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Estimating Adjustment Costs with Data on Heterogeneous Capital Goods

  • Austan Goolsbee
  • David B. Gross

This paper estimates the micro-level costs of adjusting capital using detailed data on" investment decisions in the US airline industry. The data include the capital stock retirement, market values, operating costs, and utilization rates of 16 different types of capital" goods for each airline. This data on heterogeneous capital goods allows us to estimate the" desired stock of capital for each type of plane while controlling for unobserved changes in airline" profitability. The results show clear evidence of non-convex adjustment costs inaction for capital investment and quadratic adjustment costs conditional on positive or negative" investment. The adjustment costs for utilization show similar non-convexities but with smaller" adjustment costs. Aggregating to the firm level or using accounting data obscures the non-convexities and biases the estimated adjustment costs upward."

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6342.

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Date of creation: Dec 1997
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6342
Note: PE EFG
Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
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  17. Hamermesh, Daniel S, 1992. "A General Model of Dynamic Labor Demand," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(4), pages 733-37, November.
  18. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Valerie A. Ramey, 1992. "Output Fluctuations at the Plant Level," NBER Working Papers 4105, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Hamermesh, Daniel S. & Pfann, Gerard Antonie, 1996. "Adjustment Costs in Factor Demand," CEPR Discussion Papers 1371, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  20. Cabalero, R.J., 1997. "Aggregaete Investment," Working papers 97-20, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  21. Ricardo J. Caballero & John V. Leahy, 1996. "Fixed Costs: The Demise of Marginal q," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1765, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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  24. Shapiro, Matthew D, 1986. "Capital Utilization and Capital Accumulation: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(3), pages 211-34, July.
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