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Point, interval and density forecasts of exchange rates with time-varying parameter models

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  • Abbate, Angela
  • Marcellino, Massimiliano

Abstract

We explore whether modelling parameter time variation improves the point, interval and density forecasts of nine major exchange rates vis-a-vis the US dollar over the period 1976-2015. We find that modelling parameter time variation is needed for an accurate calibration of forecast confidence intervals, and is better suited at long horizons and in high-volatility periods. The biggest forecast improvements are obtained by modelling time variation in the volatilities of the innovations, rather than in the slope parameters. Moreover, we do not find evidence that parameter time variation helps to unravel exchange rate predictability by macroeconomic fundamentals. Finally, an economic evaluation of the different forecast models reveals that controlling for parameter time variation leads to higher portfolios returns, and to higher utility values for investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Abbate, Angela & Marcellino, Massimiliano, 2016. "Point, interval and density forecasts of exchange rates with time-varying parameter models," Discussion Papers 19/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:192016
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    Cited by:

    1. Angela Abbate & Massimiliano Marcellino, 2017. "Macroeconomic activity and risk indicators: an unstable relationship," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1756, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    2. Niko Hauzenberger & Florian Huber, 2020. "Model instability in predictive exchange rate regressions," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 39(2), pages 168-186, March.
    3. Papahristodoulou, Christos, 2019. "Is there any theory that explains the SEK?," MPRA Paper 95072, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Jul 2019.
    4. Anna Pajor & Justyna Wróblewska, 2022. "Forecasting performance of Bayesian VEC-MSF models for financial data in the presence of long-run relationships," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 12(3), pages 427-448, September.
    5. Oguzhan Cepni & I. Ethem Guney & Norman R. Swanson, 2020. "Forecasting and nowcasting emerging market GDP growth rates: The role of latent global economic policy uncertainty and macroeconomic data surprise factors," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 39(1), pages 18-36, January.
    6. Legrand, Romain, 2018. "Time-Varying Vector Autoregressions: Efficient Estimation, Random Inertia and Random Mean," MPRA Paper 88925, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Joscha Beckmann & Gary Koop & Dimitris Korobilis & Rainer Alexander Schüssler, 2020. "Exchange rate predictability and dynamic Bayesian learning," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(4), pages 410-421, June.
    8. Huber, Florian & Zörner, Thomas O., 2019. "Threshold cointegration in international exchange rates:A Bayesian approach," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 458-473.
    9. Adebayo Felix Adekoya & Isaac Kofi Nti & Benjamin Asubam Weyori, 2021. "Long Short-Term Memory Network for Predicting Exchange Rate of the Ghanaian Cedi," FinTech, MDPI, vol. 1(1), pages 1-19, December.
    10. Justyna Wróblewska & Anna Pajor, 2019. "One-period joint forecasts of Polish inflation, unemployment and interest rate using Bayesian VEC-MSF models," Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, vol. 11(1), pages 23-45, March.
    11. Aristidou, Chrystalleni & Lee, Kevin & Shields, Kalvinder, 2022. "Fundamentals, regimes and exchange rate forecasts: Insights from a meta exchange rate model," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 123(C).
    12. Krystian Jaworski, 2021. "Forecasting exchange rates for Central and Eastern European currencies using country‐specific factors," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 40(6), pages 977-999, September.
    13. Camba-Méndez, Gonzalo, 2020. "On the inflation risks embedded in sovereign bond yields," Working Paper Series 2423, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rates; forecasting; density forecasts; BVAR; time-varying parameters;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F37 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Finance Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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