The impact of trade liberalisation on adjustment of regional wages in Estonia
The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we aim at analysing the development of regional specialisation in Estonia since the beginning of trade liberalisation and integration into the EU in the early 1990s. Second, given the patterns of developments in specialisation, we analyse how trade liberalisation has affected structure of regional wages. The main data used in this study consist of a panel of 5 geographic regions aggregated at the NUTS3 level by the EU classification. For every region we calculated indices of regional industrial specialisation in 1990-2002. The indices are based on data for employment in manufacturing industries classified by two-digit NACE standard (total of 13 industries). The impact of integration with EU on regional development is based on the data for average wages in industry in regions at NUTS IV level (15 administrative units of Estonia). The analysis of industrial specialisation in Estonian NUTS III regions showed that the level of specialisation has increased on average by 1-1.5% a year. As for transition economy time is a fair proxy to integration, we may conclude that initial stages of establishing closer economic relations with EU and voluminous target investments into the regions stimulated specialisation. Econometric analysis of relationship between relative regional wages and distance to the capital suggests an explanation consistent with new economic geography hypothesis. Surprisingly, in spite of small size of Estonian territory, distance have essensial effect on variations in regional wages. Our estimates show that integration with EU and trade liberalisation minimises negative impact of distance.
|Date of creation:||Aug 2005|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.ersa.org
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hanson, Gordon H, 1996.
"Localization Economies, Vertical Organization, and Trade,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1266-78, December.
- Gordon H. Hanson, 1994. "Localization Economies, Vertical Organization and Trade," NBER Working Papers 4744, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Michael Devereux & Rachel Griffith & Helen Simpson, 1999.
"The geographic distribution of production activity in the UK,"
IFS Working Papers
W99/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
- Devereux, Michael P. & Griffith, Rachel & Simpson, Helen, 2004. "The geographic distribution of production activity in the UK," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 533-564, September.
- Devereux, Michael P. & Griffith, Rachel & Simpson, Helen, 2002. "The Geographical Distribution of Production Activity in the UK," CEPR Discussion Papers 3627, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Michael P. Devereux & Rachel Griffith & Helen Simpson, 2000. "The Geographic Distribution of Production Activity in the UK," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1397, Econometric Society.
- Martin Hallet, 1998. "The regional impact of the single currency," ERSA conference papers ersa98p27, European Regional Science Association.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p240. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.