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An Exploration of a Strategic Competition Model for the European Union Natural Gas Market

Author

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  • Zaifu Yang
  • Rong Zhang
  • Zongyi Zhang

Abstract

Following Jansen et al. (2012), we examine an unconventional Cournot model of the European Union natural gas market with three major suppliers Russian Gazprom, Norwegian Statoil, and Algerian Sonatrach. To reect Russia's other strategic consideration besides profit, we incorporate a relative market share into Gazprom's objective function. We prove that when Gazprom pursues the control of market share along with profit, it will be good news for consumers but bad news for its pure profit maximising rivals. We further show that by seeking a proper market share, Gazprom can achieve the same profit of a Stackelberg leader in a simultaneous move model as in the standard sequential move leader-follower model. Compared with Jansen et al.'s, our approach makes the analysis considerably simpler and more transparent.

Suggested Citation

  • Zaifu Yang & Rong Zhang & Zongyi Zhang, 2016. "An Exploration of a Strategic Competition Model for the European Union Natural Gas Market," Discussion Papers 16/06, Department of Economics, University of York.
  • Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:16/06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thijs Jansen & Arie van Lier & Arjen van Witteloostuijn, 2009. "On the impact of managerial bonus systems on firm profit and market competition: the cases of pure profit, sales, market share and relative profits compared," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(3), pages 141-153.
    2. Bilgin, Mert, 2009. "Geopolitics of European natural gas demand: Supplies from Russia, Caspian and the Middle East," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4482-4492, November.
    3. Jansen, Thijs & van Lier, Arie & van Witteloostuijn, Arjen & Boon von Ochssée, Tim, 2012. "A modified Cournot model of the natural gas market in the European Union: Mixed-motives delegation in a politicized environment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 280-285.
    4. Jansen, Thijs & van Lier, Arie & van Witteloostuijn, Arjen, 2007. "A note on strategic delegation: The market share case," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 531-539, June.
    5. Finon, Dominique & Locatelli, Catherine, 2008. "Russian and European gas interdependence: Could contractual trade channel geopolitics?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 423-442, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mehdi Abbas & Catherine Locatelli, 2020. "National institutional systems’ hybridisation through interdependence. The case of EU-Russia gas relations," Post-Print hal-02272171, HAL.
    2. Sadek Boussena & Catherine Locatelli, 2017. "Gazprom and the complexity of the EU gas market: a strategy to define," Post-Print hal-01618494, HAL.
    3. Sesini, Marzia & Giarola, Sara & Hawkes, Adam D., 2020. "The impact of liquefied natural gas and storage on the EU natural gas infrastructure resilience," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 209(C).
    4. Anis Hoayek & Hassan Hamie & Hans Auer, 2020. "Modeling the Price Stability and Predictability of Post Liberalized Gas Markets Using the Theory of Information," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(11), pages 1-20, June.
    5. Penkovskii, Andrey & Stennikov, Valery & Mednikova, Ekaterina & Postnikov, Ivan, 2018. "Search for a market equilibrium of Cournot-Nash in the competitive heat market," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 161(C), pages 193-201.
    6. Boussena, S. & Locatelli, C., 2017. "Gazprom and the complexity of the EU gas market: A strategy to define," Working Papers 2017-09, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
    7. Locatelli, C., 2018. "La confrontation des systèmes institutionnels nationaux dans l'interdépendance : les échanges gaziers UE-Russie," Working Papers 2018-03, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
    8. Catherine Locatelli, 2018. "La confrontation des systèmes institutionnels nationaux dans l'interdépendance : les échanges gaziers UE-Russie," Working Papers hal-01715932, HAL.
    9. Locatelli, C. & Abbas, M., 2019. "Interdépendance complexe et hybridation des modèles institutionnels nationaux : le cas des relations énergétique UE-Russie," Working Papers 2019-02, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
    10. Yang, Zaifu & Zhang, Rong & Zhang, Zongyi, 2016. "An exploration of a strategic competition model for the European Union natural gas market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 236-242.
    11. Motalleb, Mahdi & Siano, Pierluigi & Ghorbani, Reza, 2019. "Networked Stackelberg Competition in a Demand Response Market," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(C), pages 680-691.
    12. Grimm, Veronika & Grübel, Julia & Schewe, Lars & Schmidt, Martin & Zöttl, Gregor, 2019. "Nonconvex equilibrium models for gas market analysis: Failure of standard techniques and alternative modeling approaches," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 273(3), pages 1097-1108.
    13. Catherine Locatelli & Mehdi Abbas, 2019. "Interdépendance complexe et hybridation des modèles institutionnels nationaux : le cas des relations énergétiques UE-Russie," Working Papers hal-02100098, HAL.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Natural gas market; Cournot model; Stackelberg leader's advantage; Non-profit incentive; Relative market share; European Union;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C62 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L95 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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