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Does the framing of patient cost-sharing incentives matter? the effects of deductibles vs. no-claim refunds

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  • Hayen, Arthur P.
  • Klein, Tobias J.
  • Salm, Martin

Abstract

Understanding how health care utilization responds to cost-sharing is of central importance for providing high quality care and limiting the growth of costs. We study whether the framing of cost-sharing incentives has an effect on health care utilization. For this we make use of a policy change in the Netherlands. Until 2007, patients received a refund if they consumed little or no health care; the refund was the lower the more care they had consumed. From 2008 onward, there was a deductible. This means that very similar economic incentives were first framed in terms of smaller gains and later as losses. We find that patients react to incentives much more strongly when they are framed in terms of losses. The effect on yearly spending is 8.6 percent. This suggests that discussions on the optimal design of cost-sharing incentives should also revolve around the question how these are presented to patients.

Suggested Citation

  • Hayen, Arthur P. & Klein, Tobias J. & Salm, Martin, 2021. "Does the framing of patient cost-sharing incentives matter? the effects of deductibles vs. no-claim refunds," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:80:y:2021:i:c:s0167629621001053
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2021.102520
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    Cited by:

    1. Klein, Tobias & Salm, Martin & Upadhyay, Suraj, 2020. "The Response to Dynamic Incentives in Insurance Contracts with a Deductible: Evidence from a Differences-in-Regression-Disconti," CEPR Discussion Papers 14552, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Markus Fels, 2020. "Incentivizing efficient utilization without reducing access: The case against cost‐sharing in insurance," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(7), pages 827-840, July.
    3. Stefanie Thönnes, 2019. "Ex-post moral hazard in the health insurance market: empirical evidence from German data," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 20(9), pages 1317-1333, December.
    4. M. Antonini & R. C. van Kleef & J. Henriquez & F. Paolucci, 2023. "Can risk rating increase the ability of voluntary deductibles to reduce moral hazard?," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 48(1), pages 130-156, January.
    5. Minke Remmerswaal & Jan Boone & Rudy Douven, 2019. "Selection and moral hazard effects in healthcare," CPB Discussion Paper 393.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    6. Remmerswaal, Minke & Boone, Jan & Bijlsma, Michiel & Douven, Rudy, 2019. "Cost-sharing design matters: A comparison of the rebate and deductible in healthcare," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 83-97.
    7. Klein, Tobias J. & Salm, Martin & Upadhyay, Suraj, 2022. "The response to dynamic incentives in insurance contracts with a deductible: Evidence from a differences-in-regression-discontinuities design," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 210(C).
    8. Avdic, Daniel & Decker, Simon & Karlsson, Martin & Salm, Martin, 2024. "No-claim refunds and healthcare use," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 230(C).
    9. Minke Remmerswaal & Jan Boone, 2020. "A Structural Microsimulation Model for Demand-Side Cost-Sharing in Healthcare," CPB Discussion Paper 415.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    10. Minke Remmerswaal & Jan Boone, 2020. "A Structural Microsimulation Model for Demand-Side Cost-Sharing in Healthcare," CPB Discussion Paper 415, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    11. Minke Remmerswaal & Jan Boone & Rudy Douven, 2019. "Selection and moral hazard effects in healthcare," CPB Discussion Paper 393, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    12. Minke Remmerswaal & Jan Boone & Michiel Bijlsma & Rudy Douven, 2017. "Cost-Sharing Design Matters: A Comparison of the Rebate and Deductible in Healthcare," CPB Discussion Paper 367.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    13. Klein, Tobias J. & Salm, Martin & Upadhyay, Suraj, 2024. "Patient Cost-Sharing and Redistribution in Health Insurance," IZA Discussion Papers 16778, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Patient cost-sharing; Health insurance; Framing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I13 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Insurance, Public and Private
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health

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