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The New Face of Slavery in the Balkans

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  • Isilda Mara

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

Abstract

The paper studies the individuals from the Balkans, who attempted to migrate illegally and fell victims of trafficking and exploitation at the destination country. The paper aims to analyse and explore the relationship between personal characteristics, previous economic status of the victims and the implications of being trafficked and sexually exploited, in wellbeing terms. In order to examine the deprivation of the victims of trafficking and exploitation we use Sen´s capability approach whereas to estimate the latent state of well-being we make use of MIMIC approach (Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes). The probability of being trafficked and exploited out of the region and its main determinants are analysed by counting for demographic, social, economic and political factors. We find that improving the political and economic situation in the origin country, concurrently with law enforcement intervention in the destination country, reduces the victims` deprivation by the trafficking and exploitation.

Suggested Citation

  • Isilda Mara, 2009. "The New Face of Slavery in the Balkans," wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Papers 79, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:bpaper:079
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Schneider, Friedrich, 2005. "Shadow economies around the world: what do we really know?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 598-642, September.
    2. Epstein, Gil S. & Weiss, Avi, 2001. "A Theory of Immigration Amnesties," IZA Discussion Papers 302, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Marina Della Giusta & Maria Laura Di Tommaso & Isilda Shima & Steinar Strøm, 2009. "What money buys: clients of street sex workers in the US," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(18), pages 2261-2277.
    4. Di Tommaso Maria Laura & Shima Isilda & Steinar Strom & Bettio Francesca, 2007. "As Bad as it Gets: Well Being Deprivation of Sexually Exploited Trafficked women," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 200703, University of Turin.
    5. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-565, May-June.
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