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Economic Impacts of the Elimination of Azinphos-methyl on the Apple Industry and Washington State

  • Andrew J. Cassey
  • Suzette P. Galinato
  • Justin Taylor


    (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)

The Environmental Protection Agency has declared the organophosphate pesticide azinphos-methyl (AZM) cannot be used in the production of apples after September 30, 2012. We estimate the change to sales, price, and employment to the Washington State apple industry from using the likely AZM alternative had this ban been in effect in 2007. Furthermore, we estimate the effects of this ban as it ripples through the overall Washington State economy. We find the ban will bring a relatively modest change to sales (-0.8%), prices (0.2%), and employment (0.1%) in the apple industry, with negligible impacts on the overall Washington State economy.

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Paper provided by School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University in its series Working Papers with number 2010-06.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wsu:wpaper:cassey-3
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  1. Andrew J. Cassey & David W. Holland & Abdul Razack, 2011. "Comparing the Economic Impact of an Export Shock in Two Modeling Frameworks," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 623-638.
  2. C. Rendleman & Kenneth Reinert & James Tobey, 1995. "Market-based systems for reducing chemical use in agriculture in the United States," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 5(1), pages 51-70, January.
  3. Patrick J. Kehoe & Timothy J. Kehoe, 1994. "A primer on static applied general equilibrium models," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Spr, pages 2-16.
  4. K. Doroodian & Roy Boyd, 1999. "The impact of removing corn subsidies in mexico: A general equilibrium assessment," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 27(2), pages 150-169, June.
  5. Mai, Yinhua, 2008. "Removing border protection on wheat and rice: effects on rural income and food self-sufficiency in China," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 52(2), June.
  6. Abdul Razack & Stephen Devadoss & David Holland, 2009. "A general equilibrium analysis of production subsidy in a Harris-Todaro developing economy: an application to India," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(21), pages 2767-2777.
  7. Cassells, Sue M. & Meister, Anton D., 2001. "Cost and trade impacts of environmental regulations: effluent control and the New Zealand dairy sector," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 45(2), June.
  8. VanSickle, John J. & Nalampang, Sikavas, 2002. "The Impact Of The Phase Out Of Methylbromide On The U.S. Vegetable Industry," Policy Briefs 15664, University of Florida, International Agricultural Trade and Policy Center.
  9. George Philippidis & Lionel Hubbard, 2005. "A Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Treatment of the Ban on UK Beef Exports: A Note," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(2), pages 307-312.
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