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Trade liberalisation under the Doha Development Agenda Options and consequences for Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Tom Achterbosch

    (LEI)

  • Hakim Ben Hammouda

    (UNECA)

  • Patrick Osakwe

    (UNECA)

  • Frank van Tongeren

    (LEI)

Abstract

This study provides a quantitative estimate of the potential economic consequences of multilateral trade reform under the WTO for Africa using a framework that explicitly incorporates issues of concern to the region, such as preference erosion, loss of tariff revenue, and trade facilitation. It also examines the impact of OECD agricultural support programmes on economic welfare and specialisation in Africa. In the static version of the GTAP model, the study finds that full liberalisation of trade would increase global welfare (income) by 0.3 per cent, but would add 0.7 per cent annually to income in the African region. Sub-Saharan Africa and, to a lesser extent, Southern Africa, are vulnerable to partial trade reforms as they incur losses from partial reform while all other regions derive positive gains from a liberalisation of minor scope.

Suggested Citation

  • Tom Achterbosch & Hakim Ben Hammouda & Patrick Osakwe & Frank van Tongeren, 2004. "Trade liberalisation under the Doha Development Agenda Options and consequences for Africa," International Trade 0407013, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0407013
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 90. Joint study of United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and the Agricultural Economcis Research Institute (LEI) The Netherlands. General equilibium model of trade and production. Simulates possible effects of WTO-Doha agreement on African countries. Takes into acount existing trade preferces (GSP, ACP ect.) and existing binding overhang.
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Antoine Bouët & Jean-Christophe Bureau & Yvan Decreux & Sébastien Jean, 2005. "Multilateral Agricultural Trade Liberalisation: The Contrasting Fortunes of Developing Countries in the Doha Round," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(9), pages 1329-1354, September.
    2. Hakim Ben Hammouda & Patrick N. Osakwe, 2008. "Global Trade Models and Economic Policy Analyses: Relevance, Risks and Repercussions for Africa," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 26(2), pages 151-170, March.
    3. Sebastian Hess & Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel, 2008. "A Meta-Analysis of General and Partial Equilibrium Simulations of Trade Liberalisation under the Doha Development Agenda," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(6), pages 804-840, June.
    4. Tom Achterbosch & Hakim Ben Hammouda & Patrick Osakwe & Frank van Tongeren, 2004. "Trade liberalisation under the Doha Development Agenda Options and consequences for Africa," International Trade 0407013, EconWPA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; general equilibrium WTO; Doha round; Africa; agricultural policy;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business

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