrich, 2017. "Neues Allzeithoch bei Target-Salden," IfW-Box 2017.6, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    10. Potrafke, Niklas & Reischmann, Markus, 2014. "Explosive Target balances of the German Bundesbank," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 439-444.
    11. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Kooths, Stefan & Stolzenburg, Ulrich, 2016. "Zum Wiederanstieg der TARGET-Salden," IfW-Box 2016.5, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    12. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Jannsen, Nils & Plödt, Martin & van Roye, Björn & Scheide, Joachim & Schwarzmüller, Tim & Groll, Dominik & Kooths, Stefan, 2013. "Weltkonjunktur und deutsche Konjunktur im Sommer 2013," Kiel Discussion Papers 524/525, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    13. Markus Reischmann, 2016. "Empirische Studien zu Staatsverschuldung und fiskalischen Transferzahlungen," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 63, December.

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