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Adaptive Estimation of the Regression Discontinuity Model

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  • Yixiao Sun

    (University of California, San Diego)

Abstract

In order to reduce the finite sample bias and improve the rate of convergence, local polynomial estimators have been introduced into the econometric literature to estimate the regression discontinuity model. In this paper, we show that, when the degree of smoothness is known, the local polynomial estimator achieves the optimal rate of convergence within the Hölder smoothness class. However, when the degree of smoothness is not known, the local polynomial estimator may actually inflate the finite sample bias and reduce the rate of convergence. We propose an adaptive version of the local polynomial estimator which selects both the bandwidth and the polynomial order adaptively and show that the adaptive estimator achieves the optimal rate of convergence up to a logarithm factor without knowing the degree of smoothness. Simulation results show that the finite sample performance of the locally cross-validated adaptive estimator is robust to the parameter combinations and data generating processes, reflecting the adaptive nature of the estimator. The root mean squared error of the adaptive estimator compares favorably to local polynomial estimators in the Monte Carlo experiments.

Suggested Citation

  • Yixiao Sun, 2005. "Adaptive Estimation of the Regression Discontinuity Model," Econometrics 0506003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpem:0506003
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 41
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    File URL: https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/em/papers/0506/0506003.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Erich Battistin & Enrico Rettore, 2002. "Testing for programme effects in a regression discontinuity design with imperfect compliance," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 165(1), pages 39-57.
    6. Donald W. K. Andrews & Yixiao Sun, 2004. "Adaptive Local Polynomial Whittle Estimation of Long-range Dependence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(2), pages 569-614, March.
    7. Hahn, Jinyong & Todd, Petra & Van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 2001. "Identification and Estimation of Treatment Effects with a Regression-Discontinuity Design," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(1), pages 201-209, January.
    8. Horowitz, Joel L, 1992. "A Smoothed Maximum Score Estimator for the Binary Response Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(3), pages 505-531, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Imbens, Guido W. & Lemieux, Thomas, 2008. "Regression discontinuity designs: A guide to practice," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 615-635, February.
    2. Ganong, Peter & Jäger, Simon, 2014. "A Permutation Test and Estimation Alternatives for the Regression Kink Design," IZA Discussion Papers 8282, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Ping Yu & Peter C.B. Phillips, 2014. "Threshold Regression with Endogeneity," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1966, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    4. repec:hrv:faseco:34222894 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Wilbert van der Klaauw, 2008. "Regression-Discontinuity Analysis: A Survey of Recent Developments in Economics," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 22(2), pages 219-245, June.
    6. Porter, Jack & Yu, Ping, 2015. "Regression discontinuity designs with unknown discontinuity points: Testing and estimation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 189(1), pages 132-147.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Adaptive estimator; local cross validation; local polynomial; minimax rate; optimal bandwidth; optimal smoothness parameter;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C4 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics
    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs

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