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Economic Impacts of the Elimination of Azinphos-methyl on the Apple Industry and Washington State


  • Andrew J. Cassey
  • Suzette P. Galinato
  • Justin Taylor

    () (School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University)


The Environmental Protection Agency has declared the organophosphate pesticide azinphos-methyl (AZM) cannot be used in the production of apples after September 30, 2012. We estimate the change to sales, price, and employment to the Washington State apple industry from using the likely AZM alternative had this ban been in effect in 2007. Furthermore, we estimate the effects of this ban as it ripples through the overall Washington State economy. We find the ban will bring a relatively modest change to sales (-0.8%), prices (0.2%), and employment (0.1%) in the apple industry, with negligible impacts on the overall Washington State economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew J. Cassey & Suzette P. Galinato & Justin Taylor, 2010. "Economic Impacts of the Elimination of Azinphos-methyl on the Apple Industry and Washington State," Working Papers 2010-06, School of Economic Sciences, Washington State University.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsu:wpaper:cassey-3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. K. Doroodian & Roy Boyd, 1999. "The impact of removing corn subsidies in mexico: A general equilibrium assessment," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 27(2), pages 150-169, June.
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    4. Andrew J. Cassey & David W. Holland & Abdul Razack, 2011. "Comparing the Economic Impact of an Export Shock in Two Modeling Frameworks," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 623-638.
    5. VanSickle, John J. & Nalampang, Sikavas, 2002. "The Impact Of The Phase Out Of Methylbromide On The U.S. Vegetable Industry," Policy Briefs 15664, University of Florida, International Agricultural Trade and Policy Center.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chavez, Holcer & Nadolnyak, Denis & Klopper, Joseph W., 2013. "Impacts of Microbial Inoculants as Integrated Pest Management Tools in Apple Production," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 45(04), November.

    More about this item


    apples; azinphos-methyl; economic impact; computable general equilibrium;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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