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Elite School Designation and House Prices - Quasi-experimental Evidence from Beijing, China

Author

Listed:
  • Huang, Bin
  • He, Xiaoyan
  • Xu, Lei
  • Zhu, Yu

Abstract

We explore three recent comprehensive reforms which aim to equalize access to elite elementary schools in Beijing, to identify the causal effect of access to quality education on house prices. Using property transaction records from Beijing in 2013 and 2016, we construct a balanced panel of residential complexes, each of which linked to its designated primary school. Whereas the multi-school dicing reform involves randomly assigning previously ineligible pupils to key elementary schools through lotteries, the reform of school federation led by elite schools consolidates ordinary primary schools through alliance with elite schools. Moreover, an ordinary primary school can be promoted to key elementary school without involving neighbouring schools in surrounding residential complexes through a “pure” re-designation effect. We allow for systemic differences between the treated and non-treated residential complexes using the Matching Difference-in-Differences (MDID) approach. Our estimates indicate that the causal effect on house prices of being eligible to enrol in a municipal-level key primary school is about 5-7%, while the premium for being eligible for a less prestigious district-level key primary school is only about 1-3%.

Suggested Citation

  • Huang, Bin & He, Xiaoyan & Xu, Lei & Zhu, Yu, 2018. "Elite School Designation and House Prices - Quasi-experimental Evidence from Beijing, China," GLO Discussion Paper Series 283, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:283
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    quality school designation; house price premium; Matching DID; China;

    JEL classification:

    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • H44 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Goods: Mixed Markets

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