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Does the framing of patient cost-sharing incentives matter? The effects of deductibles vs. no-claim refunds

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  • Hayen, A.P.;
  • Klein, T.J.;
  • Salm, M.;

Abstract

Understanding how health care utilization responds to cost-sharing incentives is of central importance for providing high quality care and limiting the growth of costs. While there is compelling evidence that patients react to financial incentives, it is less well understood how and why specific aspects of the design of contracts shape the size of this reaction. In this paper, we focus on the question whether the framing of cost-sharing incentives has an effect on health care utilization. To study this we make use of a policy change that occurred in the Netherlands. Until 2007, patients received a a no-claim refund if they consumed little or no health care; from 2008 onward there was a deductible. This means that very similar economic incentives were first framed in terms of smaller gains and later as losses. We use claims-level data for a broad sample from the Dutch population to estimate whether the reaction to economic incentives was affected by this. Our empirical approach is to exploit within-year variation using an instrumental variables approach while controlling for differences across years. Our central finding is that patients react to incentives much more strongly when they are framed in terms of losses. Simulations based on our estimates show that the effect on yearly spending is 8.6 percent. This suggests that discussions on the optimal design of cost-sharing incentives should not only involve coinsurance rates and cost-sharing limits, but also how these are presented to patients.

Suggested Citation

  • Hayen, A.P.; & Klein, T.J.; & Salm, M.;, 2019. "Does the framing of patient cost-sharing incentives matter? The effects of deductibles vs. no-claim refunds," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 19/12, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  • Handle: RePEc:yor:hectdg:19/12
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Minke Remmerswaal & Jan Boone & Rudy Douven, 2019. "Selection and moral hazard effects in healthcare," CPB Discussion Paper 393, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    2. repec:eee:pubeco:v:170:y:2019:i:c:p:83-97 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    patient cost-sharing; health insurance; framing;

    JEL classification:

    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health

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