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Aggregate investment dynamics when firms face fixed investment cost and capital market imperfections

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  • Christian Bayer

    (European University Institute)

Abstract

This paper analyzes a model of investment with fixed investment costs and capital market imperfections. In this model finance influences the level of capital firms hold, as well as the frequency at which they invest. In consequence investment reacts nonlinearly with respect to shocks to productivity and liquidity. Liquidity and productivity shocks are complements and the influence of finance is strongest if a firm wishes to significantly adjust capital for fundamental reasons. This theoretical model is confronted with UK company data in a two-step estimation that first identifies the long-run relationship of productivity, capital and liquidity. Here we find no significant influence of finance on the capital decision of a firm. However, when the short-run investment function is estimated, liquidity has a significant impact, which is also strongest for strong fundamental investment incentives. Moreover, the investment function is strongly convex in the fundamentals themselves, indicating fixed costs of capital adjustment.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Bayer, 2004. "Aggregate investment dynamics when firms face fixed investment cost and capital market imperfections," Macroeconomics 0411018, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0411018
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    Cited by:

    1. Bayer, Christian, 2008. "On the interaction of financial frictions and fixed capital adjustment costs: Evidence from a panel of German firms," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 3538-3559, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Investment; non-convex adjustment cost; imperfect capital markets; nonlinear error-correction; panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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